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Trade and Development Quarterly: The Global Dialogue

This sixth edition contains:

Forthcoming Publications
The World Bank Trade and Development Series provides objective, accessible information about the new trade agenda and encourages an informed dialogue about the role of trade in development, particularly in the world's poorest countries. 

  • Agricultural Trade Reform and the Doha Development Agenda ed. by K. Anderson and W. Martin
  • Safeguards and Antidumping in Latin American Trade Liberalization: Fighting Fire with Fire ed. by M. Finger and J. Nogues
  • International Trade in Health Services and the GATS Current Issues and Debates ed. by C. Blouin, N. Drager, and R. Smith

New Trade Notes

  • Trade Note 23: "Agriculture Market Access: The Key to Doha Success" by Kym Anderson and Will Martin
  • Trade Note 24: "Regional Trade Agreements, The World Trade System and Development" by Richard Newfarmer
  • Trade Note 25: "Food Safety and Agricultural Health Standards and Developing Country Exports: Re-thinking the Impacts and the Policy Agenda" Steve Jaffee

New Policy Research Working Papers of Interest
Recently released trade-related working papers, and all older papers, are also available using the Document Search on the Bank's Development Economics Research website and on the Social Sciences Research Network

Announcements

  • The World Bank and International Monetary Fund Annual Meetings and Program of Seminars (September 24-25).
  • Trade and Development seminar for CSO's (September 22); additional information to be posted shortly.
  • World Bank Institute's Learning Program
  • The OECD-Brazil Roundtable (October 25), OECD Global Forum on International Investment (October 26-27), and World Bank Seminar on Trade and Development.  All three events will be held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
  • 6th Annual Conference on The Parliamentary Network on the World Bank (PNoWB)(October 21-23) in Helsinki, Finland.

Forthcoming Publications:

Agricultural Trade Reform and the Doha Agenda ed. by K. Anderson and W. Martin
Agricultural trade reform is critical to a favorable development outcome from the Doha Development Agenda. But agricultural policies and the policy reforms being contemplated are fiendishly complicated, and the devil is in the details. The Doha Development Agenda will be “the one that got away” unless negotiators can maintain a focus on the market-opening raison d’être of the WTO, and avoid excessive use of exceptions like “sensitive” products that could easily eviscerate the favorable development impact of the Round.

This book focuses on the agricultural trade reform that is central to the development impact of the Doha Agenda. It contains detailed policy studies prepared by experts in the field, and uses these to provide a base for quantitative analyses of the effects of reform. It uses a quantitative approach to integrate the consequences of trade reform measures being taken on market access, agricultural domestic support, and export subsidies. The book will be launched on October 24; to preorder please click here

Safeguards and Antidumping in Latin American Trade Liberalization: Fighting Fire with Fire ed. by M. Finger and J. Nogues
Until the 1990s, the main users of safeguards and antidumping laws were Australia, Canada, the European Union, and the United States. Since then, many countries have implemented such laws, leading to a proliferation in antidumping and safeguard activity across the world. This book documents the political economy surrounding the implementation of these laws in seven Latin American countries and provides details on the institutions created, implementation of the laws, and subsequent activity. It finds that, in the larger political context, antidumping and safeguards are a necessary quid pro quo to certain important sectors to obtain much more liberalized trade policies for the general economy. This book will be available at the World Bank Infoshop starting October 20, 2005; to preorder a copy please click here.

International Trade in Health Services and the GATS Current Issues and Debates ed. by C. Blouin, N. Drager, and R. Smith
Health policymakers and practitioners face many challenges and opportunities, both nationally and internationally. One that is likely to grow in importance during this new Millennium is that of international trade in health services. How to ensure that trade policymakers are aware of--and take into account--the burgeoning liberalization agenda and its implications for the heath sector is main topic of this book. A product of a joint initiative of the World Bank and the World Health Organization (WHO), this volume provides analytical tools to policymakers, in both the health and trade ministries, who are involved in the liberalization agenda more widely, and the current GATS (General Agreement on Trade in Services) negotiations more specifically. It includes an overview of current evidence on the health sector implications of the liberalization of health services trade, and current practices in selected countries; focusing specifically on developing countries. This volume is a practical tool for trade capacity building and for facilitating national dialogues on what are the best policy options on health services and trade agreements. The book will be launched on September 30, 2005; copies will be available through the World Bank Infoshop and can be preordered by clicking here.

