Recognizing the importance of improving service delivery and greater accountability in Haiti, the government created in 2004 the “Unite de Lutte Contre la Corruption”, a semi-autonomous body charged with taking the lead in establishing a broad-based national strategy to promote good governance and combat corruption.
There is widespread consensus and understanding among government and key civil society sectors in Haiti that corruption is a manifestation of multi-faceted, systemic weaknesses that can only be addressed through a broad program of governance, public sector reform and broader accountability throughout Haitian society and government.
In this context, the Government of Haiti (GOH), in collaboration with the World Bank Institute, decided to organize a national survey on governance and the perception of corruption. The empirical survey will provide the data and analytical information needed to mainstream governance in sectoral reforms and develop a more effective anti-corruption program and strategy. This activity is designed to assist the GOH and others in understanding the nature and causes of corruption in Haiti and help sequence reforms that would help curb corrupt practices and improve the delivery of services to citizens. A local survey firm, BRIDES, is responsible for the survey field work.
The survey was officially launched by the President of Haiti on September 2005.
A “Comite the Pilotage” (Steering Committee) has been established. The committee has 23 members that represent key sectors of civil society. A technical working group representing the steering committee monitored the survey process and coordinates technical aspects with WBI and the local survey firm. A report on the findings of the governance and corruption survey has been completed by BRIDES with technical assistance from WBI. The government of Haiti conducted a national dissemination of the results of the survey in Port-au-Prince in August 2007. (for further details please see under Dissemination). Dissemination in the provinces is ongoing.
Termes de Reference et Mode de Fonctionnement du Comite de Pilotage Enquete Nationale sur la Gouvernance et la Corruption en Haïti(32 kb, PDF)
The GAC Diagnostic in Haiti: Opportunities and Challenges:
Assessing Governance and Strengthening Capacity in Haiti
The report presenting the results of the Governance and Corruption diagnostic survey which covered households, public officials, private enterprises and NGOs, was completed by BRIDES with technical assistance from WBI. The findings of the survey will help identify priority sectors for the elaboration of a national strategy to improve governance and fight corruption. As the country is in the process of developing its PRSP, WBI will provide assistance in incorporating the results of the survey into the PRSP pillars addressing governance.
Download Report (7.42 mb PDF)
The first phase of the dissemination of the Governance and Corruption survey’s results took place in Port-au Prince from August 19 to 25 . More than 300 participants attended the event opened by the Prime Minister of Haiti. The results of the survey were presented as part of a four day seminar organized by the ULCC: the Colloque Scientifique: “Vers une Strategie Nationale de Lutte Contre la Corruption ».” The Colloque was widely covered by the Haitian media and included presentations from high level Haitian academicians, government and civil society representatives on the linkages between poor governance and poverty, the nature of corruption, state capture and the challenges that the government of Haiti faces to improve governance and reduce corruption.
Agenda-Colloque Scientifique (78.8 kb PDF)
After the presentation of the survey’s key findings which show governance weaknesses and the state of corruption, participants took part in working sessions with the objective of making concrete suggestions for reforms to be integrated in a national Governance and Anti-corruption strategy. The Colloqueresulted in a final declaration with specific proposals to reform the tax system, the education sector, on public financial management, on strengthening the role of the media and civil society organizations in the fight against corruption, and on mainstreaming governance in sector ministries.
Colloque Scientifique Declaration (278 kb PDF)
Upcoming steps will include the dissemination of the results of the survey in the provinces in October 2007. The ULCC will lead the preparation of the dissemination with support from WBI and MINUSTAH (United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti). WBI plans to continue to work with the government of Haiti and other local partners to agree on a set of priorities aimed at developing and strengthening the agency’s capacity to coordinate anticorruption prevention, to support outreach activities with sector ministries, local governments and local civil society initiatives aimed at improving governance.
Local Capacity Building
The "Fondation Heritage", the local chapter of Transparency International in Haiti, conducted a seminar on access to information on May 23, 2007. WBI supported the event with other partners. The objectives of the seminar were to raise awareness of the importance of access to information for fighting corruption; share knowledge and best practices on other countries initiatives to promote the adoption of access to information law; present the draft access to information law proposed by the "Fondation Heritage" and the challenges that Haiti faces to pass such a law.
Rapport de Synthese du Colloque Sur a l'information (in French, 87.3 kb PDF)
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