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Media Mentions Archive: 2006


We regularly gather news articles and other media mentions of governance and anti-corruption issues in the news. Whilst we hope this is a useful reference for you, the World Bank is not responsible for the views expressed in non-World Bank publications/articles. Nor is the World Bank specifically endorsing one publication over another. Furthermore, not all of the articles below are available for download due to copyright restrictions. If you would like a full copy of articles that are not available for download on our website, please contact the respective news sources.

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Chile blazes the trail for Latin America
Financial Times, 13 December 2006

"Chile's record has been built on sensible market-oriented policies and good institutions. According to the World Bank's governance indicators, Chile is far ahead of other Latin American countries in the quality of its political, legal and regulatory institutions (see chart). Similarly, the World Bank's Doing Business 2007 report places Chile in 28th rank, in terms of ease of doing business, against 43rd for Mexico, 101st for Argentina and 121st for Brazil. Moody's rates Chilean debt at A2. Even Mexico languishes at Baa1."

Strains of sleaze - Corruption   
The Economist, 11 November 2006

"A defense of subjective measures of corruption comes from Daniel Kaufmann, Aart Kraay and Massimo Mastruzzi of the World Bank Institute, who compile their own indicators, drawing on many of the same sources as TI. They find that expert opinions are more tightly correlated with the impressions of businessmen than they are with each other. 'Halo effects', as they are called, may be more of a problem. Perceptions of corruption in countries like South Korea and Thailand deteriorated along with their currencies in the wake of the financial crisis of 1997-98."

Trial puts spotlight on U.S.-Kazakh relations
International Herald Tribune and The New York Times, 8 November 2006

"Kazakhstan and Nazarbayev's stewardship of the country have been fodder for World Bank scrutiny. According to the bank's 2005 Worldwide Governance Indicators, Kazakhstan ranks with Angola, Bolivia, Kenya, Libya and Pakistan among the world's corruption hot spots."

Oil, Cash and Corruption Icon: Registration Required
New York Times, 5 November 2006

"'What we realized was that corruption is not just a moral or ethical issue but an economic development issue,' said Daniel Kaufmann, an economist who began the World Bank’s corruption studies. 'We estimated that with good governance, there is a threefold increase in per capita income as funds that should be allocated toward the gross domestic product are not siphoned off.'"

Measuring governance
Economist Intelligence Unit - Business Africa, 1 November 2006

"The World Bank publishes governance indicators for some 231 countries, in most cases covering the period from 1996 to 2005. Six dimensions are used to measure governance: voice and accountability, political stability and the absence of violence, government effectiveness, regulatory quality, rule of law, and the control of corruption. The latest indicators are based on hundreds of variables and reflect the views of thousands of individual and corporate respondents to surveys, as well as experts worldwide."

A V Rajwade: Political economy's dilemmas
Business Standard, 30 October 2006

"While cleaning up my stock of accumulated press cuttings over the Diwali holidays, so many reports left me depressed _ particularly, those which evidenced strongly that, as Mark Tully said so well in the title of his book, 'There are no full stops in India'. We recently topped the Business Bribe Payers Index released by Transparency International, the anti-corruption NGO. Incidentally, a recent report on governance indicators released at the IMF World Bank meeting in Singapore last month, places us at pretty low levels in respect of several measures."

China's losing battle against corruption
23 October 2006

"Whatever the truth behind Chen’s fall, and despite the widening corruption probe of other senior government officials, data and evidence recently released by the government and multilateral institutions suggest that the authorities are fighting a rearguard battle against a rising tide of graft.

Indeed, among the World Bank’s six 'Governance Indicators,' China’s scores on the 'Control of Corruption' index have actually slipped in recent years, from -0.20 in 1998 to -0.40 in 2002 and -0.69 in 2005. In 2005, the World Bank ranked China 142nd out of 204 countries on the 'Control of Corruption' index."