New Trade Notes

Trade Note 23:"Agricultural Access: The Key to Doha Success" by Kym Anderson and William Martin
Nearly two-thirds of the economic gains from dismantling merchandise trade barriers and farm subsidies would come from agriculture. This new research finding applies both to the world as a whole and to developing countries as a group. While much of the focus to date has been on developed country policies, recent modelling work shows that over 50 percent of the gains to developing countries from agricultural reform would come from liberalization by developing countries themselves. The reason is two-fold: because agriculture tariffs are even higher in developing than developed countries (18 compared with 16 percent on average in 2001), and because a large minority of developing country trade is now with other developing countries. Furthermore, the research finds that 93 percent of the welfare gains from removing distortions to agricultural incentives globally would come from reducing import tariffs, while only 2 percent is due to export subsidies and 5 percent to domestic measures 

Trade Note 24: "Regional Trade Agreements, The World Trade System and Development" by Richard Newfarmer
The number of regional trade agreements (RTAs) have grown exponentially over the last two decade, significantly altering the world trade landscape. Today, there are more than 200 agreements in force with nearly one-third of all trade taking place between countries that have some form of reciprocal RTA.  This note addresses two questions: What are the characteristics of RTAs that strongly promote--or hinder--development for member countries? and Does the proliferation of RTAs pose risks to the multilateral trading system, and how can those risks be managed?

Trade Note 25: "Food Safety and Agricultural Health Standards and Developing Country Exports: Re-thinking the Impacts and the Policy Agenda" by Steve Jaffee
Increasingly stringent food safety and agricultural health standards in industrialized countries pose major challenges for continued developing country success in international markets for high-value food products, such as fish, meat, and horticultural products. Indeed, much of the existing literature casts the emerging standards as a 'barrier' to trade, whether due to outright protectionist measures or the high costs of compliance with adopted measures.This trade note offers a fresh prospective on the impact of emerging standards, on the room for maneuver of developing country suppliers, and on elements of a proactive agenda for capacity building and cooperation. Such efforts may enable standards to play a more positive role, catalyzing the modernization of export supply and regulatory systems and the adoption of safer and more sustainable production practices.


New Policy Research Working Papers

3616Would multilateral trade reform benefit Sub-Saharan African?  (Kym Anderson, Will Martin and Dominique van der Mensbrugghe)
3617Beyond tariffs and quotas: why don't African manufacturers export more? (George R. G. Clarke)
3622Trade policy, income risk, and welfare (William Maloney, Pravin Krishna, Tome Krebs)
3658Antidumping mechanisms and safeguards in Peru (Raul Leon Thorne, Josefina Camminati, Richard Webb)
3667Does health insurance impede trade in health care services? (Randeep Rathindran and Aaditya Mattoo)
3676Trade and employment: stylized facts and research findings (Alan Winters and Bernard Hoekman)
3684Antidumping and safeguard measures in the political economy of liberalization: Mexican case (Jorge G. Gonzalez, Luz Elena Reyes)
3688Preference utilization and tariff reduction in European Union imports from Africa, Caribbean, and Pacific countries (Miriam Manchin)
3695Estimating household responses to trade reforms: net consumers and net producers in rural Mexico (Giudo Porto)
3996Growing together or growing apart? A village level study of the impact of the Doha Round on rural China (Marijke Kuiper and Frank van Tongeren)
3697The WTO Doha Round, cotton sector dynamics, and poverty trends in Zambia (Jorge F. Balat and Guido G. Porto)
3701The Doha Round, poverty, and regional inequality in Brazil (Joaquim Bento de Souza Ferreira Filho and Mark Horridge)
3702Impacts of the Doha Development Agenda in China: the role of labor markets and complementary education reforms (Fan Zhai and Thomas Hertel)
3703Key issues in trade facilitation: summary of World Bank/European Union workshops in Dhaka and Shanghai in 2004 (Jayanta Roy and Shweta Bagai)
3707Multilateral trade liberalization and Mexican households: The effect of the Doha Development Agenda (Alessandro Nicita)
3716Trade credit and Bank credit: evidence from recent financial crisis (Inessa Love, Lorenzo A. Preve, and Virginia Sarria-Allende)


