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Disability in East Asia and Pacific Region

Map: East Asia and Pacific Region

During the last two decades, efforts have been made to address issues of and by persons with disabilities at all levels. These efforts include the UN Decade of Disabled Persons (1983–1992), and the Asian and Pacific regional decade of disabled persons (1993-2002). The international decade was launched in order to provide a time frame during which Governments and organizations could implement the activities recommended in the World Programme of Action Concerning Disabled Persons. Despite these efforts and the focus provided by the regional decade, the situation of persons with disabilities in the Asian and Pacific region, including East Asia and the Pacific, has not been improved as expected.  To further address disability issues, governments in the Asian and Pacific region extended the regional decade for another 10 years (2003-2012).

The World Bank acknowledges the prevalence of disability in the East Asia and Pacific Region and the developing world as such as an issue to be addressed. First steps include: (1) Identifying major issues and challenges confronting persons with disabilities; (2) establishing good practices models, innovative approaches, as well as effective organizations to meet the needs of persons with disabilities in EPA; (3) Data collection and household surveys to clarify the link between disability and impoverished households and to make the comparison between countries possible; (4) and provides recommendations on ways to incorporate disability concerns into the activities of the World Bank’s work in East Asia and the Pacific.

Publications and Reports

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Projects and Initiatives

World Bank

  • VIETNAM: Primary Education for Disadvantaged Children Project
    [Project ID: P044803 - Project Status: Active]
    The objective of the Primary Education for Disadvantaged Children Project for Vietnam is to improve access to primary school and the quality of education for disadvantaged girls and boys. Disadvantaged children are broadly defined as school-aged children who are not enrolled or are at-risk of not completing their primary education; children who attend schools that do not meet fundamental quality standards; and disabled children or children from other highly vulnerable groups, such as street child...

Non-World Bank

  • Asian and Pacific regional decade of disabled persons (1993-2002)
    The Asian and Pacific region has by far the largest number of people with disabilities in the world. Most of them are poor, their concerns unknown and their rights overlooked. In order to address the major issues that disabled persons face and thereby enhance the quality of their lives, the governments of the Asian and Pacific region declared the period 1993 - 2002 as the Asian and Pacific Decade of Disabled Persons...
  • Asian and Pacific Decade of Disabled Person (2003-2012)
  • Duskin Leadership Training in Japan - A Program for Persons with Disabilities in Asia and the Pacific
    This program is intended for persons with disabilities in Asian and Pacific regions who have potential to be community leaders. To help achieve their potential, this program provides an opportunity for them to learn about welfare measures, policies and services for persons with disabilities in Japan and thus improve their knowledge and skills. It is sponsored by the Duskin AINOWA Foundation as one of the projects commemorating the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (UNESCAP). This ten month long program is supported by the Japan's Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare...

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Country Profiles

The Japanese International Cooperation Agency (JICA) has developed several country profiles on disability. Within the East Asia and the Pacific Region such studies have been carried out in Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. ©JICA holds all copyrights on these profiles and they are provided here in link format only.

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Related Links

Asian Pacific:




Hong Kong:




  • Disability Forum Vietnam

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Last updated: 2011-06-22

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