The 36 year civil guerilla war has left Guatemala socially divided and shrouded in poverty. In 2000, President Alfonso Portillo took office as the country’s fifth civilian president since the reestablishment of its democratic process. Popular support of the government has declined in recent years due to a deteriorating economy, growing allegations of corruption and a perceived confrontational attitude towards the elite and the business economy. In efforts renew public trust in the system as well as strengthen investor confidence and alleviate economic strife, the government of Guatemala requested WBI assistance to improve governance in January of 2002.
Between December 12, 2002 and February 2004, the Anti-Corruption Commission (ACC) of Guatemala, Comisión por la Transparencia y Contra la Corrupción, now known as Oficina del Comisionado para la Transparencia y Contra la Corrupción worked with the support of World Bank Institute (WBI) and Guatemalan Civil Society on the implementation of a governance diagnostic study.
During this process, a local consulting firm, Humana XXI, was selected on October 2003 to carry out the first National Diagnosis on Transparency, Governance and Corruption in Guatemala. Four questionnaires were discussed and launched in July 2004: one to be applied to public officials, one to users of public services, one to enterprises and one to civil society organizations. The data collection was finished by September 2004.
The report presenting the main findings of the Governance and Anti-Corruption diagnostic assessment was completed by the local consultant Humana XXI in March 2005 and revised jointly by the Oficina del Comisionado para la Transparencia y Contra la Corrupción and the World Bank.
Revisions of the Executive Summary were completed in late December 2005 and they included additional analysis using other sources of information such as the World Economic Forum, Latinobarómetro and the Investment Climate Assessment produced by the World Bank.
Presentation by Francesca Recanatini at a workshop organized and sponsored by the Minister of Finance, Eduardo Weymann, and the Anti-Corruption Advisor, Edgar Gutiérrez, in Guatemala, April 23, 2002 (Spanish only)
Presentation by Francesca Recanatini to International Donors and Representatives of the International Community in Guatemala, April 24, 2002 (Spanish only)
Presentation by Francesca Recanatini at a meeting on the progress of anti-corruption efforts in Guatemala, June 28, 2002
International Workshop: "Strategies to fight corruption and to promote transparency from the Public Sector" Guatemala City, Guatemala (June 6- 8, 2005)
The purpose of this workshop is twofold, on one hand sharing results of the Governance and Anti-Corruption Diagnostic carried out in Guatemala, and on the other hand, learning from the experiences in organizing anticorruption efforts of the Mexican and Colombian governments.
Although diagnostic work in Guatemala is still underway, the process has already begun to impact the government. Below are links to National Initiatives undertaken by the Guatemalan Government.
Local Capacity Building
Titular de la SAE divulga programa del gobierno contra la corrupción, La Hora, May 11, 2002
Banco Mundial es excluyente con algunos sectores de la sociedad, La Hora, May 8, 2002
Foro Guatemala hace contrapropuesta al BM, SigloXXI.com, May 8, 2002 (Off-line)
Impulsaran plan anticorrupción en OJ, PrensaLibre.com, May 8, 2002
Condicionan presencia en plan anticorrupción, SigloXXI, April 25, 2002 (Off-line)
En marcha plan contra la corrupción, SigloXXI.com, April 24, 2002 (Off-line)
Since the 2002 request for WBI assistance, the Guatemalan government has held two National Workshops (in collaboration with the WB country unit and the WB social development network). The goal was to establish a sustainable partnership between government and civil society and create a Steering Committee. On December 12, 2002, President Portillo officially nominated the Steering Committee Members. Through local capacity enhancement efforts on the part of the WBI, the Guatemalan Steering Committee will be responsible for implementing diagnostic surveys, analyzing the results and will then develop an governance and anti-corruption strategy.
Steering Committee for Guatemala
For additional information regarding WBI's diagnostic work in Guatemala, please contact:
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