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Social Protection & Labor Strategy Background Papers/Notes

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Background Papers & Notes

The papers listed below served as critical inputs to the preparation of the strategy and provide additional guidance in core social protection and labor areas. A two-page note for each of the background papers is also included.


Building Social Protection and Labor Systems: Concepts and Operational Implications
by David A. Robalino, Laura Rawlings and Ian Walker

This paper presents a framework for designing and implementing social protection and labor (SP&L) systems in middle and low income countries.

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Productive Role of Safety Nets
by Harold Alderman and Ruslan Yemtsov

The paper contains a short theoretical framework for linking social protection with growth and productivity, an updated review of the literature, new original work filling in gaps in the available evidence, and a discussion of operational implications.

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Improving Access to Jobs and Earnings Opportunities: The Role of Activation and Graduation Policies In Developing Countries
by Rita Almeida, Juliana Arbelaez, Maddalena Honorati, Arvo Kuddo, Tanja Lohmann, Mirey Ovadiya, Lucian Pop, Maria Laura Sanchez Puerta and Michael Weber

This paper proposes a simple policy framework highlighting the most common barriers for productive employment. It also reviews the topic of incentive compatibility of income support schemes and employment support programs that are used to address them.

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Crisis Response in Social Protection
by Federica Marzo and Hideki Mori

The main goal of this paper is to draw lessons from the past to better understand the role and potential of social protection in response to crisis.

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Rules, Roles and Controls: Governance in Social Protection with an Application to Social Assistance
by Lucy Bassett, Sara Giannozzi, Lucian Pop and Dena Ringold

This paper develops an operational definition of governance that can be applied to social protection.

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Labor Markets in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: Trends and Implications for Social Protection and Labor Policies

This paper reviews labor market trends in the developing world, identifies specific problems and policy priorities across groups of countries, and derives implications for the World Bank's work on labor and the new Social Protection and Labor Strategy for the next decade.

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World Bank Support for Pensions and Social Security
by Mark Dorfman and Robert Palacios

Pension and social insurance programs that prevent a substantial loss in consumption resulting from old age, disability, or death are an integral part of any social protection system. The dual objectives of such programs are to allow for the prevention of a sharp decline in income when these life-cycle events take place and protection against poverty in old age. This background paper reviews the World Bank’s conceptual framework for the analysis of pension programs and defines the major challenges facing low and middle income countries, namely, coverage, adequacy and sustainability. The paper proposes a broad, forward-looking strategy to help address these challenges.

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Social Protection in Low Income Countries and Fragile Situations: Challenges and Future Directions
by Colin Andrews, Maitreyi Das, John Elder, Mirey Ovadiya and Giuseppe Zampaglione

In LICs and FSs, governments are confronted with a nexus of mutually reinforcing deficits that increase the need for SP programs and simultaneously reduce their ability to successfully respond. Governments face hard choices about the type, affordability, and sustainability of SP interventions. This paper reviews how these factors affect SP programs in these countries and identifies ways to address the deficits.

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Climate-Responsive Social Protection
by Anne T. Kuriakose, Rasmus Heltberg, William Wiseman, Cecilia Costella, Rachel Cipryk and Sabine Cornelius

This paper sets out the case for climate-responsive social protection and proposes a framework with principles, design features, and functions that would help SP systems evolve in a climate-responsive direction.

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