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Safety Nets Primer

The complete collection of papers and related notes produced and/or commissioned by the World Bank Safety Nets Team is listed below and organized in reverse chronological order as follows:

  • Program Interventions – A variety of different programs can be used to provide assistance to households living in poverty and to help them deal with the impact of shocks.
  • Themes – Certain issues of program design and implementation are relevant to all types of program interventions.
  • Country Context – The type of safety net interventions and the mix of programs most appropriate will depend largely on the country specific context.
  • Special Vulnerable Groups – Social safety net interventions can be appropriate instruments to address the specific needs of special vulnerable groups in a society.

The World Bank Safety Nets Primer is intended to provide a practical resource for those engaged in the design and implementation of safety net programs around the world. Readers will find information on good practices for a variety of types of interventions, country contexts, themes and target groups, as well as current thinking of specialists and practitioners on the role of social safety nets in the broader development agenda. The Primer is designed to reflect a high standard of quality as well as a degree of consensus among the World Bank safety nets team and general practitioners on good practice and policy. For a subset of the Primer Papers, short summary Primer Notes are also available.

Denotes Social Safety Nets Primer = Paper Safety Nets Primer Note Icon = Note

Program Interventions

Denotes Social Safety Nets Primer Social Safety Nets in World Bank Lending and Analytical Work: FY2002–2007 (1.1MB PDF)
Social Protection Discussion Paper No. 0810; Publication Date: 05/08
by Annamaria Milazzo and Margaret Grosh
Safety Nets Primer Note Icon 
Related Note (633KB PDF). Also available in Español (186KB PDF).

Denotes Social Safety Nets Primer Social Safety Nets in World Bank Lending and Analytic Work: FY2002–2006 (847KB PDF)
Social Protection Discussion Paper No. 0705; Publication Date: 03/07
by Annamaria Milazzo and Margaret Grosh

 
Conditional Cash Transfer Programs
Denotes Social Safety Nets Primer Cash Transfers, Children and the Crisis: Protecting Current and Future Investments (169kb pdf)
Social Protection Discussion Paper No. 1112; Publication Date: 06/11
by Ariel Fiszbein, Dena Ringold, Santhosh Srinivasan
Denotes Social Safety Nets Primer North-South Knowledge Sharing on Incentive-based Conditional Cash Transfer Programs (124kb pdf)
Social Protection Discussion Paper No. 1101; Publication Date: 01/11
by Lawrence Aber and Laura B. Rawlings

Denotes Social Safety Nets Primer Social Policy, Perceptions and the Press: An Analysis of the Media’s Treatment of Conditional Cash Transfers in Brazil (928KB PDF)
Social Protection Discussion Paper No. 1008; Publication Date: 12/10
by Kathy Lindert and Vanina Vincensini
Related presentations in English (1.5MB PDF) and Português (1.6MB PDF)

Denotes Social Safety Nets Primer Can Conditional Cash Transfer Programs Play a Greater Role in Reducing Child Undernutrition? (588KB PDF)
Social Protection Discussion Paper No. 0835; Publication Date: 10/08
by Lucy Bassett

Denotes Social Safety Nets Primer The Nuts and Bolts of Brazil’s Bolsa Família Program: Implementing Conditional Cash Transfers in a Decentralized Context (773KB PDF)
Social Protection Discussion Paper No. 0709; Publication Date: 05/07
by Kathy Lindert, Anja Linder, Jason Hobbs and Bénédicte de la Brière

Denotes Social Safety Nets Primer Uninsured Risk and Asset Protection: Can Conditional Cash Transfer Programs Serve as Safety Nets? (250KB PDF)
Social Protection Discussion Paper No. 0604; Publication Date: 06/06
by Alain de Janvry, Elisabeth Sadoulet, Pantelis Solomon and Renos Vakis

Denotes Social Safety Nets Primer Examining Conditional Cash Transfer Programs: A Role for Increased Social Inclusion? (173KB PDF)
Social Protection Discussion Paper No. 0603; Publication Date: 06/06
by Bénédicte de la Brière and Laura B. Rawlings

