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Overall Institutional Structures

Responsibility for road management is thus typically divided amongst a large number of central and local government organizations. There may also be a number of private roads, together with roads where temporary ownership has been delegated to a private sector organization under a concession agreement. Within the context of such divided responsibility, it is important to have an institutional framework that clearly identifies who is responsible for what. Road managers cannot be held accountable for the condition of the road network unless ownership responsibilities are assigned clearly. This requires an overall institutional structure that specifies how each part of the road network is to be managed. The institutional framework (PDF 95 KB) has to cover responsibilities for trunk roads, regional and rural roads, and urban roads. It should also cover the lowest levels of the road network that may remain undesignated, with responsibility left in the hands of local communities, or adjoining property owners.