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Trade and Development Quarterly - 23rd edition

Trade and Development Quarterly

Newsletter Contents 


  1. Latest Trade Publications 
  2. Trade Projects Around the World 
  3. Recent Trade Missions - Back to Office Reports by the International Trade Department (PRMTR)
  4. Upcoming Trade Events 

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Latest Trade Publications 


Trade Facilitation

  • The Cost of Being Landlocked: Logistics Costs and Supply Chain Reliability
    by Jean Francois Arvis, Jean-Francois Marteau, Gael Raballand, July 2010
    Purchase | Download e-book | Book widget 
    This book proposes a new analytical framework to interpret and model the constraints faced by logistics chains in landlocked countries.

  • Trade and Transport Facilitation Assessment
    by Monica Alina Mustra, Jean Francois Arvis, with John Arnold, Robin Carruthers and Daniel Saslavsky, March 2010
    Book widget | Download e-book 
    This is a practical tool to identify supply chain constraints and obstacles.

Trade Policy

  • Global Value Chains in a Postcrisis World: A Development Perspective
    Edited by Olivier Cattaneo, Gary Gereffi, Cornelia Staritz, September 2010
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    This book analyzes business reactions to the crisis through the lens of Global Value Chains.

  • Rebalancing the Global Economy: A Primer for Policymaking
    by Stijn Claessens, Simon J Evenett, Bernard Hoekman, June 2010
    Download e-book | Listen to Interview with Bernard Hoekman
    This book aims to provide up-to-date, comprehensive analyses of the central facets of global economic imbalances and to identify and evaluate potential national and systemic responses to this challenge.

  • Trade Adjustment Costs in Developing Countries: Impacts, Determinants and Policy Responses 
    by Bernard Hoekman and Guido Porto, June 2010
    Purchase | Download e-book
    This book summarizes the state of knowledge in the economic literature on trade and development regarding the costs of adjustment to trade openness and how adjustment takes place in developing countries.

  • Trade in Services Negotiations: A Guide for Developing Countries
    by Sebastian Saez, June 2010
    Purchase | Download e-book | Book widget
    This book aims to address the challenge that developing countries, especially the least-developing countries, face in the design of trade in service policies. It aims to provide governments with tools to better incorporate services in their export strategies, including negotiations and cooperation with trading partners, and unilateral reforms.

Trade Competitiveness

  • International Trade in Services
    by Olivier Cattaneo, Michael Engman, Sebastian Saez, Robert Stern, June 2010
    Purchase | Download e-book | Book widget
    This book provides useful guidelines for the assessment of a country's trade potential, and a roadmap for successful opening and export promotion in select services sectors.

  • Financial Services and Preferential Trade Agreements: Lessons from Latin America
    by Mona Haddad, Constantinos Stephanou, June 2010
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    This volume chronicles the recent experience of governments in the Latin American region that have successfully completed financial services negotiations in the context of regional trade agreements.

More information >> 

Trade Projects Around the World


The International Trade Department (PRMTR) manages trust funds (such as the Multi-Donor Trust Fund for Trade and Development and Trade Facilitation Facility) that support an array of World Bank Group trade activities in developing countries worldwide. Here are some recent highlights.

Updates from the Multi-Donor Trust Fund (MDTF):

The MDTF supports trade-related projects that aim to help developing countries further mainstream trade strategies into national development agendas. A recently completed project supported by the MDTF is the project - Legal and Regulatory Environment for Cross Border Mobile Banking in Southern Africa. The project’s goal is to facilitate the expansion of access to finance through domestic and cross border branchless banking, with appropriate protections for customers and the financial system by encouraging: (i) the use of incentives that encourage innovative bank and non-bank led domestic and international mobile-banking solutions; (ii) the establishment of appropriate financial system infrastructure and good governance; and (iii) the establishment of proportionate regulation which provides an open but safe environment. Recent outcomes of this project included:

  • National strategies that support private sector-led mobile-banking solutions, including openness to foreign firms, and adopting incentives that encourage innovative bank and non-bank led domestic and international mobile-banking solutions.
  • Banking firms offering pilot mobile-banking payment products to migrant clients from countries with open regulatory frameworks.
  • Increase in foreign remittances flowing through formal remittance channels.
  • World Bank and donor programs that include mechanisms for maximizing the potential impact of mobile-banking solutions on increasing access to finance.

