Populations without reliable access to transport and related services tend to be poorer than those with reliable access. Problems of poor access are well recognized as being particularly severe in rural areas, where low population densities, limited economic activity, and high unit costs for service make it difficult to establish sustainable basic services.
The availability of transport services for the poor, women, persons with disability and the elderly has emerged as an important issue in the context of a number of transport policies. It requires the removal of institutional and physical barriers and the enhancement of incentives to increase the accessibility of diverse individuals and groups to transport opportunities. Approaches to inclusive transport, which are discussed and researched within the Transport and Social Responsibility thematic group (TSR), pay particular attention to the mobility and accessibility needs of women as well as elderly and disabled people.
Click on transport and gender or accessibility for more information on these issues.