In today’s global trading environment, supply chains intertwine seamlessly through countries and regions and trading has essentially become a 24/7 business. Having an inefficient and inadequate transportation, logistics and trade-related infrastructure and services can severely impede a country’s ability to compete on a global scale. In particular, developing countries and especially those that are landlocked, face considerable challenges when it comes to tackling trade facilitation issues. Recognizing this, the World Bank’s trade facilitation experts have developed a range of toolkits, data tools and publications that will help developing countries improve their trade facilitation efforts. These products include a database that provides a comprehensive cross-country benchmark for logistics performance, a diagnostic toolkit for trade and transport facilitation, a book that addresses the magnitude and nature of logistics costs borne by landlocked developing countries and a series of handbooks that tackle the issue of streamlining customs and border clearance procedures through comprehensive border management reform. Moreover, the Trade Facilitation Facility (TFF), a multi-donor trust fund launched in April 2009, has supported a pipeline of projects throughout Africa, as well as regional transportation integration projects in East Asia and the Pacific, Europe and Central Asia and Latin America.
- The 2012 Logistics Performance Index (LPI) Report and Database:
The Logistics Performance Index (LPI) measures how well countries connect to international logistics networks. It helps countries identify the challenges and opportunities they face in their trade logistics performance and what they can do to improve. Based on a worldwide survey of operators on the ground—such as global freight forwarders and express carriers—the LPI provides in-depth knowledge and feedback on the logistics “friendliness” of the countries in which the operators do business and those with which they trade. It provides an informed qualitative assessment of the global logistics environment for the benefit of government and trade practitioners alike. In addition to the report, the website features the LPI as an interactive cross-country benchmarking tool with data for three years: 2007, 2010 and 2012.
Trade and Transport Facilitation Audit (TTFA) - the Toolkit and Interview Guide
The TTFA includes a practical toolkit and interview guide that identifies inefficiencies in international supply chains that constrain trade competitiveness, in an effort to help countries develop strategies for reform and investment to enhance trade competitiveness. It can be used to develop a comprehensive diagnosis of operational and procedural constraints to trade and trade-related transportation services. The revised version is an updated edition of the 2001 edition, and was prepared in response to increasing demand for analytical work in the area of trade facilitation and logistics.
Cost of Being Landlocked
About one in five countries in the world is landlocked; twenty out of 54 low-income economies are landlocked, the majority of them in Sub-Saharan Africa, while only 3 of 35 high-income economies are landlocked. The lack of access to maritime trade and logistics systems presents serious challenges for many Landlocked Developing Countries. This book presents a new analytical framework to understand the causes, structure and constraints of logistics costs for Landlocked Developing Countries. Combining theoretical research, data/facts and field examples in project preparation and implementation, this book fills an important information gap in assessing the transport/logistics costs involved in being landlocked. Based on extensive data collection in several regions of the world, this book argues that although landlocked developing countries do face high logistics costs, these do not result from poor road infrastructure per se. High logistics costs also depend on low logistics reliability and predictability, which are heavily influenced by rent-seeking and governance issues.
Other trade facilitation projects/events by the World Bank:
Learn more about what we do in trade facilitation: