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Grants & Pilots

During Fiscal 1999-2000,  the Gender and Transport Thematic Group approved grants to projects in various countries in all regions of the Bank to conduct planning studies, design pilot projects and conduct evaluations to help integrate gender into transport projects and policies. The proposals, methodologies and progress reports are presented below.
Africa G&PGhanaGuineaIvory CoastLesotho


Africa: Incorporating gender into the Africa regional transport strategy (FY99)
Although some argue that rural and urban transport projects should be gender sensitive, there is less recognition that gender sensitivity is important in the broader aspects of transport, including regional/national road systems, railways, ports, and aviation.  This grant provided an opportunity to explicitly include gender in a regional transport strategy.  A transport economist was contracted to review the strategy and build in a gender framework.  The end product comprised a review of existing literature, interviews to determine issues, constraints and opportunities for integrating women´s  concerns in the African transport sector, and identification of specific activities to test the strategy.
Status:   Final report available. Regional transport strategy being finalized. 
Documents available: Africa Regional Proposal, Final Report (English)
Contact: Susanne Holste (Africa Transport Division AFTT2)
Elizabeth Rankin (Consultant)
Updated February 2000

Ghana: Integrating Gender into the Rural Transport Project (FY99)
The study assessed travel demands and constraints of rural women, collected data on existing rural transport services, assessed how the legal, regulatory and transport policy environment impacts on women´s and men´s travel preferences, reviewed the potential for expansion of services and promoting women´s use of services, and evaluated the funding needs for such services.  This was done by conducting a survey of male and female rural transport users, identifying and defining project interventions, doing a feasibility study, and developing monitoring indicators.  The report is being used as input in a series of workshops being held in Ghana in spring and summer 2000.  The results and recommendations from the workshops will be the basis for the National Rural Transport Strategy being prepared by the government.  The study will also serve as an input in the preparation of a new road sector development project.
Status: Draft  final report available.  
Documents available:  Ghana Proposal, Progress Report (English).  
Contact:  Susanne Holste (Africa Transport AFTT2)
Updated February 2000

Guinea: Gender and Transport Interventions (FY99)
This study, funded by the Africa Rural Travel and Transport Program, is being used as background material for the preparation of a Rural Mobility component for the Second  Rural Infrastructure Project.  The report was prepared by a team of international, regional and local transport and gender specialists, who reviewed social and economic conditions which may be determinants in the use of bicycles by women. 
Documents available:   Guinea 1999 Report (English), Guinea 1999 Summary (French), Guinea 1999 Report (French). 
Contact:  (Africa Transport AFTT2)
Updated February 2000

Guinea: Pilot Bicycle Component Based on Gender and Transport Study (FY99-00) 
Access to bikes was identified by the Gender and Transport study as a promising way to increase women´s mobility.  As part of the preparation for the Second National Rural Infrastructure Project, the Government of Guinea has requested assistance from the World Bank to carry out four rural mobility pilots. This activity is being cofinanced by a grant from the Gender and Transport Thematic Group and a PPF for the project. The pilots will be carried out with the assistance of a local NGO, EUPD, and the South African NGO, Afribike. The pilot will provide micro-credit for the purchase of bicycles, training and information to the beneficiaries and training for mechanics. Results from the pilot will be used to design a full-scale component.
Grant approved.  
Documents available: Mission report Afribike (English) Guinea 2000 proposal (English),  Grant request (French), Feasibility study (English), Afribike Training Course report and photos 
Contact: (Africa Transport AFTT2)
Updated February 2000

Ivory Coast: Developing Rural Transport Services Accessible to Women in Remote Areas through Low-Cost Motor-Powered Tricycles (FY01)
The project will introduce motor-powered tricycles (moto-tricycle tricycle a bac)  for the transport of female students and to transport women's agricultural produce in a remote region in the North. The evaluation will assess the effectiveness of project implementation and the social and economic impacts of women's and girl's increased access to transport services.  The project has been receiving strong political support and request for information and help from other regions of the Ivory Coast as well as other African countries.
Status: The grant was approved in December 200 and the project will be completed by
February 2002. 
Reports Available: Proposal (English); Progress Report Feb 2001 (English); Guide for maintenance and use of the moto-tricycles (French); Progress Report June 2001 (English). 
Contact: Siele Silue: Africa Transport (AFTTR).
Updated June 2001

