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Trade Course: Explaining Export Growth

Begins:   Apr 28, 2008 08:30
Ends:   Apr 28, 2008 16:30
Contact Person:   Caroline Louise Freund

Venue: World Bank Headquarters, Main Complex MC-C1-100

Description: This one day course is designed to explore how exports grow.  Results from firm-level studies will help to answer the following questions:  What type of firms make exports grow?  Are new exporters or incumbents more important in export growth?  How important are  new products and new trade partners?  With this in mind, we will discuss specific policies that are likely to be effective or ineffective in enhancing export growth.  Finally, we will examine the contribution of industrial policies in East Asia to export success, how countries in other regions have succeeded or failed to generate sustained export growth, and highlight important areas for future research.  The agenda offers time for discussion at the end of each presentation.

External Speakers

Andrew Bernard is the Director of the Center for International Business and the Jack Byrne Professor of International Economics at the Tuck School of Business at Dartmouth.  He received his PhD from Stanford in economics in 1991 and was on the faculty at MIT and Yale prior to coming to Tuck.  Professor Bernard is an expert in international trade and investment and specializes in firm responses to globalization.  In recent papers he has analyzed the effects of trade with low-cost countries such as China on firm strategy and performance and the relation between exporting and productivity.  In addition to being published in top academic journals such as the American Economic Review and the Review of Economic Studies, his research has been featured on CNN, CNBC, Good Morning America, MSNBC, NPR's Morning Edition, the Marketplace, Morning Report, the BBC, and in the New York Times, Wall Street Journal, Financial Times, the Economist, Nikkei, Fortune, and Business Week.

Marcus Noland is a senior fellow in the Peterson Institute of International Economics.  His work encompasses a wide range of topics including the political economy of US trade policy and the Asian financial crisis.  His areas of geographical knowledge and interest include Asia and Africa where he has lived and worked.  In the past he has written extensively on the economies of Japan, Korea, and China.  He won the 2000-01 Ohira Memorial Award for his book Avoiding the Apocalypse: The Future of the Two Koreas.  Noland is the author of numerous books and articles on the economies of the Asia-Pacific region.  He has served as an occasional consultant to organizations, such as the World Bank and the National Intelligence Council, and has testified before the US Congress on numerous occasions.  He received a PhD from the Johns Hopkins University.

James Tybout received a PhD. in economics from the University of Wisconsin-Madison in 1980.  After receiving his degree, Professor Tybout joined the faculty at Georgetown University, where he remained until moving to Penn State in 1999. He is a Research Associate of the National Bureau of Economic Research and served as a co-editor of the Journal of International Economics from 2002 through 2005. He is currently an associate editor for the Journal of International Economics and the  Review of Economics and Statistics, and a member of the editorial board for the Journal of Policy Reform. Professor Tybout's research is on industrial sector problems in developing countries.  He has published numerous articles on firm level adjustment in top economics journals such as the American Economic Review, Econometrica, and the Quarterly Journal of Economics.  He is an editor of Industrial Evolution in Developing Countries (a co-edited volume with Mark Roberts, Oxford University Press, 1996).

Internal Speakers

Shantayanan Devarajan is the Chief Economist of the World Bank’s South Asia Region.  Since joining the World Bank in 1991, he has been a Principal Economist and Research Manager for Public Economics in the Development Research Group, as well as the Chief Economist of the Human Development Network. He was the Director of the World Development Report 2004, Making Services Work for Poor People. Before 1991, he was on the faculty of Harvard University’s John F. Kennedy School of Government. The author or co-author of over 100 publications, Mr. Devarajan’s research covers public economics, trade policy, natural resources and the environment, and general-equilibrium modeling of developing countries.  Mr. Devarajan currently maintains a development blog on ending poverty in South Asia: Born in Sri Lanka, Mr. Devarajan received his A. B. in mathematics from Princeton University and his PhD. in economics from the University of California at Berkeley.

William Maloney is Lead Economist in the World Bank's Office of the Chief Economist (OCE) of the Latin America and Caribbean region.  Dr. Maloney has published on issues related to international trade, speculative attacks on currencies, developing country labor markets, and innovation.  Before joining the Bank permanently, Mr. Maloney was a Professor of Economics at the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign (1990-1997).  He also served as a consultant of the Bank on Mexico (1994-95) and Nigeria (1986) and the Harvard Kennedy School of Government (1982).  Mr. Maloney received Ph.D in Economics from the University of California, Berkeley (1990).

Mustapha Nabli is Senior Advisor in the Office of the Chief Economist of the World Bank. Previously he served as Chief Economist and Director of Social and Economic Development in the World Bank's Middle East and North Africa region. He joined the Bank in 1997 as Senior Economic Advisor in the Development Economics Vice Presidency. Before coming to the Bank, Mr. Nabli was an international consultant. He also served as Tunisia's Minister of Economic Development and Minister of Planning and Regional Development (1990-95), and held the position of Chairman of the Tunis Stock Exchange (1988-1990). From 1975 to 1988 he was a Professor of Economics, Faculté de Droit et des Sciences Politiques et Economiques de Tunis (FDSPET). Mr. Nabli holds a Ph.D. and a Master's degree in Economics from the University of California at Los Angeles.


09:00 - 09:30  

Introduction and Opening Remarks
Speaker: Caroline Freund, Senior Economist, Research Department, World Bank

 Session 1: Firm Level Evidence on Export Growth  

09:30 - 10:30 How Do Exports Grow in Developing Countries?
Speaker: James Tybout, Professor of Economics, Penn State University
11:00 - 12:00 What Have we Learned about Exporters from U.S. Data?
Speaker: Andrew Bernard, Jack Byrne Professor of International Economics, Tuck School of Business, Dartmouth
 Session 2: Regional Experiences 

01:30 - 02:30 Industrial Policy in an Era of Globalization: Evidence from Asia
Speaker: Marcus Noland, Senior Fellow, Petersen Institute for International Economics
03:00 - 04:30 Panel on Export Growth in Africa, Latin America, South Asia and Middle East and North Africa
Shantayanan Devarajan, Chief Economist, South Asia (incoming Chief Economist, Africa)

William Maloney, Lead Economist, Latin America Region

Mustapha Nabli, Senior Advisor in the Office of the Chief Economist (former Chief Economist, Middle East and North Africa)


For questions relating the course, please contact Caroline Freund,


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