Description: International migration is a complex and dynamic process that impacts the migrants' home and destination countries and, of course, the migrants themselves. Recent data on migration flows and remittances indicate the increasing importance of international migration for economic development and poverty reduction. This is an area where the World Bank has already made significant contribution through both original research and innovative operational work. The three hour course will consist of presentations and a round table discussion. Presentations will introduce main research findings and analyze their policy implications. Round table participants will discuss the ongoing migration related work in their respective regions and identify main policy challenges.
More specifically, the course will:
Discuss the main channels through which international migration impacts economic development and poverty. Among these are the impact on education and health outcomes, investment, international trade and demographic patterns such as fertility levels;
Identify the overall patterns and impacts of skilled migration, i.e., the brain drain, on sending countries. Special attention will be paid to migration of healthcare professionals from Africa to OECD countries; and
Provide examples from cases where the recent research on migration might provide guidance to operational work and policymaking in source countries. Among the policy areas to be covered are education and provision of healthcare services as well as financial market development.
Target Audience: Country Economists, Education, Health, Finance and Trade Specialists and Policymakers.