Recent years have seen rapid growth of production and exports of high-value agricultural products –fruit, vegetables, fisheries products-- and changes in the supply chains for these products. These trends are the result of increased consumer demand, the greater trade liberalization and the advances in technology, information management, food processing, post-harvest handling, and logistics. A subsequent trend from the greater agro-food trade is the heightened consumer awareness of food safety issues brought about by the occurrence of a number of food scandals in many countries. These trends pose important challenges and opportunities for the development community.
This training session presented an overview of these changes and showed why traditional transaction-based supply chains are rapidly being replaced by coordinated and integrated supply chains. The second module analyzed experiences with the formation of coordinated supply chains in ECA. Although coordinated supply chains are increasing rapidly in developing countries, the dominant forms of market organization remain traditional. The third module argued that, especially for Africa, much attention is still needed for improvement of traditional markets. The fourth module in this training session discussed factors that contribute to inclusion and exclusion of small-scale producers in coordinated supply chains, and it discussed interventions that can improve the level playing field for small-scale producers in a competitive environment.
The related training session “The role of Sanitary and Phytosanitary (SPS) standards in trade” further discussed how managing food safety and related market requirements affect many of these trends.
Agenda, April 6, 2005
8:30 a.m. – 12:30 p.m.
Program Introduction, Kees van der Meer, Senior Rural Development Specialist, ARD, World Bank
Changing food markets (pdf - 1.5mb), John Holtzman Abt Associates Inc.
Changing supply chains in Central and Eastern Europe, presentation (pdf - 166k), paper (doc - 57k), Jo Swinnen, Professor, Faculty of Economics and Applied Economics, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven
Changing supply chains in Africa: Implications for Government and donor investments (pdf - 116k), David Tschirley, Professor, International Development Department of Agricultural Economics, Michigan State University
What factors affect participation of small-scale farmers in coordinated supply chains? (pdf - 84k) Kees van der Meer, Senior Rural Development Specialist, ARD, World Bank