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Slum Upgrading Publications


Blue arrowGeneral 
Blue arrowCommunity Participation Blue arrowCrime and Violence 
Blue arrowFinancial Blue arrowHousing and Land 
Blue arrowImpact Evaluation Blue arrowMethods / Lessons 
Blue arrowPrivate Sector Participation Blue arrowVulnerability 
Blue arrowCase Studies 


General

 

Guidance Notes on Services for the Urban Poor: A Practical Guide for Improving Water Supply and Sanitation Services. Water and Sanitation Program. August 2009.

 

Global Experiences on Expanding Services to the Urban Poor. Water and Sanitation Program. March 2009.

Urban Poverty: A Global View. Judy Baker. Urban Papers, No. 5, World Bank. January 2008.

Social Analysis in the Urban Sector: A Guidance Note. Social Analysis Sector Guidance Note Series. World Bank. June 2008. (pdf)

Performance improvement planning: Upgrading and improving urban water services. Water and Sanitation Program. World Bank. April 2008.

New Evidence on the Urbanization of Global Poverty. Ravallion, Martin, Shaohua Chen and Prem Sangraula. Policy Research Paper No. 4199, World Bank, Washington, D.C., 2007.

A Review of Urban Development Issues in Poverty Reduction Strategies. Baker, J. and Reichardt, I. Urban Papers, No. 3, World Bank, Washington, D.C., 2007.

Street Addressing and the Management of Cities. Directions in Development. Farvacque-Vitkovic, Catherine, Lucien Godin, Hugues Leroux, Florence Verdet, and Roberto Chavez, Washington, DC: World Bank, 2005.

Water, Electricity and the Poor: Who Benefits from Utility Subsidies. Komives, K., V. Foster, J. Halpern, and Q. Wodon, 2005. World Bank, Washington, D.C.

Location and Welfare in Cities: Impacts of Policy Interventions on the Urban Poor. Policy Research Working Paper. World Bank. May 2004.

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Community Participation

Community-Led Infrastructure Financing Facility (CLIFF) Annual Review. Homeless International, 2009. (pdf)

Community-Led Infrastructure Financing Facility (CLIFF). Ian Morris, Malcom Jack, Homeless International. Article written for Institute of Financial Chartered Analysts of India (IFCAI). 2007.

Engaging with citizens to improve services. Water and Sanitation Program-South Asia. World Bank. May 2007.

Community-Driven Development Approaches in Housing Sector Projects in Transition Economies. (pdf)

Community-Driven Development in Urban Upgrading. Social Development Notes. World Bank. 2004. (pdf)

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Crime and Violence 

Poverty, Violence and Livelihood Security in Urban Colombia and Guatemala. McIlwaine, C., Moser, C. Progress in Development Studies, 3 (3): 113 - 130, 2003.

A Resource Guide for Municipalities: Community-based Crime and Violence Prevention in Urban Latin America. Bernice Van Bronkhurst, Veronique Staco. Department of Finance, Private Sector and Infrastructure, Latin American Region, World Bank. 2003. Also available in Spanish and Portuguese.

Crime and Local Inequality in South Africa. Demombynes Gabriel, Ozler, Berk. Policy Research Working Paper No. 2925,World Bank, Washington, D.C., 2002.

Crime and Violence in an Urbanizing World. Brennan-Galvin, E. Journal of International Affairs, 56 (1): 123-145, 2002.

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Financial 

Community-Led Infrastructure Financing Facility (CLIFF) Annual Review. Homeless International, 2009. (pdf)

Entre la Exclusión Financiera y el Desarrollo Comunitario - Acceso al Financiamiento Privado para la Infraestructura Básica Comunitaria y el Mejoramiento de Vivienda (Financial Exclusion and Community Upgrading). Solo, Tova, 2009, World Bank Institute and Cities Alliance.

Overview of Financial Systems for Slum Upgrading and Housing. Annika Nillson. Housing Finance International. December 2008.

SUF Local Finance Facilities: what they are, why they are important, and how they work. McLeod, Ruth. UN-Habitat Slum Upgrading Facility (SUF). Working Paper 8, April 2008.

Community-Led Infrastructure Financing Facility (CLIFF). Ian Morris, Malcom Jack, Homeless International. Article written for Institute of Financial Chartered Analysts of India (IFCAI). 2007.

