Technology in relation to disability is much more than lack of internet/computer access. It involves all the communication tools and assistive devices enabling a person with a disability to be independent and an active participant in all areas of the community.
Access to Information as a Human Right
Access to information in order to gain equal knowledge and equal opportunity is a human right. In 1983 the United Nations launched: The World Programme of Action Concerning People with Disabilities. This Programme identifies 3 major issues: Prevention of disability, rehabilitation and equalization of opportunities. Appropriate use of technology can be the determining factor in bringing access to society in general and information specifically. Technology access is closely linked to accessibility and inclusion. It includes various types of assistive technology specifically for disabled people, such as hearing aids, braille typewriter, wheelchairs and more. Assistive technology or devices are means by which disabled people can achieve their individual lifestyle goals and ambitions.
Unfortunately the appropriate access to technology and assitive devices are not readily obtained in developing countries, the main obstacles being: availability, appropriateness, affordability , servicing and maintenance.
Publications and Reports
World Bank Publications
Projects and Initiatives
- International Day of Disabled Persons 2006 Theme: E-Accessibility"
December 3, 2006
The annual observance of the International Day of Disabled Persons, 3 December, aims to promote an understanding of disability issues and mobilize support for the dignity, rights and well-being of persons with disabilities. It also seeks to increase awareness of gains to be derived from the integration of persons with disabilities in every aspect of political, social, economic and cultural life. The theme of the Day is based on the goal of full and equal enjoyment of human rights and participation in society by persons with disabilities, established by the World Programme of Action concerning Disabled Persons, adopted by the General Assembly in 1982.
- World Summit on the Information Society
The first phase of WSIS was held in Geneva hosted by the Government of Switzerland from December 10th to 12th, 2003. The second phase will take place in Tunis hosted by the Government of Tunisia from November 16th to 18th, 2005.
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