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Media Mentions Archive: 1999 - 1994


We regularly gather news articles and other media mentions of governance and anti-corruption issues in the news. Whilst we hope this is a useful reference for you, the World Bank is not responsible for the views expressed in non-World Bank publications/articles. Nor is the World Bank specifically endorsing one publication over another. Furthermore, not all of the articles below are available for download due to copyright restrictions. If you would like a full copy of articles that are not available for download on our website, please contact the respective news sources.

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Here's One Top Ten List Nobody Wants to Make
By Timothy O'Brien, New York Times, 31 October 1999, in the Arts and Ideas section

"Like music CDs, box office receipts and the world's richest people, corruption has its own top 10 list. For the last five years, Transparency International, a nonprofit group based in Berlin that specializes in tracking global thievery, has released the annual..."

A Guide to Graft
Economist, 29 October 1999

"Attacking corruption, or at least appearing to, is a priority for almost every emerging economy. As academic evidence mounts that graft deters investment and economic growth..."

Debating Corruption: Causes and Characteristics
By S. Schmemann, New York Times, 29 August 1999

What Makes Nations Turn Corrupt? Reformers Worry That Payoffs and Threats May Be Accepted As Normal
Article by Serge Schmemann, New York Times, 28 August 1999 in the Arts and Ideas section

"As old as the forbidden fruit, and as hardy as a perennial, corruption is back in. Take Russia. When the Soviet Union first collapsed, the first worry in the West was of a Communist revanche. Then it was mass hunger. Then it was resistance to..."

Excerpt from James D. Wolfensohn's Journal
Journal entry by James D. Wolfensohn, 8 July 1999

"Let me go back to the 16th [of June] where I attended, first of all, a course on anti-corruption with seven African countries represented. This was put on by..."

A Decade of Transition: An Overview of the Achievements and Challenges
By Saleh Nsouli, Finance and Development, International Monetary Fund, 1 June 1999

"Since the fall of the Berlin Wall nearly a decade ago, the former centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe and the Baltics, Russia, and other former Soviet Union countries have made major strides in moving toward..."

IMF's New Aid Strategy Hitting a Nerve Overseas: Global Financial Crisis Puts Good Government Issues in Spotlight
By Michael M. Phillips, The Globe and Mail, Toronto, 19 March 1999

Remarks at A Global Forum on Fighting Corruption
Remarks by James D. Wolfensohn, 24 February, 1999

"MR. WOLFENSOHN: Thank you, Mr. Vice President, for a very stirring and meaningful introduction, filled with both background and practicality on this subject. Thank you, too, for your announcement about your desire to move further..."

The Fight Against Corruption (op-ed piece by Fred Hiatt, Washington Post, 21 February 1999)

"In between fund-raising calls next week, Vice President Gore will host the Global Forum on Fighting Corruption. Gore as conference chairman will seek to bolster the campaign against what in just the past few years has come to be seen as..."


Low Fidelity: Russia's pretend capitalism
By Virginia Postrel in Reason Online, November 1998

"Economist Daniel Kaufmann finds that Russian senior managers or business owners must devote 30 percent to 40 percent of their time to meeting with public officials, compared to 5 percent to 10 percent in Chile or El Salvador. Bribes cost $30,000 a year for a small enterprise in Russia, and those bribes don't even reduce the time lost to meetings with officials."

IMF and the World Bank produce joint study on corruption and development
Anadolu News Agency, October 28, 1998

"The International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank announced on Wednesday that "organized corruption is the greatest obstacle preventing development and a high-level struggle should be launched against it."

World Bank Urges Lebanon to Reform Economy
The World Reporter section of the Khaleej Times, Dubai, U.A.E., 12 September 1998

Corruption: Facing the Seamy Side of Economic Failure
By Flora Lewis, International Herald Tribune, 11 September 1998

"The taboo word 'corruption' is now front and center at international conferences on development, no longer the dirty word that no one is prepared to speak. This is a notable advance, because it is leading to some practical exchanges on how..."

The Law Is an Ass
The Economist, 29 August 1998

"In the last ever episode of Seinfeld—in case you somehow missed this year's big media event—the show's four stars are tried for failing to help a mugging victim, under a freshly introduced "good Samaritan" law. Naturally, the four self-absorbed..."