Denotes Social Safety Nets Primer A New Approach to Social Assistance: Latin America’s Experience with Conditional Cash Transfer Programs (126KB PDF)
Social Protection Discussion Paper No. 0416; Publication Date: 08/04
by Laura B. Rawlings
Safety Nets Primer Note Icon 
Related Note (160KB PDF). Also available in Bahasa Indonesia(234KB PDF)  •  Español (168KB PDF)   Русский (132KB PDF)

Denotes Social Safety Nets Primer Evaluating the Impact of Conditional Cash Transfer Programs: Lessons from Latin America
World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 3119
by Laura B. Rawlings and Gloria M. Rubio; Publication Date: 08/03

Denotes Social Safety Nets Primer First International Workshop on Conditional Cash Transfer Programs: Operational Experiences (226KB PDF). Also available in Español (234KB PDF)
Final Report; Publication Date: 03/03
by Ayala Consulting Co.

 
Public Works
Denotes Social Safety Nets Primer The Design and Implementation of Public Works Programs: A Toolkit for Practitioners (2.MB PDF)
Draft, April 2010
by Kalanidhi Subbarao, Carlo del Ninno, Colin Andrews and Claudia Rodríguez-Alas
Also available in Français (1.3MB PDF).
Denotes Social Safety Nets Primer How to Make Public Works Work: A Review of the Experiences (661kb pdf)
Social Protection Discussion Paper No. 0905; Publication Date: 05/09
by Carlo del Ninno, Kalanidhi Subbarao and Annamaria Milazzo
Safety Nets Primer Note Icon Related Note (491KB PDF). Also available in Español (244KB PDF).

Denotes Social Safety Nets Primer Highly Labor-Intensive Public Works in Madagascar: Issues and Policy Options (499KB PDF)
Social Protection Discussion Paper No. 0836; Publication Date: 10/08
by Nirina Haja Andrianjaka and Annamaria Milazzo
Safety Nets Primer Note Icon 
Related Note (491KB PDF)

Denotes Social Safety Nets Primer Systemic Shocks & Social Protection: Role & Effectiveness of Public Works Programs (139KB PDF). Also available in Español (162KB PDF)  •  Français (126KB PDF)  •  Русский (382KB PDF)
Social Protection Discussion Paper No. 0302; Publication Date: 01/03
by Kalanidhi Subbarao
Safety Nets Primer Note Icon 
Related Note (56KB PDF). Also available in Bahasa Indonesia (147KB PDF)  •  Español (142KB PDF)  •  Русский (162KB PDF)

 
Food Programs
Denotes Social Safety Nets Primer Food-Based Safety Nets & Related Programs (227KB PDF). Also available in Español (244KB PDF)  •  Français (238KB PDF)  •  Русский (633KB PDF)
Social Protection Discussion Paper No. 0225; Publication Date: 09/02
by Beatrice Lorge Rogers and Jennifer Coates
Safety Nets Primer Note Icon 
Related Note (51KB PDF). Also available in Bahasa Indonesia (124KB PDF)  •  Español (137KB PDF)  •  Русский (96KB PDF)
 
Cash Transfers
Denotes Social Safety Nets Primer Assisting the Poor with Cash: Design & Implementation of Social Transfer Programs (452KB PDF). Also available in Español (453KB PDF)  •  Français (401KB PDF)  •  Русский (765KB PDF)
Social Protection Discussion Paper No. 0223; Publication Date: 09/02
by Steven R. Tabor
Safety Nets Primer Note Icon 
Related Note (61KB PDF). Also available in Bahasa Indonesia (149KB PDF)  •  Español (149KB PDF)  •  Русский (101KB PDF) 
 
