NEW! Developing a Trade Information Portal
By Luc Pugliatti, June 2012
In many developed nations, trade related information is readily available across a number of websites maintained by each government agency responsible for a particular aspect of trade regulation. In some of these countries, the government even provides a website that consolidates all of this information in one user-friendly website. However, in many developing nations, such agency specific websites may not exist and even when they do they are often incomplete, out of date or the content may not cover the entire spectrum of information that a trader may wish to obtain to ensure compliance with import, export or transit requirements.
It is therefore desirable to create a Trade Information Portal (TIP), a single platform where all the information relating to trade from all the various agencies is aggregated under one roof and is readily available for searching and viewing. TIPs are a first step towards the introduction of an electronic National Single Window, which is also increasingly being seen as a way of affording greater facilitation to trade.
This new guide discusses the issues and challenges that developing nations are likely to face when implementing a TIP and provides a checklist of practical guidelines for the steps that might be required in order to achieve effective implementation. More Information >>
Connecting to Compete 2012: Trade Logistics in the Global Economy
by Jean Francois Arvis, Monica Alina Mustra, Lauri Ojala, Ben Shepherd and Daniel Saslavsky, May 2012
The Logistics Performance Index (LPI) measures how well countries connect to international logistics networks. It helps countries identify the challenges and opportunities they face in their trade logistics performance and what they can do to improve. Based on a worldwide survey of operators on the ground—such as global freight forwarders and express carriers—the LPI provides in-depth knowledge and feedback on the logistics “friendliness” of the countries in which the operators do business and those with which they trade. It provides an informed qualitative assessment of the global logistics environment for the benefit of government and trade practitioners alike.
In addition to the report, the website features the LPI as an interactive cross-country benchmarking tool with data for three years: 2007, 2010 and 2012. More Information >>
Streamlining Non-Tariff Measures: A Toolkit for Policy Makers
by Olivier Cadot, Mariem Malouche and Sebastian Saez, April 2012
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Streamlining Non-Tariff Measures (NTMs) aims to assist policy makers in designing and improving NTMs, and it encourages them to address these measures from a domestic competitiveness and poverty perspective rather than from a mercantilist standpoint of concessions to trading partners. It provides a set of tools for identifying NTMs; assessing their trade restrictiveness and impact on prices and welfare; and strengthening institutional coordination, transparency, and regulatory governance related to NTMs. The structure that this toolkit proposes relies on dialogue, analysis, and broad participation, a structure that can be adapted to suit specific country situations. The primary strength of the approach is that it provides a basis for transforming a review process for existing measures into a quality control system for new ones.
Non-tariff measures—that is, policy measures other than ordinary customs tariffs that have the potential to affect international trade in goods—are diverse and complex, and involve many government agencies. NTMs that are unnecessary or complicated can impact the quantities of goods traded, prices, or both; but measures can also serve legitimate policy objectives. Additionally, how measures are applied typically matters more than what measures are applied. In other words, the devil is in the details.
This book will be of particular interest to policy makers, trade economists and lawyers, and development practitioners.
Gender Dimensions of Trade Facilitation and Logistics: A Guidance Note
by Kate Higgins, April 2012
This guidance note discusses why gender matters for trade facilitation, provides good practice examples, and discusses what that has meant for project outcomes. In addition, the note provides practical advice and templates on how gender can be better integrated into these types of projects. This note, written by Kate Higgins of the North-South Institute in Ottawa, Canada, is the first product of collaboration between the World Bank’s International Trade Department and the Gender and Development Unit to produce guidance notes in order to help identify and assess the gender dimensions of trade projects.
Trade Competitiveness Diagnostic Toolkit
by José Guilherme Reis and Thomas Farole, March 2012
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In recent years, the agenda to support trade growth has moved beyond trade policy to embrace a wider set of “behind the border” issues focused on establishing an environment conducive to the emergence of firms that are competitive in both export and domestic markets. In this context, the World Bank's Trade Competitiveness Diagnostic Toolkit (TCD) facilitates a systematic assessment of a country’s position, performance, and capabilities in export markets. It combines quantitative analysis with qualitative techniques, including in-country interviews with key stakeholders across trade value chains. The TCD toolkit will be of particular interest to economists at development banks and donor agencies, government practitioners involved in analyzing trade performance, and academics and researchers in the area of trade and development economics.
Risk-Based Compliance Management
by David Widdowson, March 2012
This Reference and Implementation Guide has been developed to supplement the information provided in the World Bank's Border Management Modernization publication. Specifically, it builds on the contents of Chapter 6 (Core border management disciplines: risk-based compliance management) and Chapter 11 (Reform instruments, tools, and best practice approaches) by providing:
• An introduction to the key issues associated with the practical implementation of a modern risk-based compliance management regime in border management agencies;
• A step-by-step method of establishing a compliance management approach in a border management agency;
• Practical examples covering a range of border management activities to illustrate the methodology;
• Useful tips to help identify and rationalize or eliminate resource intensive, time consuming and ineffective regulatory processes. More Information >>
| ||Trade and Transport Facilitation Assessment|
by M.A. Mustra, J.F. Arvis, with J. Arnold, R.Carruthers and D.Saslavsky, March 2010
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The Trade and Transport Facilitation Assessment is a practical tool to identify the obstacles to the fluidity of trade supply chains. Taking the perspective of service delivery to traders, the TTFA assessment is founded on facts and data collected through a series of meetings and interviews with the main public and private participants to these international supply chains. They include customs and other border agencies, transport regulators, freight forwarders, transport operators, ports, and others.The toolkit helps design plans of action to improve logistics performance among its three main dimensions: infrastructure, services, and procedures and processes.
|Assessing the Demand for Food Safety and Quality in Agri-Food Chains (pdf), September 2010 |
|A Guide to Trade Data Analysis (pdf), September 2010 |
|Trade Competitiveness of the Middle East and North Africa (pdf), Policies for Export Diversification, June 2010|
|Export Competitiveness: Engine to Growth & Development (pdf), April 2010 |
|Negotiating Trade in Services - A Practical Guide for Developing Countries (pdf), May 2009 |
| ||Trade in World Bank - Country Assistance Strategies, August 2009 |
| ||Duty and Tax Relief and Suspension Schemes for Improving Export Competitiveness (pdf), A Reference and Learning Toolkit |
| ||Aid for Trade: Unlocking Global Opportunities (pdf), The Aid for Trade Program of the World Bank Group |
| ||Trade Facilitation Facility (pdf), April 2009 |
| ||Clusters for Competitiveness - A Practical Guide and Policy Implications for Developing Cluster Initiatives(pdf), February 2009 |
Trade Facilitation at the World Bank, (pdf)
| ||Reforming the Regulatory Procedures for Import and Export (pdf), July 2006|
Archived - Other Policy Papers & Studies (This page is no longer being updated) - A number of research and policy papers had been generated by research projects and had been published through other format of publications, e.g. policy series, regional studies, discussion papers and others etc. These papers address and provide accessible information about the trade agenda, global trade architecture, regional trade agreements, country studies and summary of the main policy conclusions emerging from the project etc.
Last updated on Oct 21, 2010