David Evans, AFTRL, World Bank
Junko Onishi, EASIS, World Bank
Samantha de Silva, Sr. Social Protection Specialist, HDNSP, World Bank
Laura Frigenti, Country Director, LCC2C, World Bank
Conditional Cash Transfers (CCT) programs have become increasingly popular as a means to provide both short term poverty relief (by increasing the availability of resources in the household) as well as an opportunity for long-term investment in human capital (through conditions linked to education and health goals). In spite of CCTs success in many countries around the world, attempts to implement these programs in countries with low institutional capacity have been less frequent. In these contexts, arrangements that privilege local or traditional forms of organization may provide a more feasible alternative to achieve CCTs short and long term goals.
Two recent projects build upon this notion and aim to provide an innovative model for delivering CCTs in Africa and Southeast Asia. The Tanzania Community-based Conditional Cash Transfer (CBCCT) Pilot aims to test whether and how a CCT program could be implemented through a social fund using a community-driven development (CDD) approach. The Indonesia Community CCT Pilot builds upon the extensive CDD experience of the Kecamatan Development Program (KDP) and aims to enable communities to invest in public goods through collective decision-making processes. Both CCT Pilots have designed comprehensive and innovative Impact Evaluations to test the effectiveness of a community-based approach to CCTs vis-à-vis other centrally administered models in achieving positive impacts on health and education goals. Lessons provided by these evaluations will be valuable for designing and implementing future CCT interventions.
Highlight key aspects of Community-Based CCT programs and discuss their potential advantages and challenges vis-à-vis conventional CCT programs;
Discuss innovative aspects and challenges in the design of CBCCT programs;
Share lessons and challenges in designing and implementing CCT Impact Evaluations.
Presentations & Background Materials
"Testing Community-based Conditional Cash Transfers" (24kb pdf)
by Samantha de Silva
"Community CCT in Indonesia: The Generasi Project" (81kb pdf)
by Junko Onishi
"Tanzania Community-Based Conditional Cash Transfer (CB-CCT) Pilot" (147kb pdf)
by David Evans