The Chinese Go After Corruption, Corruptly Icon: Registration Required
The New York Times, 22 October 2006

"To some extent, the corruption problem is not atypical for the country’s stage of development, some analysts say. In ratings by Transparency International, the global civil society organization fighting corruption, China ranks in the bottom half of the world, though not the very bottom. Daniel Kaufmann, an author of the World Bank governance survey, said that China had steadily declined in the bank’s corruption ranking.

'It is pertinent to ask the question of whether the measures and approaches being implemented are the most effective ones,' he said."

Nigerians At Foreign Embassies
All Africa, 18 October 2006

"While we appreciate the concern of both the Senate and the foreign affairs minister over the unspeakable humiliation of Nigerians at foreign embassies, we think the proper place to start to tackle the problem is the enthronement of a regime of good governance in Nigeria. The senate, by its constitutional functions, has a lot to do in this. Unfortunately, however, there seems to have been little progress on the road to good governance despite the mighty heavings of the Obasanjo administration. The World Bank report on Worldwide Governance Indicators for this year did not list Nigeria among African countries making progress in good governance and the curtailment of corruption."

China losing its battle with corruption
Japan Times, 2 October 2006

"Indeed, among the World Bank's six 'Governance Indicators,' China's scores on the 'Control of Corruption' index have actually slipped in recent years, from -0.20 in 1998 to -0.40 in 2002 and -0.69 in 2005. In 2005, the World Bank ranked China 142nd out of 204 countries on the 'Control of Corruption' index."

Korea improves government effectiveness: World Bank News, 28 September 2006

"Korea has made progress in government effectiveness, regulatory quality, corruption control and the rule of law, according to the Governance Matters 2006 report released by the World Bank. Korea was given a 1.0 in scroing for the effectiveness of government, which measures the competence of the bureaucracy and the quality of public service delivery, in 2005. The score showed an improvement from 0.92 in 2004, 0.91 in 2003 and 0.73 in 2000."

Korea's Press Freedom, Stability Suffer Setback
Chosun Ilbo, 28 September 2006

"South Korea's press freedom and political stability deteriorated last year, a World Bank survey says. Governance Matters 2006 published by the World Bank Tuesday looks at six governance indicators: Voice and Accountability, Political Stability/No Violence, Government Effectiveness, Regulatory Quality, Rule of Law, and Control of Corruption in some 200 countries. Korea's rating fell to 0.74 points in 2005, from 0.76 points in 2004 in Voice and Accountability, which measures the extent to which citizens are able to choose their government, freedom of expression, freedom of association and free media. Finland topped the list in this category last year with 1.49 points, and Burma came a sad last with -2.16, worse even than North Korea, which scored the second lowest -2.06. South Korea also fell slightly in Political Stability, from 0.44 points in 2004 to 0.43 points."

Nigeria's name missing among countries fighting corruption
The Daily Sun, 27 September 2006

"Despite the loud ovation that greeted the presentation of Chairman, Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC), Mallam Nuhu Ribadu, at the World Bank/ IMF spring meeting in Singapore, Nigeria’s name is conspicuously missing on the list of countries which have made progress in improving governance and curbing corruption. According to a new report, Governance Matters 2006: Worldwide Governance Indicators, released by the World Bank after the meetings, only African nations, such as Botswana, Ghana, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Mozambique and Liberia, are making progress in improving governance and curbing corruption."

Top Marks for Botswana
All Africa, 26 September 2006

"Botswana ranked number one in Africa and among the leading countries in the world last week in a new World Bank Institute report that claims to be the largest publicly available data resource on governance ever published. With a composite score of 74.3, Botswana occupies first position in Africa, followed by Mauritius (71), Cape Verde (61.5), Namibia (57.6) and South Africa (53.6). Among developing and middle income nations, Botswana is also placed above all but Chile (83.5) and a handful of smaller Caribbean states. According to World Bank Institute Director of Global Governance Daniel Kaufmann, the report's overall findings should also dispel a number of negative myths about Africa."