Subsidies and Fee Waivers

Denotes Social Safety Nets Primer Community-Based Health Insurance and Social Protection Policy (456KB PDF)
Social Protection Discussion Paper No. 0503; Publication Date: 03/05
by Steven R. Tabor
Safety Nets Primer Note Icon 
Related Note (169KB PDF).  Also available in Español (133KB PDF)  •  Русский (99KB PDF)

Denotes Social Safety Nets Primer Waivers and Exemptions for Health Services in Developing Countries (550KB PDF). Also available in Español (671KB PDF)  •  Français (587KB PDF)
Social Protection Discussion Paper No. 0308; Publication Date: 03/03
by Ricardo Bitrán and Ursula Giedion
Safety Nets Primer Note Icon 
Related Note (54KB PDF).  Also available in Bahasa Indonesia (142KB PDF)  •  Español (144KB PDF)  •  Русский (101KB PDF)
Denotes Social Safety Nets Primer Ensuring Access to Essential Services: Demand-Side Housing Subsidies (104KB PDF). Also available in Français (111KB PDF)  •  Русский (288KB PDF)
Social Protection Discussion Paper No. 0232; Publication Date: 12/02
by Harold M. Katsura and Clare T. Romanik
Safety Nets Primer Note Icon 
Related Note (50KB PDF).  Also available in Bahasa Indonesia (130KB PDF)  •  Español (110KB PDF)  •  Русский (922KB PDF)
Denotes Social Safety Nets Primer Subsidies as a Social Safety Net: Effectiveness and Challenges (145KB PDF). Also available in Español (151KB PDF)  •  Français (166KB PDF)  •  Русский (370KB PDF)
Social Protection Discussion Paper No. 0224; Publication Date: 09/02
by Harold Alderman
Safety Nets Primer Note Icon 
Related Note (46KB PDF).  Also available in Bahasa Indonesia (131KB PDF)  •  Español (128KB PDF)  •  Русский (88KB PDF) 
 
Community Services
Denotes Social Safety Nets Primer Community-Based Social Services: Practical Advice Based Upon Lessons from Outside the World Bank (930KB PDF)
Social Protection Discussion Paper No. 0327; Publication Date: 12/03
by Dinah McLeod

Denotes Social Safety Nets Primer Redirecting Resources to Community Based Services: A Concept Paper (362KB PDF) 
Social Protection Discussion Paper No. 0311; Publication Date: 04/03
by Louise Fox and Ragnar Götestam

Denotes Social Safety Nets Primer Social Services Delivery through Community-Based Projects (310KB PDF). Also available in Español (344KB PDF)
Social Protection Discussion Paper No. 0118; Publication Date: 07/01
by Dinah McLeod and Maurizia Tovo

 
Informal Safety Nets
Denotes Social Safety Nets Primer Strengthening Public Safety Nets from the Bottom Up (117KB PDF). Also available in Español (117KB PDF)  •  Français (126KB PDF)  •  Русский (325KB PDF)
Social Protection Discussion Paper No. 0227; Publication Date: 09/02
by Jonathan Morduch and Manohar Sharma
Safety Nets Primer Note Icon 
Related Note (58KB PDF).  Also available in Bahasa Indonesia (134KB PDF)  •  Español (131KB PDF)  •  Русский (99KB PDF)
 

Themes

Top

Targeting

Denotes Social Safety Nets Primer Building a Targeting System for Bangladesh based on Proxy Means Testing (428kb pdf)
Social Protection Discussion Paper No. 0914; Publication Date: 08/09
by Iffath A. Sharif

Denotes Social Safety Nets Primer Redistributing Income to the Poor and the Rich: Public Transfers in Latin America and the Caribbean (899kb pdf)
Social Protection Discussion Paper No. 0605; Publication Date: 08/06
by Kathy Lindert, Emmanuel Skoufias and Joseph Shapiro
 
Denotes Social Safety Nets Primer La Focalización en El Programa de Desarrollo Humano Oportunidades de Mexico (307KB PDF)
Social Protection Discussion Paper No. 0531; Publication Date: 06/05
by Mónica Orozco and Cecilia Hubert
 