Lesotho - Lessons and Impacts of Women´s Participation in Road Construction and Maintenance (FY00) 
Road Maintenance is an important source of income and employment for women.  Women are 60% of the labor force in the Road Rehabilitation and Maintenance Project (RRMP),  a “Food for Work” program of the government.  The grant will be used for a study to assess the impact of women´s participation in road maintenance and to design a component to bring women into the mainstream of road maintenance operations while improving their working conditions.  To achieve these objectives local consultants will conduct interviews with road maintenance staff, female laborers and their households and observe road maintenance groups.
Status: Grant approved. 
Documents available:  Lesotho Proposal (English)
Contact: (Africa Transport AFTT1)
Updated February 2002

Madagascar - Promoting Intermediate Means of Transport for Women in Antemoro (FY01) 
The purpose of the grant is to evaluate the implementation and the social and economic impacts of a pilot project to promote rural women's access to intermediate means of transport (IMT) in Antemoro in Fianarantsoa Province. Studies have found that many women travel up to 15 km per day to collect water and fuel and to work on their farms, and that this can increase up to 20 km when produce has to be marketed. The project will be directed to female headed households who are members of the Anakavy-Amin-Dreny women's association. Given the limited resources of most households, credit will be provided to women's groups and IMT will be owned and managed communally. The project will introduce and evaluate: wheelbarrows for short trips of up to 500 meters, rickshaws for medium trips up to 5 km, and motor-powered tricycles for distances between 5 km and 20 km. The project will be managed by a national NGO LALANA.
Status: The grant was approved in December 2000 and the project will be completed and the evaluation report will be ready in approximately 12 months. Documents available: Summary proposal (English), Proposition (Francais)  Promotion De Moyens Intermediaires De Transport Pour Les Femmes Antemoro Dans La Zone De Lokomby ; Progress Report June 2001 (English) ;  June 2001 Report on the Organization of the Savings and Credit Association to support the project (French)
Susanne Holste, Senior Transport Specialist, Africa Technical Department(AFTTR)
Updated July 2001

Niger: Incorporating Gender into the Rural Infrastructure Project (FY99)
This grant funded a gender component of a study to review the links between transport and poverty in Niger.  It also funded a gender specialist to improve the research team´s capacity to focus on critical aspects of women´s role and importance in the transport chain in Niger.  A local consultant conducted a survey with rural women and interviews with key stakeholders to build the gender component into Niger´s transport infrastructure rehabilitation project.  It was concluded that women suffer most from inadequate access to transport facilities and that there is a direct link between transport availability and accessibility and economic development.  The study recommended actions on the part of the government, financial institutions, and women themselves to improve the transport sector, women´s access to credit, and to build capacity, respectively.
Status:   Surveys completed and draft report prepared. Report available on the methodology available. Grant approved. 
Documents available: Niger Proposal (English), Niger Progress Report (French), Methodology (French) 
Contact: Jean-Noel Guillossou (Africa Transport AFTT2), Mariam Taleb (Niger Resident Mission) 
Updated February 2000

Mozambique: Gender in Roads and Bridges Management and Maintenance Program(FY02)Status: Grant approved. 
Documents available: Proposal (English)  
Contact: Abdelmoula M. Ghzala and Subash C. Seth (Africa Region Transport AFTTR)
Updated January 2002

Senegal: Pilot Bicycle Component Based on Gender and Transport Study (FY99-00)
Access to bikes was identified by the Gender and Transport study as a promising way to increase women´s mobility. The RTTP Senegal therefore applied for a grant from RTTP´s Gender and Rural Transport Initiative and is currently awaiting approval. Matching funding is being sought from the Second Transport Sector Project (TSP2) and the National rural Infrastructure Project. (NRIP). A pilot community was selected which is also being supported by NRIP and will have access to training and micro-credit for the purchase of bicycles. A series of studies will be carried out to monitor the impact of the pilot. It is expected that the action will be mainstreamed into the NRIP, TSP2, and other donor-funded projects. A cooperation between the Senegalese NGO, OSDIL, and the South African NGO, Afribike, is being promoted.
Status: Study and report completed. Grant approved.   
Documents available: Mission Report Afribike (English), Senegal Proposal (English), Senegal Progress report Presentation (English), Grant request (French), Pilot summary description (French), Feasibility Study (English), Afribike Training Course report and photos.  
Contact: Susanne Holste (Africa Transport Division AFTT2)
Updated February 2000