Governance poses test for World Bank
Financial Times, 26 September 2006

"After last week's undignified spat between the World Bank's management and some European donor countries over the Bank's anti-corruption strategy, the surprise is that the two sides agree on the main issues. The reason both sides are singing from the same hymn sheet on the principles is simple. The overwhelming evidence is that well-run countries offering fewer opportunities for public officials to take back-handers are richer than countries with weak institutions and poor governance. The World Bank, which leads the world in measuring governance and corruption, estimates that achievable improvements in subjective, but measurable, aspects of governance is associated with a tripling of income levels. It takes measuring governance very seriously, aggregating different sources of information from around the world into its annual governance indicators."

Angola is Portuguese-speaking nation to show most governance improvement in 2005
Macua-Hub, 25 September 2006

"Angola was the country with the worst governance amongst the Portuguese-speaking nations, but also showed the most improvement last year in a World Bank ranking in which Portugal and Cape Verde were the best placed amongst the eight countries of the Portuguese-speaking world. The Governance Matters V: World Governance Indicators 1996-2005, which assessed almost all the nations of the world in terms of the quality of their governance, showed up some interesting facts. Portugal has the most effective government amongst the eight countries, Angola is the most corrupt, and Cape Verde is, amongst the Portuguese-speaking African nations and Brazil, the country with greatest stability and Rule of Law."

Philippine economic growth to drift or take off?
Reuters News, 22 September 2006

"The World Bank has said the Philippines needs to stamp out corruption in all agencies, particularly the public works and main revenue agencies, to raise the people's trust in government enough for them to be convinced to pay the right taxes. In a World Bank report on governance indicators released last week, the Philippines' ranking in corruption control fell to 37.4 percent in 2005 from 50.5 percent in 1998."

Rwanda Beats Uganda On Governance, Says World Bank
All Africa, 22 September 2006

"UGANDA is the most politically unstable country in the region, according to a new report by the World Bank. Tanzania is rated the most politically stable country in the region at a percentile rank of 33, followed by Kenya (14), Rwanda (12), Uganda (10) and Burundi (6). Among Uganda's regional neighbours, the DR Congo is rated the most politically unstable country. But the report titled, 'Governance Matters, 2006: Worldwide Governance Indicators,' that was released in Singapore on September 15, credits Uganda for having one of the best 'regulatory quality' in Sub-Saharan Africa."

Why Nigeria is Not At Risk of Collapse Says World Bank
All Africa, 22 September 2006

The World Bank has refuted recent reports that Nigeria currently ranks as one of the fragile countries facing the risk of collapse in Africa, saying that the country has made significant progress in the fight against corruption which would have jeopardized her socio-economic stability.

Bank sets new strategies
Papua New Guinea Post Courier, 21 September 2006

"The World Bank will target governance, natural resource development and infrastructure in its next country assistance strategy for Papua New Guinea. PNG recently recorded the worst record in the region for in a World Bank-authored report containing governance indicators for over 200 nations, scoring 13 out of 100 in percentile rankings and on par with countries like Rwanda, Guinea, Kyrgyz Republic and Tajikistan."

The state of governance
Business Recorder, 21 September 2006

"The recently released Mahbubul Haq Human Development Report, 2006, presents a pretty bad picture of the governance scene in Pakistan, putting the country in the unenviable company of Nepal, Bhutan and the Maldives within the comparative context of South Asian nations. Using four indicators - government effectiveness, voice and accountability, political stability, and the rule of law - devised by the World Bank to measure good governance, it finds the system wanting in all these areas. That is hardly surprising given that the litmus test of the effectiveness of any political process, according to the report, is whether it is accessible to non-elite, especially the poor people."

The World Bank states that political stability in Russia is getting worse and...
The Russian Business Monitor, 20 September 2006

"The World Bank states that political stability in Russia is getting worse and current situation is only a little better than in unquiet 1996. In its research entitled Governance Matters, 2006: Worldwide Governance Indicators the World Bank pointed out that such parameters as freedom of society and efficiency of government activity grew noticeably worse in Russia."

