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Disability in Europe and Central Asia Region

Map: Europe and Central Asia Region


Changing economies, new social and political strategies along with post conflict situations, mental health issues and de-institutionalization are among the many challenges facing the Europe and Central Asia region. Development of poverty reduction strategies and the HIV/AIDS threat are others.


Conflict and its aftermath creates particular disability issues with stress, trauma, mental illness, and physical disabilities being some of outcomes to be dealt with.

Poverty and Diversity

Notwithstanding the recent tendency of the poorer countries in Europe and Central Asia to grow more quickly than countries in Central and Eastern Europe, vast differences remain in levels of poverty and human development and in the conditions necessary for sustainable growth. Per capita income ranges from $10,070 in Slovenia to $200 in Tajikistan, and the extent of poverty runs from more than 50 percent of the population in the poorer countries of the region to low single-digit levels in most countries in Central and Eastern Europe.

Tailored Programs

Given this diversity the World Bank's assistance in this region has to be tailored to fit the needs of the individual countries based on the existing social, economic, cultural and political context. In Bosnia many people live with physical and psychological disabilities resulting from the war in the mid 1990s requiring assistance from the World Bank and other international agencies and in Turkey the need for assistance to earthquake victims has been great. Identifying not only the needs, but the 'next steps' to address them are the challenge in this region.

Publications and Reports

World Bank

Non-World Bank

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Projects and Initiatives

World Bank

  • BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA: Social Sector Adjustment Credit 2
    [Project ID: P070992 - Project Status: Closed]
    The objective of the Second Social Sector Adjustment Credit (SOSAC II) is to support reforms in cash transfer and labor programs and institutions in Bosnia-Herzegovina--which reorient social protection towards programs that protect the poorest and most disabled in a fiscally sustainable manner. This is consistent with broader efforts to reduce public spending and focus it on priority needs, and to address regional imbalances within each Entity. These objectives are key elements of the recently...
  • BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA: Social Sector Adjustment Technical Assistance Credit
    [Project ID: P070650 - Project Status: Closed]
    The Social Sector Technical Assistance Credit Project (SOTAC) aims at providing a sustainable system of social protection that targets spending more effectively on the poorest and is based on reliable social statistics, and creating an improved labor relations framework in order to stimulate employment growth. This project will be a companion credit to a proposed Social Sector Adjustment Credit (SOSAC). The project has three components. 1) Social Protection Policy will include technical...
  • The Economic Costs of Mental Health Ailments in Post-Conflict Bosnia and Herzegovina
    [PPT 84KB]
    Available internally only
    By Kinnon Scott, Senior Economist, Development Economics Research Group (DECRG)
    November 10, 2003

Non-World Bank

  • SOUTH EAST EUROPE: Disability Monitor Initiative
    The Disability Monitor Initiative (DMI) for South East Europe is an advocacy initiative to gather and disseminate information on relevant disability topics underpinning the move towards full participation and equal opportunities of people with disabilities. The DMI is primarily based on field research consulting with people with disabilities, service providers, members of civil society, government officials and local authorities. The objectives of the DMI are to build up knowledge on the situation of people with disabilities, examine best practices in terms of social innovation happening on the grass-roots level as well as to inform about policy reforms on the national and international levels...

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Country Profiles

The Japanese International Cooperation Agency (JICA) has developed several country profiles on disability. Within the Europe and Central Asia Region such studies have been carried out in Tajikistan and Uzbekistan. ©JICA holds all copyrights on these profiles and they are provided here in link format only:

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Related Links

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Last updated: 2012-11-27

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