Denotes Social Safety Nets Primer Sistema de Identificación de la Población Objetivo: SIPO en Costa Rica (327KB PDF)
Social Protection Discussion Paper No. 0530; Publication Date: 06/05
by Roxana M. Víquez

Denotes Social Safety Nets Primer Targeting Social Spending to the Poor With Proxy–Means Testing: Colombia’s SISBEN System (301KB PDF)
Social Protection Discussion Paper No. 0529; Publication Date: 06/05
by Tarsicio Castañeda
Denotes Social Safety Nets Primer Focalización De Programas en Chile: El Sistema CAS (220KB PDF)
Social Protection Discussion Paper No. 0528; Publication Date: 06/05
by Osvaldo Larrañaga
 

Denotes Social Safety Nets Primer Reforming Brazil’s Cadastro Único to Improve the Targeting of the Bolsa Família Program (188KB PDF)
Social Protection Discussion Paper No. 0527; Publication Date: 06/05
by Bénédicte de la Brière and Kathy Lindert

Denotes Social Safety Nets Primer Designing and Implementing Household Targeting Systems: Lessons from Latin American and The United States (605KB PDF).  Also available in Português (703KB PDF)  •  Русский (1.3MB PDF)
Social Protection Discussion Paper No. 0526; Publication Date: 06/05

by Tarsicio Castañeda and Kathy Lindert, with Bénédicte de la Brière, Luisa Fernandez, Celia Hubert, Osvaldo Larrañaga, Mónica Orozco, and Roxana Viquez
Safety Nets Primer Note Icon 
Related Note (180KB PDF).  Also available in Español (164KB PDF)  •  Русский  (118KB PDF)

Denotes Social Safety Nets Primer Targeting of Transfers in Developing Countries: Review of Lessons and Experience
Also available in Español (359KB PDF)  •  Русский (1MB PDF)
Formal World Bank Publication; Publication Date: 08/04
by David Coady, Margaret Grosh and John Hoddinott
Safety Nets Primer Note Icon 
Related Note (59KB PDF).  Also available in Bahasa Indonesia (143KB PDF)  •  Español (142KB PDF)  •  Русский (101KB PDF)

Denotes Social Safety Nets Primer Community Based Targeting Mechanisms for Social Safety Nets (255KB PDF). Also available in Español (444KB PDF)
Social Protection Discussion Paper No. 0102; Publication Date: 01/01
by Jonathan Conning and Michael Kevane
 
 
Payment Mechanisms
Denotes Social Safety Nets Primer A Technology White Paper on Improving the Efficiency of Social Safety Net Program Delivery in Low Income Countries: An Introduction to Available and Emerging Mobile Technologies (2.1MB PDF)
Social Protection Discussion Paper No. 0522; Publication Date: 05/05
by Mike Gallaher
 
Denotes Social Safety Nets Primer Delivery Mechanisms of Cash Transfer Programs to the Poor in Bangladesh (584KB PDF)
Social Protection Discussion Paper No. 0520; Publication Date: 05/05
by Shaikh S. Ahmed

Denotes Social Safety Nets Primer Transferring Cash Benefits Through the Banking Sector in Colombia (366KB PDF). Also available in Español (429KB PDF)
Social Protection Discussion Paper No. 0409; Publication Date: 05/04
by Maria Teresa Lafaurie and Claudia A. Velasquez Leiva

 
Political Economy & Institutions
Denotes Social Safety Nets Primer Strengthening Governance of Social Safety Nets in East Asia (513KB PDF)
Social Protection Discussion Paper No. 1116; Publication Date: 08/11
by Sara Giannozzi and Asmeen Khan
Denotes Social Safety Nets Primer Social Policy, Perceptions and the Press: An Analysis of the Media’s Treatment of Conditional Cash Transfers in Brazil (928KB PDF)
Social Protection Discussion Paper No. 1008; Publication Date: 12/10
by Kathy Lindert and Vanina Vincensini