Nigeria not on list of fragile states: World Bank
Xinhua News Agency, 20 September 2006

"The World Bank has said it is wrong to say that Nigeria had been added to the Bank's list of fragile states. Making this rebuttal in a statement made available to THISDAY in Abuja yesterday, Mr. Obadiah Tohomdet, Communications Officer of the World Bank Group, explained that rather than deteriorate, the country had made "good progress" in addressing conflict and corruption."

OSA stays, says Nazri
Sun2Surf, 19 September 2006

"'We need the OSA to carry out the government's task efficiently and without disturbance,' said Minister in the Prime Minister's Department Datuk Seri Mohamed Nazri Abdul Aziz in his reply to a supplementary question from Opposition Leader Lim Kit Siang (DAP-Ipoh Timur) in Parliament today. Critics say the OSA has been used by the authorities to curb freedom of information and it contributes to corruption. Responding to Lim on the continuous slide of Malaysia's ranking in the Worldwide Governance Indicators (WGI) 2006 conducted by the World Bank, the de facto Law Minister said the government has taken note of the matter and will make efforts to improve."

Pro-Arroyo solons say WB report misleading
Philippine Daily Inquirer, 19 September 2006

" ADMINISTRATION lawmakers in the House of Representatives yesterday dared the World Bank to produce evidence supporting its report that corruption in the country had worsened in the past eight years. They said the report was 'unfair, inaccurate and misleading.' The World Bank report, Governance Matters 2006: Worldwide Governance Indicators, which covered 209 countries, showed a sharp decline in the ranking of the Philippines in the benchmark for the control of corruption -- from 50.5 percent in 1998 to 37.4 percent in 2005."

Kenya ranked high in governance
Kenya Times, 19 September 2006

"KENYA has been ranked among Africa’s leading countries in government effectiveness. In a new World Bank report, the country is placed the 24th overall in the category of best performing states in transparency and accountability in Africa. The report, released in Singapore yesterday, also ranked Kenya high in the fight to stem corruption in the public sector. The report entitled: The New Governance Matters, 2006: Worldwide Governance Indicators, also positioned Kenya among the best in the promotion of free speech and democracy in Africa."

Uganda ranked 17th in transparency
New Vision, 18 September 2006

"UGANDA is ranked second in East Africa behind Tanzania and ahead of Kenya in government effectiveness. Uganda is also placed 17th overall in the category of best performing states in transparency and accountability in Africa, according to a new World Bank report released in Singapore on Friday. Uganda was also ranked high in the fight to stem corruption in the public sector. The report entitled The New Governance Matters, 2006: Worldwide Governance Indicators also positioned Uganda among the best in the promotion of free speech and democracy in Africa."

Thailand slipping on World Bank score table
Bangkok Post, 18 September 2006

"Thailand's governance rankings have mostly fallen over the past decade, particularly in areas like political stability, human rights and law, according to the latest World Bank survey. The World Bank on Friday released its latest Worldwide Governance Indicators report, a ranking of 213 countries in six key areas: voice and accountability, which measures political, civil and human rights; political stability; government effectiveness; regulatory quality; rule of law; and control of corruption. In five categories, the scores in 2005 were worse than those in 1996, with only control of corruption getting better."

'Give us some time' to lick corruption - Arroyo aide
Philippine Daily Inquirer, 18 September 2006

"President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo is aware of the problem and is giving anti-graft agencies the needed funding and support to get rid of the corrupt in government, according to Presidential Management Staff chief Arthur Yap. Yap made the statement in reaction to a World Bank report, Governance Matters 2006: Worldwide Governance Indicators, which said the Philippines has failed to improve in governance and curbing corruption after eight years."

RP slips in anti-graft drive -- World Bank
Philippine Daily Inquirer, 18 September 2006

"The ability of the Philippines to improve its governance and curb corruption has faltered over the past eight years despite its vibrant democratic society and free press, according to a World Bank report. The report, Governance Matters 2006: Worldwide Governance Indicators, which covers 209 countries, painted a sobering picture of global trends in governance. It was launched on the sidelines of the joint International Monetary Fund-World Bank annual meetings here."