Scaling up Housing Microfinance for Slum Upgrading. Campa Sole, Regina and Laura Moser, Housing Finance International, December 2006.

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Housing and Land 

Overview of Financial Systems for Slum Upgrading and Housing. Annika Nillson. Housing Finance International. December 2008.

Thirty Years of World Bank Shelter Lending, What have we learned?. Buckley and Kalarickal, eds. World Bank, Washington, D.C., 2006.

Property Rights for the Poor: Effects of Land Titling. Galiani, S. and E. Schargrodsky. Working Paper, Universidad Torcuato Di Tella Business School, Argentina, 2006.

Housing and Urban Vulnerability in Rapidly-Developing Cities. Tipple, G. Journal of Contingencies and Crisis Management, 13 (2): 66–75, 2005.

Shelter Strategies for the Urban Poor: Idiosyncratic and Successful, but Hardy Mysterious. World Bank Policy Research Working Paper #3427, Robert Buckley and Jerry Kalarickal, October 2004.

Learning from informal markets: Innovative approaches to land and housing provision. Berner, Erhard, Development in Practice 11:2/3, pp. 292-307, May 2001.

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Impact Evaluation 

Impact Evaluation for Slum Upgrading Interventions. Field, E. and M. Kremer. World Bank. Doing Impact Evaluation Series No. 3. 2006.

The effectiveness of World Bank support for community-based and -driven development - an OED evaluation. World Bank. July 2005.

Evaluating the Impact of Development Projects on Poverty: A Handbook for Practitioners. Baker, J. The World Bank. 2000.

Impact Evaluation of Urban Upgrading. Development IMpact Evalutation Initiative (DIME)

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Methods / Lessons 

Preparing Surveys for Urban Upgrading Interventions: Prototype Survey Instrument and User Guide. Ana Goicoechea. Urban Paper Series. UP-6. April 2008.

Assessing benefits of slum upgrading programs in second best settings. Dasgupta, B. and Lall, S. (2006).World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 3993, August 2006.

Beyond the Numbers: Understanding the Institutions for Monitoring Poverty Reduction Strategies. Tara Bedi, Aline Coudouel, Marcus Cox, Markus Goldstein and Nigel Thornton. World Bank. 2006.

Analyzing Urban Poverty. A Summary of Methods and Approaches. Baker, J. and N. Schuler. Policy Research Paper No. 3399, World Bank, Washington, D.C., 2004.

Designing Household Surveys Questionnaires for Developing Countries: Lessons from 15 years of the Living Standards Measurement Study. Grosh and Glewwe (eds). 2000. Washington, DC, The World Bank.

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Vulnerability

Safer Homes, Stronger Communities. A Handbook for Reconstructing after Natural Disasters. Abhas K. Jha. World Bank and Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery. 2010.

Housing and Urban Vulnerability in Rapidly-Developing Cities. Tipple, G. Journal of Contingencies and Crisis Management, 13 (2): 66–75, 2005.

Natural Disasters and the Urban Poor. Fay, M., Ghesquiere, F., Solo, T.  En Breve No. 32, LAC Region, World Bank, Washington, D.C., 2003.

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Private Sector Participation

Opportunities and Challenges for Small Scale Private Service Providers in Electricity and Water Supply: Evidence from Bangladesh, Cambodia, Kenya, and the Philippines. Judy L Baker, Editor. Public-Private Infrastructure Advisory Facility. 2009.

Does the Private Sector have a Role to Play in the Development Process? Some Insights from the CLIFF Experience. Ian Morris, Homeless International. Paper and presentation for the Development Studies Association's (DSA) annual conference, city, country, November 2006. (pdf file)

The Role of the Private Sector in Delivering Low-Income Housing in Developed and Developing Countries. Olinger, David S., International Housing Coalition, paper prepared for the World Urban Forum III, Vancouver, Canada, June 2006. (Word document) 

Scaling up Slum Improvement: Engaging Slum Dwellers and the Private Sector to Finance a Better Future. Painter, David L, paper presented at the World Urban Forum III, June 2006. (pdf)

Public-Private Community Partnerships in Infrastructure for the Poor. Franceys, Richard and Almud Weitz, Journal of International Development 15, p. 1083-1098, 2003.

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Case Studies 

AFRICA

Slum Upgrading Up Close : Experiences of Six Cities. Cairo, Ekurhuleni, Lagos, Manila, Mumbai, and São Paulo. Cities Alliance. 2008.