Denotes Social Safety Nets Primer Brazil’s Bolsa Escola Program: The Role of Local Governance in Decentralized Implementation (267KB PDF)
Social Protection Discussion Paper No. 0542; Publication Date: 12/05
by Alain de Janvry, Frederico Finan, Elisabeth Sadoulet, Donald Nelson, Kathy Lindert, Bénédicte de la Brière and Peter Lanjouw

Denotes Social Safety Nets Primer A Lecture on the Political Economy of Targeted Safety Nets (706KB PDF)
Social Protection Discussion Paper No. 0501; Publication Date: 01/05
by Lant Pritchett
Safety Nets Primer Note Icon 
Related Note (167KB PDF).  Also available in Español (137KB PDF)  •  Русский (100KB PDF)

Denotes Social Safety Nets Primer Institutional Analysis Toolkit for Safety Net Interventions(215KB PDF)
Social Protection Discussion Paper No. 0418; Publication Date: 08/04
by Inke Mathauer
Safety Nets Primer Note Icon 
Related Note (131KB PDF).  Also available in Español (149KB PDF)
 
Denotes Social Safety Nets Primer Public Attitudes Matter: A Conceptual Frame for Accounting for Political Economy in Safety Nets and Social Assistance Policies (179KB PDF). Also available in Français (194KB PDF)  •  Русский (542KB PDF)
Social Protection Discussion Paper No. 0233; Publication Date: 12/02
by Carol Graham
Safety Nets Primer Note Icon 
Related Note (61KB PDF). Also available in Bahasa Indonesia (145KB PDF)  •  Español (147KB PDF)  •  Русский (102KB PDF)

Denotes Social Safety Nets Primer Incentives and the Role of Institutions in the Provision of Social Safety Nets (114KB PDF). Also available in Français (127KB PDF)  •  Русский (329KB PDF)
Social Protection Discussion Paper No. 0226; Publication Date: 09/02
by Chris de Neubourg
Safety Nets Primer Note Icon Related Note (56KB PDF). Also available in Bahasa Indonesia (132KB PDF)  •  Español (137KB PDF)  •  Русский (168KB PDF)

 
Diagnostics
Denotes Social Safety Nets Primer Building Results Frameworks for Safety Nets Projects (915KB PDF)
Social Protection Discussion Paper No. 1218; Publication Date: 10/12
by Gloria M. Rubio

Denotes Social Safety Nets Primer Measuring Governance and Service Delivery in Safety Net Programs (514KB PDF)
Social Protection Discussion Paper No. 1119; Publication Date: 09/11
by Gloria M. Rubio

Denotes Social Safety Nets Primer Impact Evaluation of Social Programs: A Policy Perspective (107KB PDF)
Revised Draft, Publication Date: 09/03
by John Blomquist
Safety Nets Primer Note Icon 
Related Note (59KB PDF).  Also available in Bahasa Indonesia (134KB PDF)  •  Español (144KB PDF)  •  Русский (102KB PDF)

Denotes Social Safety Nets Primer Social Safety Net Assessments from Central America: Cross-Country Review of Principal Findings (181KB PDF)
Social Protection Discussion Paper No. 0316; Publication Date: 08/03
by José Silvério Marques
 

 
Spending

Denotes Social Safety Nets Primer Levels and Patterns of Safety Net Spending in Developing and Transition Countries (421KB PDF)
Social Protection Discussion Paper No. 0817; Publication Date: 06/08
by Christine Weigand and Margaret Grosh
Safety Nets Primer Note Icon 
Related Note (619KB PDF).  Also available in Español (196KB PDF).