India asks World Bank to focus on core development agenda
Organisation of Asia-Pacific News Agencies, 18 September 2006

"India on Monday lashed out at the World Bank for over-emphasis on issues of governance and corruption, which it said cannot replace the core of the development agenda, crucial for the uplift of millions of poor and downtrodden in developing and emerging economies. The World Bank on Friday came out with rankings of countries on parameters like corruption and governance. India ranked 47th in a list of 213 countries measured for their quality of governance in the Bank's report - Governance Matters 2006: Worldwide Governance Indicators."

World Bank Boss Under Fire
All Africa, 17 September 2006

"SOUTH Africa has joined a chorus of opposition at the annual meeting of the World Bank to new president Paul Wolfowitz's campaign against corruption in developing countries. SA Deputy Minister of Finance Jabu Moleketi said in an interview in Singapore that while the World Bank could not condone corruption, it should keep its focus on the primary goal of promoting development.
The World Bank Institute's global governance monitor gives SA a ranking of 382 out of 600 on six governance indicators, ranging from accountability to corruption control."

Raising the ranking
New Sunday Times, 17 September 2006

"LIKE all measures of the quality of governance, there are a host of problems, ranging from sample bias to insufficient transparency, with the World Bank's Worldwide Governance Indicators. Indeed, as the international body has acknowledged, there is no indicator that is 100 per cent reliable in the sense of giving completely accurate information. While the governance indicators may not tell the whole story, the fact remains that even the qualitative estimations, like those on corruption, reflect what goes on in daily life. We may be justified in disagreeing with some of the assessments, but we cannot ignore the fact that they are widely used by governments, businesses, aid agencies, scholars and even private citizens, in deciding on policy, giving advice on policy, making investments, or where to go for a holiday."

10 years on, we're only better in public services
New Straits Times, 16 September 2006

"The good news: Malaysia is doing better in terms of the quality of its public and civil services compared to 10 years ago. The bad news? The country's performance in other areas of governance such as accountability, control of corruption and rule of law is still lower than it had fared in 1996. In the World Bank's Worldwide Governance Indicators (WGI) report released yesterday for 213 countries from 1996 to 2005, Malaysia slid in its performance on many of the six good governance indicators for countries worldwide."

World Bank ranking slams India on governance norms
Indian Express, 16 September 2006

"While India may score high with the World Bank on growth, the story on governance is very different. A report on Governance Indicators released at the IMF-World Bank annual meeting in Singapore puts India at abysmally low levels. In a database of 213 countries that measures the political, economic and the institutional aspects of governance, the World Bank report ranks India at half or below half on most indicators."

Act soon against corruption, World Bank tells India
The Hindu, 16 September 2006

"India's rapid economic growth is at the risk of tripping if the country does not curb corruption and enforce rule of law, the World Bank has warned in a report. The world's second most populous nation ranks 47th in a list of 213 countries measured for their quality of governance in a new World Bank report - Governance Matters 2006: Worldwide Governance Indicators. World Bank Global Governance Director Daniel Kaufmann, who termed the ranking as 'not in the right zone,' said that the country must 'pay priority to these issues' to maintain its rapid GDP growth."

S'pore gets top marks from World Bank
Business Times Singapore, 16 September 2006

"The World Bank yesterday gave Singapore continuing good marks for the way it is governed, with the republic probably still among the world's top 10 per cent of well-run countries. Of the six governance indicators in the World Bank study, Singapore's ratings for four of them are in the top-ranked 90th percentile - that is, 90 per cent of countries ranked below."

How Do Countries Score on Governance?
World Bank, 15 September 2006

"The research contained in a new report, Governance Matters 2006: Worldwide Governance Indicators, also shows more than about a dozen non-OECD countries including Slovenia, Chile and Estonia, score higher in the rule of law and control of corruption indicators than some industrialized countries such as Greece and Italy."

How long and how far can India grow being 47th in high corruption
India Daily, 15 September 2006

"According to a World Bank study on quality of governance across countries, China was placed at 31, while India ranked 47 in the list of most corrupt countries. A country could get away in the short term with that kind of high corruption and that short term could be 10 years."

