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Media Mentions Archive: 2004


We regularly gather news articles and other media mentions of governance and anti-corruption issues in the news. Whilst we hope this is a useful reference for you, the World Bank is not responsible for the views expressed in non-World Bank publications/articles. Nor is the World Bank specifically endorsing one publication over another. Furthermore, not all of the articles below are available for download due to copyright restrictions. If you would like a full copy of articles that are not available for download on our website, please contact the respective news sources.

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Corruption (Part 1 of 3): Who Pays the Price?
Voice of America Press Releases and Documents, Washington, DC, 17 December 2004

"Experts who analyze corruption say there is no way to eliminate the greed that is behind many criminal acts. But, there are effective strategies to fight corruption in countries big and small, and rich and poor. One strategy is to openly discuss the problem. The first of three instlaments on corruption by Voice of America begins with an assessment of the global reach of corruption and who pays the price.

Corruption (Part 2 of 3): What Can be Done to Fight It?
Voice of America Press Releases and Documents, Washington, DC, 17 December 2004

"At the World Bank one new idea is to 'name and shame' companies that don't play by the rules. "It is no secret that we have made mistakes in the past and some World Bank funded projects have been tainted," said Mr. Kaufmann. "There is a much tougher approach now". "The World Bank sponsors an anonymous phone line to take tips. Then it bans companies found guilty of wrongdoing and posts their name of the Web." "Mr. Kaufmann adds that fighting corruption is not just a job for governments or the World Bank. It's up to every exporter, business owner, judge, and citizen to build a world of integrity"

Corruption (Part 3 of 3): What is the Media's Role?
Voice of America Press Releases and Documents, Washington, DC, 17 December 2004

" There is an old saying that, 'Sunshine is the best disinfectant.' But shedding light in the dark corners of business and government can be dangerous work. Yet that's what investigative journalists do to keep the public informed. In this final instalment of the "Corruption" series, Paul Miller has a look at the role that the media plays in exposing corruption and the risks that reporters take.

No Country is Corruption-Free, Says World Bank by Kunle Aderinokun All Africa, Lagos, 13 December 2004

"A statement by the Director of Global Governance at the World Bank Institute, Mr. Daniel Kaufmann, noted that, "there is no such thing as zero corruption, even in countries that rate at the highest levels in terms of ethics and the control of corruption...Kaufmann, who made the comment in a radio interview with Corporate Communication as the Bank Group to mark the first anniversary of the signing of the United Nations Convention Against Corruption, said the standard definition of the phenomenon, "the abuse of public office for private gain", was too narrow and does not include more subtle and complex forms of corruption"

WB estimates global annual bribes at US$ 1 trillion
ITAR-TASS, 8 December 2004

"Kaufmann said corruption does not only include bribery, but also such "legal" forms, as influence-peddling, pressure from vested interests, and so-called "state-capture" by elite corporations influencing a country's policy ad legal environment. Kaufmann said decreasing corruption and increasing transparency results in an "enormous payoff" for countries. The positive effects increase in GDP per capita and a decline in infant mortality"

A Leading Expert Discusses Ways to Combat Corruption in Several Countries

The Irish, Poles and Czechs slip down index of corruption
Financial Times, UK, 20 October 2004

"Daniel Kaufmann, director of global governance at the World Bank Institute, the bank's think-tank, says the CPI has been important in raising awareness of corruption but there is still room for improvement in the index's accuracy, such as through relying on up-to-date information from a broader set of sources, which would make the ratings less imprecise."

Hazards of charting corruption: STATISTICS: A league table of perceived bad governance could unfairly hinder investment into low-ranked countries
Financial Times, UK, 20 October 2004

"Mr Kaufmann, a specialist on measuring levels of corruption and good governance, says that despite TI's keenness to publish its results in league table form, "no international indicator of governance, corruption or the business environment can be used for precisely ranking countries from best to worst."