Denotes Social Safety Nets Primer Benchmarking Government Provision of Social Safety Nets (714KB PDF). Also available in Русский (883KB PDF)
Social Protection Discussion Paper No. 0315; Publication Date: 08/03
by Timothy Besley, Robin Burgess and Imran Rasul
 
Miscellaneous
Denotes Social Safety Nets Primer Toolkit on Tackling Error, Fraud and Corruption in Social Protection Programs (580kb pdf)
Social Protection Discussion Paper No. 1002; Publication Date: 03/10
by Christian van Stolk and Emil D. Tesliuc

Denotes Social Safety Nets Primer Management Information Systems in Social Safety Net Programs: A Look at Accountability and Control Mechanisms (370KB PDF)
Social Protection Discussion Paper No. 0819; Publication Date: 08/08
by Cesar Baldeon and Maria D. Arribas-Baños
Safety Nets Primer Note Icon 
Related Note (269KB PDF)

Safety Nets Primer Note Icon Reducing Error, Fraud and Corruption (EFC) in Social Protection Programs (347KB PDF).  Also available in Español (206KB PDF)  •  Русский (244KB PDF)
Safety Nets Primer Note No. 26, 2007
by Emil Tesliuc and Annamaria Milazzo

Denotes Social Safety Nets Primer Targeted Transfers in Poor Countries: Revisiting the Trade-Offs and Policy Options (129KB PDF). Also available in Español (144KB PDF)
Social Protection Discussion Paper No. 0314; Publication Date: 05/03
by Martin Ravallion
Safety Nets Primer Note Icon 
Related Note (47KB PDF).  Also available in Bahasa Indonesia (133KB PDF)  •  Español (141KB PDF)  •  Русский (92KB PDF)

Denotes Social Safety Nets Primer Vulnerability and Poverty Measurement Issues for Public Policy (153KB PDF).  Also available in Español (161KB PDF)  •  Français (159KB PDF)
Social Protection Discussion Paper No. 0230; Publication Date: 12/02
by Jean-Yves Duclos

Denotes Social Safety Nets Primer Implementing Means-Tested Welfare Systems in the United States (277KB PDF).  Also available in Русский (629KB PDF)
Social Protection Discussion Paper No. 0532; Publication Date: 06/05
by Kathy Lindert

 

 Country Context 

Top

Low Income

Denotes Social Safety Nets Primer Performance of Social Safety Net Programs in Uttar Pradesh (538KB PDF)
Social Protection Discussion Paper No. 0714; Publication Date: 10/07
by Mohamed Ihsan Ajwad

Denotes Social Safety Nets Primer Food Aid and Food Security in the Short- and Long Run: Country Experience from Asia and sub-Saharan Africa (675KB PDF)
Social Protection Discussion Paper No. 0538; Publication Date: 11/05
by Carlo del Ninno, Paul A. Dorosh and Kalanidhi Subbarao
 
Denotes Social Safety Nets Primer Household’s Vulnerability to Shocks in Zambia (282KB PDF)
Social Protection Discussion Paper No. 0536; Publication Date: 09/05
by Carlo del Ninno and Alessandra Marini
Denotes Social Safety Nets Primer Mitigating Social Risks in Kyrgyz Republic (188KB PDF)
Social Protection Discussion Paper No. 0408; Publication Date: 04/04
by Emil Daniel Tesliuc
 
Denotes Social Safety Nets Primer Testing Vietnam's Public Safety Net (116KB PDF)
Social Protection Discussion Paper No. 0319; Publication Date: 10/03
by Dominique van de Walle
 
Denotes Social Safety Nets Primer What Role for Safety Net Transfers in Very Low Income Countries? (170KB PDF).  Also available in Español (204KB PDF)  •  Français (223KB PDF)  •  Русский (442KB PDF)
Social Protection Discussion Paper No. 0301; Publication Date: 01/03
by W. James Smith and Kalanidhi Subbarao
Safety Nets Primer Note Icon 
Related Note (208KB PDF).  Also available in Bahasa Indonesia (134KB PDF)  •  Español (139KB PDF)  •  Русский (97KB PDF)
 
