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Roads and Bridges Management and Maintenance Program, Mozambique

A proposal for  the award of Gender and Transport Thematic Group Grant
FY: 02

Country:  Mozambique

In Mozambique, Bank and other donors support to the transport sector have led to major improvements in the condition of the road network since 1992. Under  the First and Second Roads and Coastal Shipping Projects (ROCS 1 and ROCS 2, approved in 1992 and 1994), over 3800 km of primary, secondary and tertiary roads have been rehabilitated, 2000 km of roads have received periodic maintenance, and about 14,000 km of roads are benefiting from routine maintenance. Two ROCS projects have also brought about significant progress in institutional strengthening and capacity building programs, including setting up of Social Unit in ANE, which is responsible for addressing the issues of gender equality, poverty alleviation and HIV/AIDS prevention.  ROCS 1 (credit size US$74.3 million) closed on December 30, 1999, and its outcome was satisfactory. ROCS 2 (credit size US$188) is schedule for closing on June 30, 2002.


The new operation Roads and Bridges Management and Maintenance Program (RBMM), Phase 1 duration four years (of the APL in three phases 10 years duration) was approved by the Board in July 2001, and it is expected to be effective by the end of November 2001. The overall purpose of the program is to stimulate economic growth and contribute to poverty reduction through improved road infrastructure,  better sector policy, and enhanced roads sector management.  The Phase 1 (US$ 703 million  and IDA contribution US$ 162 million) will focus on carrying out systematic programmed periodic maintenance, prioritized rehabilitation, and implementing policy and institutional reforms.  Poverty, gender and HIV/AIDS are the three important social issues which the program will address.

The integrated road sector strategy on which the program is based,  was developed through extensive consultations with all key stake-holders including government agencies,  private sector, NGOs, women's groups, academic institutions, donors, and road users.  Rural people, including women will be involved in decisions on the use and maintenance of unclassified roads. Women will have a role in constructing, upgrading managing and maintaining rural roads, and the private sector entities will be consulted on ways to best involve rural women in road activities. The capacity building component of Phase I also includes the strengthening of the existing Gender Section within the Social Unit of ANE,  to ensure increase in the participation of women in constructing and maintenance of feeder roads in the field as well as in ANE regional and headquarter offices.


To monitor and evaluate the program performance in terms of gender equality,  ANE statistics on female employment will be used as a baseline data and "the increase in female participation in road works employment' will be used as one of the key performance indicators.   

It is proposed the grant will be used to monitor the performance of project's gender related activities with a overriding objective of reviewing the experience of women in road construction and make recommendations how the road construction activities can be made more friendly-user for women and what policy and cultural changes are needed to enhance the participation of female workers in road construction and maintenance.  It will be carried out by an independent consultant's study, and its report  will  have the following outputs:  (i) how far what was agreed during preparation is carried out during implementation; (ii) major gaps, if any, during implementation; (iii) checklist used for supervision; (iv) type of individual used to supervise gender component (whether consultant /staff or other, the discipline of the individual etc); (v) techniques used ( focus group, participant observation, interview, referring to monitoring indicators  etc); (vi) techniques that were found most effective among the many used.


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