It Pays for the U.S. to Go to the Bank 
Washington Post, 26 September 2004

"To take the most extreme example, the Treasury spent much of 2001 arguing that the bank was an incompetent public-sector institution with no idea how to measure the effectiveness of its aid; then it launched a new American aid program called the Millennium Challenge Account, which copies many of its effectiveness measures from the work of World Bank researchers."

The High Cost of Corruption: A Scourge That Afflicts Rich and Poor
by Zenit News Agency, 5 August 2004

Toronto, Ontario, 1 August 2004

"Contrary to common perception, corruption is rampant not only in developing but also in developed countries, with more than one trillion dollars being paid in bribes each year across the globe, according to the World Bank."

Grease Trade
The Wall Street Journal, Europe, 28 July 2004

" Daniel Kaufmann, governance director at the World Bank Institute, has put a figure on annual bribery world-wide at $1 trillion. If he is right, $400 billion may indeed be an underestimated."

Combating Corruption in the Multilateral Development Banks - Testimony before the Senate Foreign Relations Committee
Kimberly Ann Elliott for the Center for Global Development and Institute for International Economics, Washington, DC, 21 July 2004

Anti-corruption added to international corporate governance pact Associated Press, 25 June 2004

"The new anti-corruption platform targets, among other things, extortion and bribery. According to World Bank estimates, there were some US$1 trillion in bribes alone in 2003 in developed and developing countries."

How deep is corruption in Africa?
BBC News, UK, 23 June 2004

"In Nigeria, the international oil giant Shell admitted that it inadvertently fed conflict, poverty and corruption through its oil activities in the country."

New techniques help expose corruption
Oxford Analytica, 14 May 2004

"These surveys generally find very high rates of bribery, particularly in the developing world. One recent World Bank study, using data generated by cross-country surveys, reported that a lower bound on the value of bribes paid worldwide is one trillion dollars."

Testimony before the Subcommittee on Trade of the House Committee on Ways and Means at the Hearing on Trade with sub-Saharan Africa and H.R. 4103, the AGOA [African Growth and Opportunity Act] Acceleration Act of 2004
Stephen Hayes, President of the Corporate Council on Africa, Washington DC, 29 April 2004

"...With strong incentives for positive change, AGOA recognizes what recent studies are proving: real economic growth cannot occur without good governance, including the rule of law. Daniel Kaufman and others at the World Bank have proven this correlation. However, they have also found that this is not a virtuous cycle: growth does not necessarily lead to good governance. Thus we cannot simply invest in and trade with Africa and assume that governance will naturally improve as economies grow..."

Corruption Costs the World USD 1000 bn a year 
in SIFY, UK, 15 April 2004, and also in Deccan Herald

"The menace of corruption costs the world, including both rich and developing countries, a whopping 1000 billion dollars a year, a World Bank Institute study has said."

More than $1 trillion dollars is Paid in Bribes Each Year 
LiquidAfrica, 12 April 2004

"More than $1 trillion dollars (US$1,000 billion) is paid in bribes each year, according to ongoing research at the World Bank Institute (WBI)."

$2.7bn in Bribes Change Hands Daily, Says World Bank
This Day [Nigeria], 12 April 2004

"The World Bank on Thursday released a major report that says that more than $1 trillion is paid globally as bribe yearly."

World Bank Homepage Anti-Corruption Feature
(the following were all part of an April 2004 special on this topic)

World Economic Forum, Davos - 2004
Session: Turning Good Governance into Great Performance

Dr. Rice Previews President's Trip to Mexico
White House Press Briefing, 9 January 2004

"Dr. Rice: On fighting corruption - which, by the way, I think it's the World Bank that has called corruption a tax on economic growth, and therefore, a tax on the poor...."

Anti Corruption is Signed into Treaty
World Bank Internal Communications, 7 January 2004

"On December 11, 2003, more than 90 countries signed a landmark treaty: the UN Convention on Anti-Corruption. WBI’s Director of Global Governance Daniel Kaufmann made an opening plenary..."


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