Announcements

  • The World Bank Institute (WBI) has just launched it's new catalogue of learning events for this fiscal year (July 1-June 30, 2006). The online catalogue (www.worldbank.org/wbi) provides information on more than 400 courses, covering over 20 thematic areas.  For trade-specific learning activities, please click here.

    We would like to take this opportunity to draw your attention to an upcoming course in Rome,Italy on the "Emerging Opportunities and Challenges for Developing Countries in Global Agricultural Trade and International Negotiations". This course will be delivered by the World Bank Institute and University of Roma Tre during October 10-14, 2005, with contributions from the World Bank Trade Department, FAO, WTO, and the EU. The target audience for this 5-day course is trade and agricultural policymakers, negotiators, and their advisors, as well as academics from the Balkans and MENA countries (participants from other developing countries will be accepted if space allows).  The course is also open to staff from developed country governments and international organizations, including the World Bank. For additional information on the course and to register please click here
     
  • On September 24-25, Washington DC will be the site of the World Bank/International Monetary Fund Annual Meetings. In the run-up to and at the meetings, the World Bank will sponsor two trade events.    

    Round Table on Aid for Trade (September 23, 1-3pm)
    Multilateral trade liberalization under the Doha Round has the potential to generate significant economic opportunities that could lift many people out of poverty. Fulfilling this potential requires the leadership of developed countries in further opening their markets.  Developing countries must also reform their own policies in order to take advantage of industrial countries' market opening, and in order to strengthen trade among themselves. Many developing countries are concerned about the adjustment costs associated with trade liberalization, or are ill-equipped to take advantage of new export opportunities. Panelists will address the following issues:
    • What are the prospects for a successful and ambitious outcome to the Doha Round?
    • What are the appropriate roles/responses for the International Financial Institutions (IFIs), in particular the World Bank and IMF, regarding Aid for Trade?
    • How can the international community contribute, for example, via enhancements to the Integrated Framework for trade-related technical assistance?
    • What lessons have been learned from countries that have succeeded with Aid for Trade and can the lessons be applied to Least Developed Countries

  • Trade and Development seminar for CSOs (September 19-21 t.b.d.)

  • On October 25-27, 2005, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) is organizing, in partnership with Government of Brazil and the World Bank and the support of the Brazilian National Development Bank, a major conference in Rio de Janeiro on the theme "Investment for Development". The OECD-Brazil Roundtable on October 25 will seek views from practitioners on the implementation of Brazil's recent law on public-private partnerships. The OECD Global Forum on International Investment on October 26-27 will be devoted to the Policy Framework for Investment currently being developed by the OECD Investment Committee to raise the level of productive investment in the developing world. The conference will be followed on Friday 28 October in the same location by a seminar, organized by the World Bank and the above mentioned partners, on the theme of "Trade and Development: Making It Happen". Interested persons are invited to visit the OECD website or contact Mr.Thomas Dannequin (or telephone + 33 1 45 81 56) for participation arrangements. There are no registration fees".

  • The 6th Annual Conference on The Parliamentary Network on the World Bank (PNoWB) will be held in Helsinki Finland on October 21-23, 2005.  It will bring together 200 parliamentarians from around the world with representatives from the World Bank and other multilateral organizations, academia, civil society and the private sector.  The main objectives are to identify what parliamentarians can do to promote action on pressing development issues and to help strengthen the accountability and transparency of international financial institutions.  The conference will review the outcomes of July’s G8 “development summit” in Gleneagles, Scotland and September’s United Nations World Summit in New York as well as preview December’s important WTO ministerial meeting in Hong Kong on the Doha Development Agenda.  For more information please visit http://www.pnowb.org/ or contact Zakeikha Salim Said , Naye Bathily-Sylla and Ivar Slengesol



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