 
Transition
Denotes Social Safety Nets Primer Safety Nets in Transition Economies: A Primer (158KB PDF).  Also available in Français (173KB PDF)
Social Protection Discussion Paper No. 0306; Publication Date: 03/03
by Louise Fox
Safety Nets Primer Note Icon Related Note (53KB PDF).  Also available in Bahasa Indonesia (133KB PDF)  •  Español (138KB PDF)  •  Русский (123KB PDF)
Denotes Social Safety Nets Primer Safety Nets in Transition Economies: Toward a Reform Strategy (189KB PDF)
Social Protection Discussion Paper No. 9914; Publication Date: 06/99
by Emily S. Andrews and Dena Ringold
 
OECD 
Denotes Social Safety Nets Primer Social Safety Nets and Targeted Social Assistance: Lessons from the European Experience (376KB PDF)
Social Protection Discussion Paper No. 0718; Publication Date: 11/07
by Chris de Neubourg, Julie Castonguay and Keetie Roelen

Safety Nets Primer Note Icon Social Safety Nets in OECD Countries (227KB PDF)
Social Safety Nets Primer Note No. 25, Publication Date: 03/06
by Emil Tesliuc

 
Crisis
Denotes Social Safety Nets Primer Do Social Benefits Respond to Crises? Evidence from Europe & Central Asia During the Global Crisis (2.5MB PDF)
Social Protection Discussion Paper No. 1219; Publication Date: 11/12
by Aylin Isik-Dikmelik
Denotes Social Safety Nets Primer Cash for Work in Sierra Leone: A Case Study on the Design and Implementation of a Safety Net in Response to a Crisis (780KB PDF)
Social Protection Discussion Paper No. 1216; Publication Date: 11/12
by Colin Andrews, Mirey Ovadiya, Christophe Ribes Ros and Quentin Wodon
Denotes Social Safety Nets Primer Assessing Safety Net Readiness in Response to Food Price Volatility (871KB PDF)
Social Protection Discussion Paper No. 1118; Publication Date: 09/11
by Margaret Grosh, Colin Andrews, Rodrigo Quintana and Claudia Rodriguez-Alas
Denotes Social Safety Nets Primer Social Safety Nets in Fragile States: A Community-Based School Feeding Program in Togo (408KB PDF).  Also available in Français (487KB PDF)
Social Protection Discussion Paper No. 1117; Publication Date: 08/11
by Colin Andrews, Elena Galliano, Carolyn Turk and Giuseppe Zampaglione
Denotes Social Safety Nets Primer Liberia’s Cash For Work Temporary Employment Project: Responding to Crisis in Low Income, Fragile Countries (228KB PDF)
Social Protection Discussion Paper No. 1114; Publication Date: 07/11
by Colin Andrews, Prospère Backiny-Yetna, Emily Garin, Emily Weedon, Quentin Wodon and Giuseppe Zampaglione
Denotes Social Safety Nets Primer Natural Disasters: What is the Role for Social Safety Nets? (834kb pdf)
Social Protection Discussion Paper No. 1102; Publication Date: 02/11
by Larissa Pelham, Edward Clay and Tim Braunholz
Safety Nets Primer Note Icon Related Note (588KB PDF)

Denotes Social Safety Nets Primer Social Safety Nets in Response to Crisis: Lessons and Guidelines from Asia and Latin America (136KB PDF).  Also available in Español (24KB PDF).
Draft; Publication Date: 02/01
by John Blomquist, Marijn Verhoeven, Juan Pablo Cordoba, César Bouillon and Patricia Moser

 
Post-conflict 

Denotes Social Safety Nets Primer Living in Limbo: Conflict-Induced Displacement in Europe and Central Asia
Formal World Bank Publication; Publication Date: 06/04
by Steven B. Holtzman and Taies Nezam

Denotes Social Safety Nets Primer Emerging from Ethnic Conflict: Challenges for Social Protection Design in Transition Countries (179KB PDF).  Also available in Русский (553KB PDF)
Social Protection Discussion Paper No. 0229; Publication Date: 12/02
by Christian Bodewig

 