World Bank chief defends graft plan, denies UK row
Reuters News, 15 September 2006

"New World Bank indicators show that governance and corruption are not problems for developing countries alone. The bank's Governance Matters 2006 indicators score developing countries like Slovenia, Chile, Botswana and Estonia higher when it comes to rule of law and controlling corruption than some wealthier nations like Greece and Italy. 'After the scandals that have taken place, it is a stretch to say there is no corruption in the rich world,' Daniel Kaufmann, director of global governance at the World Bank Institute, told Reuters."

Report on governance paints a grim picture
Channel News Asia, 15 September 2006

"Industrialized and developing countries have shown little improvement in terms of governance over the past decade. This finding is contained in the World Bank's new report, Governance Matters 2006: Worldwide Governance Indicators. In the view of Daniel Kaufmann, Director of Global Governance at the World Bank Institute and co-author of the report, good governance improves the income per capita of a country by three times in the long term, something he terms 'the 300 percent development dividend.'"

Report Gauges Quality Of Governance Worldwide
Radio Free Europe, 15 September 2006

"The World Bank today released its seventh report on the quality of governance in countries around the world. RFE/RL correspondent AndrewTully spoke with Aart Kraay, one of the authors of the World Bank report, about its findings."

World Bank releases Worldwide Governance Indicators
Xinhua News, 15 September 2006

"'The release of the indicators demonstrate that governance can be measured, that poor governance is not an exclusive challenge of the developing world,' said Daniel Kaufmann, Director of Global Governance at the World Bank Institute, at a press conference held here."

Singapore among top 10 countries with good governance
Channel News Asia, 15 September 2006

"Singapore is among the top 10 countries in the world with good governance based on the latest World Bank report. 'Singapore rates extremely well in 5 out of the 6 governance dimensions. These are important achievements by Singapore almost across the board. Singapore is certainly in the top 5 or top 8 of the world. Certainly, everyone knows it's used as a case study in the rule of law, government effectiveness and the control of corruption,' said Daniel Kaufmann, World Bank Institute."

Reforms Earning Countries Higher Incomes, World Bank Reports - New governance indicators released ahead of annual Bank/IMF meetings
United States' State Department Press Releases And Documents, 15 September 2006

"Countries that invest in reforming their government can expect significant development gains and increased per capita incomes, the World Bank says. In a September 15 press release on Governance Matters V: Worldwide Governance Indicators 1996-2005, Daniel Kaufmann, the bank's director of global governance, said reforming countries are finding that 'good governance' is being recognized by foreign investors, aid donors, government officials and citizens 'as crucial to higher living standards and poverty alleviation.'"

World Bank applauds African countries
African News Dimension, 15 September 2006

"World Bank, in a research report, has cited five African countries among those that have made progress in improving governance and curbing corruption."

Some OECD countries have high level of corruption: World Bank Report
United News of Bangladesh Limited, 15 September 2006

"Bangladesh is often widely criticized by the development partners, but a new study of the World Bank found some of the developed countries, even the OECD ones, have high level of corruption, lack of governance and rule of law. 'Larger countries have high level of corruption on average,' said Dani Kaufmann, director of the Global Governance at the World Bank Institute and co-author of the study report. 'This is not a steadfast rule,' Dani, however, said, replying to a question. He added that there are some differences -- some small countries have worst form of corruption and lack of governance."

China, India Must Curb Corruption, or Else Growth Will Falter, World Bank Official Says
Associated Press, 15 September 2006

"China and India must move to curb corruption or else their booming economies will likely falter, a senior World Bank official said. The giant Asian neighbors are growing at annual rates of 10 percent and 8 percent respectively, the fastest among the world's major economies, but both score poorly on controlling corruption, according to a World Bank study on quality of governance across countries released Friday."

World Bank Survey Shows Improved Governance in Armenia
Armenia Liberty, 15 September 2006

"Armenia has made progress in curbing corruption and improving the rule of law in the past eight years, but it is still governed worse than most countries of the world, according to a World Bank survey released on Friday. The bank’s 2006 Worldwide Governance Indicators report, which draws on extensive research conducted by other organizations, shows a marked improvement in the quality of governance in Armenia, putting it well above the ex-Soviet average."