Tanzania: Incorporating Gender Monitoring into the Village Travel and Transport Project (VTTP) (FY99) While Tanzanian women are primarily responsible for transporting water, fuel, and grain, they have the most limited access to means of transport and must headload a high proportion of these goods.  This grant helped fund a gender-responsive monitoring and evaluation system for the VTTP to ensure that it responds to the needs of both sexes and increases the gender-awareness of project management.  It funded local consultants to prepare a review of gender-related transport issues in the pilot VTTP districts and cover some of the costs of a workshop on developing a gender-sensitive monitoring and evaluation system for village transport projects.  Some of the gender specific information addressed included:  transport, constraints on women´s dual roles, identification of women´s and men´s unsatisfied transport needs, the level of women´s involvement in project design and implementation, project impacts on women, and the cost-effectiveness of transport vs. non-transport interventions.
Status: Review paper completed and workshop held in July 1999. Draft final report submitted. Guidelines for designing monitoring and evaluation system completed and published on web site. Grant approved. 
Documents available: Tanzania Proposal (English), Proposed Monitoring and Evaluation System (English). 
Contact:  George Banjo (AFTT1 Harare);  Michael Bamberger
Updated December 1999

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Bangladesh: Review of Gender Dimensions in the Bank’s Transport Projects (FY99)
The study documented and assessed initiatives carried out under three projects (two rural roads and markets projects and one urban transport project) to promote increased women´s participation in decision-making and increased benefits for women.  The study aimed to assess these projects´ impacts on women, particularly the poor and destitute, document participatory mechanisms for including women´s needs and interests in project design, and identify socio-cultural factors affecting women´s ability to benefit from the projects.
Status: Study and report completed. Final report now available on this website. (Review workshop tentatively planned ) Grant approved.
Documents available: Bangladesh Gender Dimensions Proposal (English), Bangladesh Gender dimensions Report (English).
Contacts: Thampil Pankaj (South Asia Infrastructure)
Santhadevi Meenakshy (Consultant)
Updated February 2000

Bangladesh: Incorporating Gender into the Community Road Safety Project (FY99)
The project aimed to reduce the incidence of accidents and improve community safety through local participation in design and implementation of road safety programs.  Three components of the project included awareness, advocacy and educational campaigns for users of transport, community members and government personnel, capacity building of NGOs and CBOs, and institutional strengthening of the National Road Safety Council.  Although statistics are not readily available, it is believed that female pedestrians may suffer higher rates of accidents than men. Women also frequently have less voice in transport project design.  For these reasons, a gender pilot project was implemented to collect data on gender issues in road safety, conduct workshops focusing on women´s NGOs and women´s groups, build capacity, document good operational experiences, and design gender performance (monitoring and evaluation) indicators
Status: Surveys completed and draft paper being revised.  Grant approved. PowerPoint presentation on this project also available. 
Documents available: Bangladesh community road safety proposal (English), Bangladesh road safety project presentation (English)
Updated December 1999

China - Urumqi Social Survey Work on Gender and Urban Transport (FY00)
The project will contract specialists to assist with the in-depth analysis of an urban transport survey which examines the transport characteristics and needs of four vulnerable groups:  women, the poor, minorities, and transients.  It aims to improve the understanding of fare increase affordability and willingness-to-pay for improved services for use in project studies on public transport reform, service planning and project design.
Status: Grant approved. 
Documents available: China Proposal (English)
Contact: Tilly Chang (East Asia & Pacific Transport EASTR)
Updated February 2000