Special Vulnerable Groups

Top

The Elderly

Denotes Social Safety Nets Primer Aging and Poverty in Africa and the Role of Social Pensions (329KB PDF)
Social Protection Discussion Paper No. 0521; Publication Date: 05/05
by Nanak Kakwani and Kalanidhi Subbarao
Safety Nets Primer Note Icon 
Related Note (163KB PDF).  Also available in Español (133KB PDF)  •  Русский (93KB PDF)

 
Gender
Denotes Social Safety Nets Primer Gender and Risk in the Design of Social Protection Interventions (200KB PDF). Also available in Français (227KB PDF)
Social Protection Discussion Paper No. 0231; Publication Date: 12/02
by Kene Ezemenari, Nazmul Chaudhury and Janet Owens
 
 
People with Disabilities

Denotes Social Safety Nets Primer Disability and Social Safety Nets in Developing Countries (195KB PDF)
Social Protection Discussion Paper No. 0509; Publication Date: 05/05
by Sophie Mitra
Safety Nets Primer Note Icon 
Related Note (166KB PDF).  Also available in Español (145KB PDF)  •  Русский (101KB PDF)

 
Orphans and Vulnerable Children
Safety Nets Primer Note Icon Toolkit for Programming Assistance to Orphans and Vulnerable Children (OVC) in Sub-Saharan Africa (207KB PDF).  Also available in Español (226KB PDF)  •  Русский (91KB PDF)
Social Safety Net Primer Note No. 17; Publication Date: 2005
by Maurizia Tovo, Menahem Prywes, Anne Kielland, Catherine Gibbons and Junko Saito
Denotes Social Safety Nets Primer Costs of Projects for Orphans and Other Vulnerable Children: Case Studies in Eritrea and Benin (130KB PDF)
Social Protection Discussion Paper No. 0414; Publication Date: 07/04
by Menahem Prywes, Diane Coury, Gebremeskel Fesseha, Gilberte Hounsounou and Anne Kielland
Safety Nets Primer Note Icon 
Related Note (130KB PDF).  Also available in Bahasa Indonesia (300KB PDF)  •  Español (143KB PDF)  •  Русский (99KB PDF)
 

Denotes Social Safety Nets Primer Supporting and Expanding Community-Based HIV/AIDS Prevention and Care Responses: A Report on Save the Children (US) Malawi COPE Project (156KB PDF)
Social Protection Discussion Paper No. 0211; Publication Date: 05/02
by Susan S. Hunter

Denotes Social Safety Nets Primer World Vision's Experience Working with HIV/AIDS Orphans in Uganda 1990-1995 (123KB PDF)
Social Protection Discussion Paper No. 0210; Publication Date: 05/02
by Joe Muwonge
 
Denotes Social Safety Nets Primer Long-Term Welfare and Investment Impact of AIDS-Related Changes in Family Composition: Evidence from Uganda (100KB PDF)
Social Protection Discussion Paper No. 0207; Publication Date: 05/02
by Klaus Deininger, Anja Crommelynck and Gloria Kempaka
 

Denotes Social Safety Nets Primer Orphans and Other Vulnerable Children: What Role for Social Protection? (191KB PDF)
Social Protection Discussion Paper No. 0126; Publication Date: 10/01
edited by Anthony Levine

Denotes Social Safety Nets Primer Reaching Out to Africa's Orphans: A Framework for Public Action
Reader’s Guide & Executive Summary (17KB PDF)
Formal World Bank Publication; Publication Date: 08/04
by Kalanidhi Subbarao and Diane Coury
Safety Nets Primer Note Icon 
Related Note (272KB PDF).  Also available in Español (139KB PDF)  •  Русский (93KB PDF)

Denotes Social Safety Nets Primer Social Protection of Africa's Orphans and Vulnerable Children: Issues and Good Practice Program Options
Africa Human Development Working Paper Series No. 22909; Publication Date: 08/01
by Kalanidhi Subbarao, Angel Mattimore and Kathrin Plangemann

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