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Air Transport Security



Security Projects
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Aviation security has already been a prime issue before the events of September 11, 2001. However, the economic impact of security on air travel has never been so dramatized as in the following year, with air travel only now returning to previous levels.

The World Bank has client countries where tourism has become the main source of revenue, and any decline in travel brings further hardship to their economies. In addition, the events have caused an overall re-assessment of security procedures, with the United States becoming far more selective in permitting flights from foreign countries entering the U.S., and more stringent rules being applied world-wide. Only carriers now certified by the U.S. TSA are allowed to fly into the U.S., and only from last point of departure airports approved by the TSA.

ICAO has created an Aviation Security Plan of Action and launched the Universal Security Audit Program. The country audits have been considered confidential, however the pressure to bring regions up to standard has now caused ICAO to encourage sharing the results bilaterally or multilaterally among States.

In this environment, developing countries are facing new hurdles, and those that are not able to respond to the new security requirements will be increasingly excluded from the international air transport network. Foreign carriers will have to consider increased security related costs for non-secure destinations. Routings will need to be adjusted according to the security requirements of the arriving airport.

The Bank will often be considered the prime institution for costly security related infrastructure financing in developing countries (e.g. airport perimeter fencing). For example, the Bank has financed an airport security enhancement project for the OECS states of Granada, St. Vincent, St. Lucia, Dominica, and St. Christopher and Nevis. Elements included but were not limited to extensive new airport fencing, patrol vehicles, and baggage x-ray machines.

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