Outputs from this project include:


More information about this project and the MDTF >> 

Highlight from the Asia-Pacific Region: New World Bank report supports Lao Government in sanitary and phytosanitary analysis to help open up trade. For small countries like Lao PDR, becoming a member of the World Trade Organisation (WTO) is a massive journey. It requires years of negotiations, legislation, reforms to procedures and meeting many trade-related requirements. The Government of Lao PDR is committed to acceding to the WTO as part of efforts to deepen international economic integration and enlarge the number of trade opportunities available to the private sector. The World Bank has been working alongside the Government of Lao PDR in their bid for accession to the WTO. One key area where countries work hard to qualify for membership is in meeting the WTOs Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures (SPS). These measures are a prerequisite for accession and are applied to protect human or animal life from risks arising from additives, contaminants, toxins, or disease-causing organisms in their food; to protect human life from plant- or animal-borne diseases; to protect animal or plant life from pests, diseases, or disease-causing organisms; and to prevent or limit other damage to a country from the entry, establishment, or spread of pests. Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures include actions taken to protect the health of fish and wild fauna, as well as of forests and wild flora. While meeting SPS measures is critical for protecting human, animal and plant life - it is a complicated and costly process for countries involved. A new World Bank report called Operational Costs of Trade-Related Sanitary and Phytosanitary Activities, was recently launched to assist the Lao PDR Government in making assessments of the minimum levels of public funding needed to carry out basic SPS tasks - performing surveillance, testing, diagnostics and risk analysis.

Updates from the the Trade Facilitation Facility (TFF):

The TFF, another multi-donor trust fund, supports concrete improvements in trade facilitation systems that help reduce developing countries' trade costs and thereby improve their competitiveness. The TFF is now operational (since June 2009) and is increasingly becoming a source of trade facilitation assistance to low-income countries, regional economic communities and the private sector, particularly in Africa. This is evidenced by the growing project portfolio.

As of September 2010, a total of 28 projects that will benefit 36 countries were approved for a total budget allocation of US$13,427,585 or about 28 percent of total contributions currently earmarked to the TFF.
The current portfolio of approved projects comprises of the following country-based projects:

  • Democratic Republic of Congo: ‘Trade Facilitation Audit’ and ‘Trade Facilitation Reforms’
  • Zimbabwe: ‘Zimbabwe Trade and Transport Facilitation Audit’
  • Nigeria: ‘Nigeria Trade Facilitation Intervention’
  • Cameroon: ‘Technical Assistance to Support Cameroon Customs’
  • Ghana: ‘Ghana Trade Facilitation Program’
  • Vietnam: ‘Vietnam Trade Facilitation Audit and Strategic Planning’

Moreover, the TFF portfolio includes regional projects:

  • Africa: ‘Lesotho and South Africa Customs Collaboration’; ‘Payment Systems in West Africa';
    ‘Regional Integration in Central Africa’
  • Asia: ‘Greater Mekong Sub-region Trade Facilitation’
  • ‘Central Asia Regional Trade and Transport Facilitation and Trade Facilitation’
  • Latin America and the Caribbean: ‘Central America Trade Facilitation for Regional Integration’

More information about the TFF >> 

Recent Trade Missions

Highlight from a Recent PRMTR Trade Mission to Indonesia:

October 2010 - Mona Haddad (Sector Manager, International Trade Department) met with the Indonesian Minister of Trade Mari Pangestu during a recent business trip to Jakarta, Indonesia in early October, where they discussed the status of the Indonesia trade logistics agenda as a follow-up to earlier recommendations provided by PRMTR. The country’s National Logistics Blueprint (developed by the Indonesian Government’s logistics team in Jakarta with PRMTR’s input) is being revised and the Action Plan will soon be finalized. Moreover, based on PRMTR’s advice, several pivotal decisions have been taken by the Indonesian Government, including: (i) the opening of its port for 24/7 operations; (ii) building a dry port; (iii) upgrading and expanding Tanjuk Priok port while waiting for a new port to be in place to reduce congestion; and the (iv) building of a railway linked to the port, which will be operational by 2011. Moreover, the Indonesia Government noted that priorities for the Action Plan has been defined around the 6 elements of the Logistics Performance Index (LPI), a PRMTR- developed database and report that measures logistics performance and identifies priorities for logistics reforms and investment.
Learn more about our Trade Logistics and Facilitation Program.



Seminar: Trends in Trade in Services and their Impact on Development
November 16, 2010 (Tuesday)
Time: 12:30 - 1:30 PM
Location: MC 9-100
World Bank Headquarters, Washington, D.C.

Presenters: Sebastian Saez, Senior Trade Economist, International Trade Department, World Bank and
Michael Engman, Economist, Financial and Private Sector Development, Africa Region, World Bank
Discussants: Steve Stewart, Director, Market Access and Trade, IBM Governmental Programs and
Jacob Funk Kirkegaard, Research Fellow, Peter G. Peterson Institute For International Economics
Chair: Bernard Hoekman, Director, International Trade Department, World Bank

Description: With technological advances in telecommunications and transportation, services have become increasingly tradable and present dynamic opportunities for many developing countries. This Seminar explores some of the trends and opportunities in services trade for developing countries, and examines how developing countries can maximize existing market opportunities to enhance their competitiveness in services exports. The presentations in this Seminar will focus on a recently published book - International Trade in Services: New Trends and Opportunities for Developing Countries - that provides both guidelines for the assessment of a country's trade in services potential and a road map to promote select services sectors.

More information about our events >>

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