Changing economies, new social and political strategies along with post conflict situations, mental health issues and de-institutionalization are among the many challenges facing the Europe and Central Asia region. Development of poverty reduction strategies and the HIV/AIDS threat are others.
Conflict and its aftermath creates particular disability issues with stress, trauma, mental illness, and physical disabilities being some of outcomes to be dealt with.
Poverty and Diversity
Notwithstanding the recent tendency of the poorer countries in Europe and Central Asia to grow more quickly than countries in Central and Eastern Europe, vast differences remain in levels of poverty and human development and in the conditions necessary for sustainable growth. Per capita income ranges from $10,070 in Slovenia to $200 in Tajikistan, and the extent of poverty runs from more than 50 percent of the population in the poorer countries of the region to low single-digit levels in most countries in Central and Eastern Europe.
Given this diversity the World Bank's assistance in this region has to be tailored to fit the needs of the individual countries based on the existing social, economic, cultural and political context. In Bosnia many people live with physical and psychological disabilities resulting from the war in the mid 1990s requiring assistance from the World Bank and other international agencies and in Turkey the need for assistance to earthquake victims has been great. Identifying not only the needs, but the 'next steps' to address them are the challenge in this region.
Publications and Reports
- Economic Implications of Chronic Illness and Disability in Eastern Europe and Former Soviet Union
Edited by Cem Mete
- Disability, Poverty, and Schooling in Developing Countries: Results from 14 Household Surveys
By Deon Filmer, Development Research Group, World Bank
January 15, 2008
- Redirecting Resources to Community Based Services
By Louise Fox, The World Bank, and Ragnar Gotestam, UNICEF
World Bank Concept Paper
- Disability and Work in Poland
By Tom Hoopengardner, World Bank
- Moving from Residential Institutions to Community Based Services in Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union
By David Tobis, the World Bank
- It’s about Inclusion: Access to Education, Health, and Social Protection Services for Children with Disabilities in Armenia
By Meri Poghosyan, UNICEF Armenia Education Officer
- Free Movement of people with disabilities in South East Europe: An inaccessible right?
By Raphaelle Sestranetz and Lisa Adams, Handicap International
- 2010: A Europe Accessible for All
By European Commission, EU Expert Group Report
Languages Available: English, Italian, Greek, German, Spanish, French
- Label Us Able - A pro-active evaluation of Finnish development co-operation from the disability perspective
By STAKES, National Research and Development Centre for Welfare and Health
- Promoting The Inclusion of People with Disabilities in Civil Registration and Municipal Elections in Kosovo
By Jeff Fischer, Jerome Mindes
Back to Top
Projects and Initiatives
- BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA: Social Sector Adjustment Credit 2
[Project ID: P070992 - Project Status: Closed]
The objective of the Second Social Sector Adjustment Credit (SOSAC II) is to support reforms in cash transfer and labor programs and institutions in Bosnia-Herzegovina--which reorient social protection towards programs that protect the poorest and most disabled in a fiscally sustainable manner. This is consistent with broader efforts to reduce public spending and focus it on priority needs, and to address regional imbalances within each Entity. These objectives are key elements of the recently...
- BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA: Social Sector Adjustment Technical Assistance Credit
[Project ID: P070650 - Project Status: Closed]
The Social Sector Technical Assistance Credit Project (SOTAC) aims at providing a sustainable system of social protection that targets spending more effectively on the poorest and is based on reliable social statistics, and creating an improved labor relations framework in order to stimulate employment growth. This project will be a companion credit to a proposed Social Sector Adjustment Credit (SOSAC). The project has three components. 1) Social Protection Policy will include technical...
- The Economic Costs of Mental Health Ailments in Post-Conflict Bosnia and Herzegovina
Available internally only
By Kinnon Scott, Senior Economist, Development Economics Research Group (DECRG)
November 10, 2003
- SOUTH EAST EUROPE: Disability Monitor Initiative
The Disability Monitor Initiative (DMI) for South East Europe is an advocacy initiative to gather and disseminate information on relevant disability topics underpinning the move towards full participation and equal opportunities of people with disabilities. The DMI is primarily based on field research consulting with people with disabilities, service providers, members of civil society, government officials and local authorities. The objectives of the DMI are to build up knowledge on the situation of people with disabilities, examine best practices in terms of social innovation happening on the grass-roots level as well as to inform about policy reforms on the national and international levels...
Back to Top
The Japanese International Cooperation Agency (JICA) has developed several country profiles on disability. Within the Europe and Central Asia Region such studies have been carried out in Tajikistan and Uzbekistan. ©JICA holds all copyrights on these profiles and they are provided here in link format only:
Back to Top
Back to Top
The World Bank takes no responsibility for reports and other documents not covered by World Bank Copyright. Linking to such reports shall be seen only as a service to the website user and not as an endorsement of the site by the World Bank.