Subsidized housing and access to land in South African cities. Lall, S., R. van den Brink, K. Leresche and B Dasgupta. World Bank. 2007.

The Urban Transition in Sub-Saharan Africa: Implications for Economic Growth and Poverty Reduction. Kessides, Christine. Africa Region Working Paper Series N. 97. 2005.

Crime and Local Inequality in South Africa. Demombynes Gabriel, Ozler, Berk, 2002. Policy Research Working Paper No. 2925,World Bank, Washington, D.C.

Experience with Urban Upgrading in Africa. MIT-Cities Alliance course on Upgrading Urban Slums, June 10 to 14, 2002.

Urban Upgrading in Africa: A Summary of Rapid Assessments in Ten Countries. Gulyani, S. and G. Connors, 2002. Unpublished Working Paper, World Bank, Washington, D.C.

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EAST ASIA & PACIFIC

Slum Upgrading Up Close : Experiences of Six Cities. Cairo, Ekurhuleni, Lagos, Manila, Mumbai, and São Paulo. Cities Alliance. 2008.

Urban Upgrading in Vietnam. Presentation given at Urban Forum, December 12, 2002. World Bank (pdf file) 

Cultural Heritage Conservation in Urban Upgrading: Ningbo, China. The historic city of Ningbo in the coastal province of Zhejiang is an example of a city working to resolve the inherent conflicts between upgrading older urban areas and conserving cultural heritage.

Yunnan: Earthquake Reconstruction, Urban Upgrading, and Heritage Conservation. As part of an earthquake rebuilding program, infrastructure was repaired, housing reconstruction grants were made to low-income families and cultural heritage sites were conserved.

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LATIN AMERICA & THE CARIBBEAN

Financial Exclusion in Latin America—or the Social Costs of Not Banking the Urban Poor. Solo, Tova. Environment and Urbanization, Vol. 20, No. 1, 47-66. 2008.

Slum Upgrading Up Close : Experiences of Six Cities. Cairo, Ekurhuleni, Lagos, Manila, Mumbai, and São Paulo. Cities Alliance. 2008

From Financial Exclusion to Inclusion, Increasing the Availability of Credit to the Urban poor in Latin America. Gwinner, Goldberg, Solo and Didoni, En Breve Number 98, World Bank. 2006. (pdf)

Integrated Urban Upgrading for the Poor: The Experience of Ribeira Azul, Brazil. Judy L. Baker, World Bank. 2006.

The Urban Poor in Latin America. Fay, Marianne, ed. World Bank, Washington, D.C. 2005.

Slum Upgrading and Participation: Lessons from Latin America. Imparato, Ivo and Jeff Ruster, Washington, DC: World Bank, 2003, p. 284. (pdf file) 

Urban Services Delivery and the Poor: The Case of Three Central American Cities. Sector Report No. 22590, The World Bank, Washington, D.C. 2002.

Urban Upgrading in Latin America and the Caribbean. Dean Cira. En Breve No. 3. World Bank. June 2002. (Pdf 346 KB).

Violence in a post-conflict context : urban poor perceptions from Guatemala. Caroline Moser and Cathy McIlwaine. World Bank. December 2001.

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MIDDLE EAST & NORTH AFRICA

Slum Upgrading Up Close : Experiences of Six Cities. Cairo, Ekurhuleni, Lagos, Manila, Mumbai, and São Paulo. Cities Alliance. 2008.

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SOUTH ASIA

Dhaka: Improving the Living Conditions for the Urban Poor. World Bank Report No. 35824-BD, Washington, D.C. 2007.

Improving Management of Municipal Solid Waste in India: Overview and Challenges. Policy Note. Environment Unit, South Asia Region, World Bank. May 2006.

The Mumbai Slum Sanitation Program : partnering with slum communities for sustainable sanitation in a megalopolis. Water and Sanitation Program, Cities Alliance, WSP Report No. 38456. World Bank. 2006.

Reaching the poor through sustainable partnerships : the slum sanitation program in Mumbai, India. Water Feature Stories, Issue 5. World Bank. March 2006.

Connecting the Slums to Water Supply: A Utility's Pro Poor Approach in Bangalore. Water & Sanitation Program Field Note. World Bank. February 2006

The Welfare Effects of Slum Improvement Programs: The Case of Mumbai. Policy Research Working Paper, No. 3852. World Bank. February 2006.

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