India - Study of the Transport Needs and Constraints of Poor Working Women (FY00)
The Self-Employed Women´s Association (SEWA) is conducting a study of the transport needs and constraints of its members working in sectors such as headloading, vegetable vending and rag picking. The study will be used to design a pilot project to provide microcredit through the SEWA Bank to facilitate poor working women´s access to transport.
Status: Grant approved. 
Documents available: India Proposal (English)
Contact:  Michael Bamberger
Updated February 2000

Pakistan - Study of Rural Access and Mobility in Pakistan with a Special Focus on Gender (FY01)
This study aims at furthering the poverty alleviation agenda by identifying critical transport constraints and helping improving access and mobility in rural Pakistan, with a special focus on the needs of women. The study is being taken up in conjunction with the preparation of a new Country Assistance Strategy for Pakistan and the update of related sector strategy notes. The study findings are also expected to feed into the National Transport Policy for Pakistan that is currently in preparation. The objective of the study is to review the specific situation of rural access and mobility (including infrastructure and transport services) in rural Pakistan, to assess the required steps to improve these, recommend approaches to help respond to these needs and priorities, particularly of women and the rural poor, and disseminate the findings and recommendations among key stakeholders.
Status: The grant was approved in December 2000 and the project will be completed by December 2001.   Field work and desk reviews began in March 2001and the bulk of the field work will be completed by June 30, 2001, However, the final report will not be submitted until 2001 as data collection turned out to be more time consuming than anticipated due to fragmented institutional responsibilities and poor record keeping, and because of the decision to expand the transport survey from two to eight districts.  A field survey report will be completed by August 15 and an analysis of issues and options by September 30. The draft final report will be circulated in October and stakeholder consultations are planned for November with the finalization of the report in December 2001.
Documents available: Proposal, Concept Note and the following Research Tools: Travel Dairy, Village Profile, Household Questionnaire, and Survey form for transport vendors. Gender issues are incorporated into all of the data collection instruments.
Contact: Navaid Qureshi (SASIN- Islamabad Office)
Updated: June  2001


Ecuador: Gender and Transport Needs Assessment for Rural Roads Project (FY02)
Status: Grant approved. 
Documents available:
Proposal (English) 
 Maria Corriea and Annika Tornqvist Jose Luis Irigoyen (Latin America & Caribbean Region Gender Sector LCSPG) 
Updated January 2002

Nicaragua:  The Poverty Reduction and Gender Impact of Rural Transport and Road Maintenance Microenterprises (FY02)
Status: Grant approved. 
Documents available: Proposal (English)  
Contact: Emmanuel James and Florencia Castro-Leal (Latin America and Caribbean Region  Transport Cluster LCSFT and Poverty Sector LCSPP)
Updated January 2002

Peru - Lima Social Assessment of the Gender Issues in a Bus Corridor and Bikepaths (FY00)The study assesses gender issues in two components of the Bank's transport programs in Lima, Peru: a planned separate bus corridor designed to increase speed and comfort ; and a network of bikepaths.  Focus groups conducted with samples stratified by age, sex and income revealed gender differences in priorities and concerns with respect to urban transport.  Sexual harrassment and physical insecurity were found to be major concerns of many, women passengers; and these concerns also affected women's willingness to use bicycles. 
Status: Study completed.  
Documents available:
Proposal, summary report, main report, Powerpoint presentation and research methodology
Contact: Paul Guitink (Latin America & Caribbean Transport Cluster)
Updated: October 2000.

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Yemen - Gender Issues in the Yemen Rural Access Improvement Project (FY01)
The objective of this study is to gain a better understanding of how access constraints affect both men and women and the implications for the design of the Rural Access Improvement Project. These constraints and implications should be examined with respect to differences in gender perspectives within different cultures and regions in the country. Based on this assessment, the study will recommend how gender considerations should be introduced into the framework agreements and the accessibility planning process at the governorate and eventually at the district levels.
Status : The grant was approved in December 2000 and the final report will be completed by May 1, 2001 so that the findings can be incorporated into the project appraisal
Documents available : Proposal (English). 
Contact: Terje Wolden Infrastructure Group (MNSID).

Yemen: Gender in Yemen Rural Access Program (FY02)
Status: Grant approved. 
Documents available: Proposal (English)  
Contact: Ramiz -Al-Assar (Middle East and North Africa Region)
Updated May 2002

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