Reinvigorating the trade policy agenda: Think supply chain!
New research suggests that border management and transport and telecommunications infrastructure services matter far more than trade tariffs.
Import protection update: temporary trade barriers through 2011
Recent World Bank data suggest that the use of temporary trade barriers increased considerably for a handful of mostly emerging markets in the past year.
World Bank Group’s PREM: harnessing trade opportunities for growth and development
Average annual exports from low- and middle-income countries have expanded some 14 percent every year since 1990.
From Research to Action: Priorities for Least-Developed Countries in a Changing Global Economy
Is there a roadmap that countries can use to generate sustained economic growth and poverty reduction, even in a changing global economy?
World Bank Hosts First Joint Trade Workshop with the IMF and WTO
The goal of the first joint trade workshop was to exchange views on policy issues of common interest and discuss on-going research projects.
Globalization: Has it Helped or Hurt Women?
Where globalization may have had the largest gender impact is at home -- literally. As women got more jobs and bigger incomes, the power-balance within the household shifted. In places where it happened, the "feminization" of export industries raised the cost of forcing women to stay at home to care for children and the elderly -- when Mom or Big Sister can make a decent wage outside the house, their time suddenly becomes conspicuously valuable to the whole family.
Are Services the Trade of the Future?
Just a few decades ago, services such as tourism, distribution and communication were considered in the economic literature to be stagnant sectors or of little economic relevance. But now, they are a key determinant of overall countries competitiveness. Many of the costs that determine the competitiveness of domestic industries are associated with the availability and reliability of services.
Are Emerging Economies Center Stage in Trade?
What is the future of trade policy and the growing role of emerging economies in the trade arena? That was the question a selected panel of experts and commentators discussed at the Program of Seminars of the World Bank-IMF's Annual Meetings in late September 2011.
LAC Region: Helping Latin America Become the Global Granary
With agricultural productivity growing at a relatively higher pace than in other regions, Latin America has been gaining an increasing share of the global food markets. Cereal yields across Latin America grew at average annual rate of about 3.3 percent between 1990 and 2006 (compared to 1.7 percent for the rest of the world) and its share of global food exports grew from about 11 percent in 1995-1999 to 14 percent a decade later.
Shoe Molds and Scuba Divers - How Natural Disasters Affect Our Supply Chains
The floods in Thailand are again exposing the vulnerabilities of fragmented global supply chains.
Reliable Supply Chains: An Answer to Competitiveness and Growth Challenges
In today’s interconnected world economy, efficient, reliable and cost-effective supply chains have become necessities in global trade. Trading in a timely manner with minimal transaction costs allows a country to expand to overseas markets and improve its overall economic competitiveness.
Economic Premise: Gender - Informing Aid for Trade
The effects of policy interventions on women are of increasing concern to policy makers in all fields, and trade is no exception. This note reviews recent World Bank projects and studies that "gender inform" trade-related interventions, and it uses the Bank's experience to promote gender-equal opportunities by highlighting entry points at which trade projects, studies, and policies can effectively address gender issues.
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