Indonesia earns praise for anticorruption efforts
Jakarta Post, 15 September 2006

"It went beyond his love for Indonesia when World Bank president Paul Wolfowitz cited a number of programs in the country to promote his anticorruption drive during the bank's annual meeting in Singapore. 'The purpose (of the bank's Strategy Paper on Governance and Anticorruption) is not to find a reason to cut back on lending; on the contrary, it is to make the quality of our lending better and to make sure that the lending and grant-making that we do goes where it is supposed to go, which is to help the poorest people in the world,' he said."

Pakistan's record in 'good governance' worst in sub-continent
Business Recorder, 14 September 2006

"Good governance is a distant dream for South Asia, and more so for Pakistan whose record is almost the worst, except Nepal or Bhutan, in the sub-continent."

Groups Delivering Foreign Assistance Shine Light On Corruption
All Africa, 17 August 2006

"World Bank President Paul Wolfowitz said in a July 31 speech in Washington that his predecessor, James Wolfensohn, made the right move in 1996 when he set out to 'fight the cancer of corruption.' In its upcoming annual meeting, to be held in Singapore in September, the bank will propose to involve local civil society groups, media, nongovernmental organizations and parliaments as partners in battles against corruption"

Panama: A Wider Canal or More Payola?
Opinion: Council on Hemispheric Affairs, Scoop Independant News, New Zealand
9 August 2006

"According to a study conducted by Aart C. Kraay , Daniel Kaufmann and Massimo Mastruzzi for the World Bank, the control of corruption in Panama in 2004 was at -0.06 (out of a -2.5 to 2.5 scale, with higher values corresponding to better government), representing little change in the high negative rating issued in 2002."

Tax, corruption scare investors
The Nation, Nairobi, Kenya 07 July 2006

"Poor infrastructure, high interest rates and a rigid tax regime are the major obstacles to doing business in Kenya, a World Bank survey reveals.
Presented by the institution's director of global programmes, Daniel Kaufmann, it cites corruption as another major hurdle."

How to improve dented image: WB
The Nation, Nairobi, Kenya 06 July 2006

"The World Bank is urging the Government to use local authorities as avenues to improve its dented image on corruption and governance.
The bank's director of global governance, Mr Daniel Kaufman, said yesterday that many countries had successfully improved on the two issues through local authorities, which were in direct contact with the local people."

Bank's fears over war on graft
The Nation, Nairobi, Kenya 05 July 2006

"The fight against corruption in the country has virtually stalled and efforts must be made to revive it, the World Bank said yesterday. The bank said little was happening on the investigation and prosecution of grand corruption cases."

Kenya has lost the war on graft - World Bank
The Standard, Nairobi, Kenya 05 July 2006

Kenya's anti-graft fight has stagnated - World Bank official
BBC Monitoring Africa, 05 July 2006

"Kenya's fight against corruption has stagnated, the World Bank has said. Whatever efforts have been put place to tame the hydra-headed vice are painstakingly slow, the bank's country director, Colin Bruce, says. While the country has planted good seeds for fighting the vice, there were no fruits to show for the efforts, the official added."

World Bank mission in Kenya over governance reforms
People's Daily Online, 01 July 2006

"A mission from the World Bank is currently in Kenya discussing the government's reforms on governance and the fight against corruption, a senior official said on Friday.
Kenya's Finance Minister Amos Kimunya said the mission would review and document the crucial ongoing and planned work in governance and anti-corruption work undertaken by the east African nation through programs, which have involved a cross-section of Kenyans."

The free press and poverty
BusinessWorld, 26 June 2006

"Moreover, by acting as a watchdog of government, the media ensures that public money is well spent and that the poor benefit from public funds. 'Independent media offer the greatest challenge both to acts of corruption as well as the social norms surrounding corruption, which make it permissible and expected," said UNESCO. "In the fight against corruption, there is no more efficient or effective weapon than a free press.' Daniel Kaufmann, director of Global Programs and Governance at the World Bank Institute, provided empirical proof of this contention, presenting graphs that showed that the countries with a free press also scored lower on the corruption scale."

