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Trade Policy and Integration

Malawi Trade CentreThe World Bank's work in the area of trade policy and integration is divided into three broad components:

1.  Trade policy and market access - A country‘s ability to use trade to advance its development objectives depends in part on the market access conditions that confront its exports and on the policies affecting imports of goods and services. The trade policies of developed countries (such as support policies for agriculture in a number of high-income countries), can have negative effects on developing countries. Advocacy to remove such distortions, and to make international trade rules and institutions more supportive of the needs of developing countries, can have a direct impact on the poor. Thus, this component goes beyond traditional policies such as import tariffs to also cover behind-the-border policies that can affect trade patterns and the allocation of factors of production across industries within a country, including non-tariff measures (NTMs) and regulations in services industries.

2.  Regional integration and international cooperation -  This component addresses trade in a global setting, with a focus on both regional agreements and multilateral trade issues.

3.  Managing shocks and promoting inclusion - This component examines mechanisms through which trade dynamics and trade-related policy changes affect labor markets and volatility.

Recent Publications

NTMs A Fresh LookNon-Tariff Measures - A Fresh Look at Trade Policy's New Frontier  
Edited by Olivier Cadot & Mariem Malouche, July 2012

Non-Tariff Measures (NTMs) that are poorly designed or captured by special interests can hurt competitiveness and fragment markets, whereas well-designed ones can effectively overcome informational and other market failures. Assisting governments in the design of NTMs is a critical challenge for donors and development agencies. This volume draws on original data to shed light on some of the key analytical and policy issues. 

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Streamlining Non-Tariff Measures: A Toolkit for Policy Makers  
by Olivier Cadot, Mariem Malouche and Sebastian Sáez, April 2012

This resource helps policy makers and analysts address non-tariff measures (NTMs) by recognizing their complexity and variety with regard to objectives, procedures, and economic and societal impact. It also devises an adequate institutional framework to address NTMs which accounts for their cross-cutting nature as measures that involve several government agencies and stakeholders.

Preferential Trade Agreement Policies for Development: A Handbook

Preferential Trade Agreement Policies for Development: A Handbook
by Jean-Pierre Chauffour and Jean-Christophe Maur, July 2011

This handbook on PTA policies for development offers an introduction to the world of modern preferential trade agreements. It goes beyond the traditional paradigm of trade creation versus trade diversion to address the economic and legal aspects of the regulatory policies that are contained in today‘s PTAs.

Trade Finance during the Great Trade Collapse

Trade Finance during the Great Trade Collapse
by Jean-Pierre Chauffour and Mariem Malouche, June 2011

As the recovery unfolds, the time has come to provide policy makers and analysts with a comprehensive assessment of the role of trade finance in the 2008-09 great trade collapse and the subsequent role of governments and institutions to help restore trade finance markets.

Managing Openness: Trade and Outward-Oriented Growth after the Crisis

Managing Openness: Trade and Outward-Oriented Growth after the Crisis
by Mona Haddad and Ben Shepherd, March 2011

The global financial crisis triggered a broad reassessment of economic integration policies in developed and developing countries worldwide. The crisis-induced collapse in trade was the sharpest ever since World War II, affecting all countries and all product categories.

 

 




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