A World War on Bribery: The Costs of Corruption Have Reached Earth-shaking Proportions, Prompting Herculean International Efforts to Clear Out the Muck
By James Walsh, Time Magazine International, 22 June 1998

Comparing Corruption: New Report Challenges Some Myths
By Adrienne Roberts, Financial Mail, South Africa, 13 March 1998

Corruption in Transition Economies
Essay by Daniel Kaufmann, The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics and the Law, edited by Peter Newman, Macmillan Reference Limited, London, 1998, pp. 522-530

"While corruption is widespread in many areas of the world, independent surveys confirm that in the views of experts (who rate the overall evidence of corruption in a country), business people (who report on the prevalence of bribery of public officials..."


Iberoamerica: Anti-Corruption Efforts Help Development of South America
By José Zambrano, InterPress Service, 3 November 1997

Combatting a hidden scourge
By Paul Constance, IDB America Magazine, Inter-American Development Bank, November 1997

"Corruption. Ten years ago the word was rarely spoken in public, and even the news media handled the subject with kid gloves. But last September, hundreds of government officials, scholars, and civil society representatives from 90..."

Corruption, A Discussion with Daniel Kaufmann
National Public Radio's "Talk of the Nation", 15 October 1997

Corruption in the spotlight
By Martin Wolf, Financial Times, 16 September 1997

"'Let's not mince words: we need to deal with the cancer of corruption.' With these words, the president of the World Bank announced a crusade against corruption. The occasion was last year's annual meeting of his institution and its sister..."

Ukraine Tries Again to Free Economy
International Herald Tribune, August 30, 1997

"When transition started in Ukraine, the shadow economy was around 12 percent of GDP. Today, it is at least 50 percent and maybe even more, said Daniel Kaufmann, former World Bank representative in Kiev, now with the Harvard Institute of International Development..."

Market Growth Stalls in Eastern Europe - Speedy Reform Is No Tonic for Most Economies
The Wall Street Journal, August 25, 1997

"Less corruption and a friendly regulatory climate also means fewer businesses go into the shadows. Poland's unofficial economy accounts for 12% of the official, says Daniel Kaufmann, a World Bank economist. Russia tops the regional scales at more than 40% and Hungary isn't far behind at some 30%. Blame inadequacies in reform, he says..."

Peter Cook in Europe: An Unsavoury Silver Lining?
The Globe and Mail, Toronto, 14 July 1997

"The World Bank recently came out with a report devoted to the obvious. Its theme was that for a country to prosper it must have effective government. If institutions set up to protect or offer justice failed, so would the economy -- even under the most business-friendly regimes..."

Corruption: Can It Be Good for Us?
Foreign Policy journal article, in Minneapolis Star-Tribune, 30 June 1997

"The king shall protect trade routes from harassment by courtiers, state officials, thieves, and frontier guards...and frontier officers shall make good what is lost...Just as it is impossible not to taste honey or poison that one may find at..."

Corruption: The Facts
Foreign Policy, June 22, 1997

"[The King] shall protect trade routes from harassment by courtiers, state officials, thieves and frontier guards...[and] frontier officers shall make good what is lost..."

Shadow Economy: Bigger Than They Think
The Moscow Times, June 10, 1997

"Russia's gross domestic product is set to stay level or even shrink in 1997, say government statisticians. But as Ben Aris reports, alternative ways of assessing Russia's shadow economy point toward a rebound already under way."

Russia weighs price of privatisation
Financial Times, 9 May 1997

"As the euphoria inspired by the collapse of communism has given way to a more sober understanding of the difficulties of transition to a market economy, the problem of corruption has become the subject of intellectual debate..."


Ride a High Tax Horse
The Wall Street Journal, November 29, 1996

"Complaining about Russia's revenue shortfalls, the International Monetary Fund recently suspended disbursement of its monthly installments on Russia's 410 billion loan so as to push Moscow for improved tax collections."

A big tax cut to lift the economy. Not here, in Ukraine.
Peter Passell-New York Times, November 14, 1996

"Ukraine's Government is trying to convince its Western bankers at the International Monetary Fund and other institutions to countenance huge tax cuts....And strikingly, it has the backing of some high-powered economists..."

Ukraine's Underground Economy Thrives
The Asian Wall Street Journal, May 14, 1996

"There's a direct correlation between the level of economic liberalization and the size of the unofficial economy argues Mr. Kaufmann. He cites the example of one small Kiev manufacturer who faced a gantlet of 14 regulatory and permit steps to export a batch of socks to neighboring Poland."

Ukraine Thriving on Vibrant Underground Economy
Wall Street Journal, 12 May 1996


Economists Go Back to School
by Jill Barshay and Chrystia Freeland, Financial Times, 6 October 1994

"When Ukraine first became an independent state, cabinet ministers were apt to telephone western journalists in a frantic search for an explanation of basic economic terms such as 'balance of payments.'"

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