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Youth Employment

Skills & Employability

Yet in many countries youth face significant difficulties in their transition to work. Some begin working too early, others cannot enter the work force, still others get stuck in low productivity work. Poverty can exacerbate outcomes such as school drop out rates and joblessness. Slow economic growth and rigid labor markets limit employment creation for young people. Lack of skills and experience often constrains youth from taking advantage of employment opportunities, while limited access to information and networks undermine young people's ability to create their own work and livelihoods. For so many young women the transition to work never takes place. Finally, many disadvantaged youth such as child laborers, young soldiers, disabled youth and youth with HIV/AIDS, need a second chance to reintegrate into the workforce.

As part of a larger emphasis on encouraging human capital investment and employment, the World Bank focus on youth employment is gaining momentum. This focus follows the publication of the World Development Report 2007 and responds to strong demand from many countries for policies and best practice on how to address youth employment issues. Some of these activities are listed under the following youth employment topic resources:

  1. Global Inventory of Interventions to Support Young Workers
  2. Global & Regional Assessments
  3. School-to-Work Transition & Skill Development
  4. Entrepreneurship & Self-employment
  5. Global Partnership for Youth Employment


Related Links ¦ Featured Resources ¦ Contact

Related Links
Featured Resources

Active Labor Market Policies for Youth: A Framework to Guide Youth Employment Interventions. (598kb pdf)
Cunningham, W., Sanchez-Puerta, M. L., and Wuermli, A. .
The World Bank (2010).

Youth and Employment in Post-conflict Countries: The Psycho-social Dimension (391kb pdf)
Rossiasco, P., O’Neil, F., Richardson, A., and Francis. P. The World Bank (2010)

Youth and Employment in Africa: The Potential, the Problem, the Promise (742kb pdf)
The World Bank (2009)

Supporting Youth at Risk: A Policy Toolkit for Middle-Income Countries.(1.5mb pdf)
Cunningham, W., Cohan, L., Naudeau, S., & McGinnis, L.
The World Bank (2008)

Youth in Africa's Labor Market (2.5mb pdf)
Garcia, M. and Fares J. (eds)
The World Bank (2008)

Youth at Risk in Latin America and the Caribbean: Understanding the Causes, Realizing the Potential (2.6mb pdf)
Cunningham, W., McGinnis, L., Garcia Verdu, R. Tesliuc, C., and Verner, D.
The World Bank (2008)

WDR 2007 Ch 3: Learning for Work & Life (390kb pdf)

WDR 2007 Ch 4: Going to Work (295kb pdf)



Mattias Lundberg, Senior Economist


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