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The Dynamics of Global Urban Expansion


By Shlomo Angel, Stephen C. Sheppard and Daniel L. Civco

With Robert Buckley, Anna Chabaeva, Lucy Gitlin, Alison Kraley, Jason Parent, and Micah Perlin

Transport and Urban Development Department
The World Bank
Washington D.C.
September 2005

This report, commissioned by the World Bank, examines the dynamics of global urban expansion by defining a new universe of 3,943 cities with population in excess of 100,000 and drawing a stratified global sample of 120 cities from this universe. Data for 90 cities out of the global sample of 120 are presented and analyzed in this report. The policy implications of the analysis are presented and discussed.

The central message of this study is quite clear: Developing country cities should be making realistic yet minimal plans for urban expansion, designating adequate areas for accommodating the projected expansion, investing wisely in basic trunk infrastructure to serve this expansion, and protecting sensitive land from incursion by new urban development.


Full Report (205 pages, 14 MB PDF)


Chapter I. Background and Objectives (13 pages, 154 KB PDF)

Chapter II. The Research Design and the Sample of Cities (17 pages, 241 KB PDF)

Chapter III. The Classification of Urban Land Cover Using Remote Sensing  (18 pages, 656 KB PDF)

Chapter IV. Measuring Urban Extent and Expansion  (25 pages, 1.6 MB PDF)

Chapter V. Modeling Urban Extent and Expansion (17 pages, 212 KB PDF)

Chapter VI. The Policy Implications of the Current Findings (12 pages, 164 KB PDF)

Chapter VII. City Data Sheets (91 pages, 11 MB PDF)

References & Acknowledgements (7 pages, 122 KB PDF)




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