Corruption in multinationals: Expert calls for enhanced efforts
Business Day, 14 June 2006

"Daniel Kaufmann, director of global governance at the World Bank has called for enhanced efforts to address bribery, mostly in the private sector and multinational corporations. ... He said: 'One does not fight corruption by merely fighting corruption. Systemic governance reforms are often needed in revamping the judiciary, customs and budget institutions, and in instituting media freedoms and women’s rights, for instance.'"

Cost of graft
India Express , 02 June 2006

"The highlight of a symposium organised by the Independent Commission Against Corruption in Hong Kong last month was the keynote address by Daniel Kaufmann, the director of Global Governance at the World Bank Institute. Kaufmann said, 'One does not fight corruption by merely fighting corruption'. His thesis was that 'it is unrealistic and simplistic to believe that major progress in addressing corruption can be achieved by simply focusing on some mid-level bureaucrats who may be taking bribes. It is important to tackle the more fundamental governance weaknesses in key institutions, and not to focus exclusively on a few specific projects, or only on public sector, or solely on developing nations.'"

Corruption can be rooted out, says World BankIcon: Registration Required, 19 May 2006

"The World Bank under its current president, Paul Wolfowitz, has made headlines for its decision to make corruption and governance issues a core part of decisions on extending loans to client governments. To detractors, this is an American neo-con fantasy, either a noble but foolish effort or an outright political attack on Washington’s opponents. Under this thinking, corruption is relative and hard to quantify, while good governance is a luxury for rich countries.

Not so, argues Daniel Kaufman, director of global governance at the World Bank Institute, a research arm of the organisation based in Washington, DC, who recently covered the subject at a lunch in Hong Kong sponsored by the Asia Society. He peppered his arguments with references to his own country - Chile - an emerging market that thanks to proper governance from the top echelons of political life has surpassed its Latin American neighbours across any economic or social indicator."

Blacklisting and sanction of corrupt firms hailed
China Daily, 12 May 2006

"'It is considered a very significant deterrent for corruption. After we have announced the list publicly, other organizations will not use these firms,' Kaufmann said.

He said although the list was not legally bound, many of the corrupt firms and persons were driven out of business. "We have dealt a great blow to these corrupt firms,' he said."

World Bank kudos in war on graft
South China Morning Post, 12 May 2006

"'Hong Kong exhibits very high levels of probity, and our governance indicators rate it very highly indeed,' said Daniel Kaufmann, director for global programs at the World Bank Institute, which helps countries share knowledge.

'The World Bank ought to remain engaged throughout the developing world, even if there is a high level of corruption,' said Kaufmann, who released a survey on corruption perceptions at the third Independent Commission Against Corruption Symposium."

Call for corrupt firms to be named and shamedIcon: Registration Required
The Standard, 12 May 2006

"Daniel Kaufmann, director of global programmes at the World Bank Institute, said shaming was more effective as a punishment and deterrent than the actual sanctions because of the damage caused to the firms' reputations."

Transparency reforms the key to controlling corruption
Jakarta Post, Indonesia, 08 May 2006

"Jail sentences are becoming more and more common for those judged guilty of corruption, but according Daniel Kaufmann of the World Bank, prison is not going to be enough to wipe out graft. Kaufmann, an expert on corruption monitoring and control systems, and director of Global Programs at the World Bank Institute, discussed issues of governance and corruption with The Jakarta Post's Riyadi Suparno."

Donors in denial on graft, warns World BankIcon: Registration Required
Financial Times, 08 May 2006

"The World Bank's top governance expert has warned that anti-corruption plans being drafted by the bank will fail unless they can win broad support in a global development community where major donors remain in denial about their own problems with graft.

Daniel Kaufmann, the Chilean economist who is head of governance at the World Bank Institute, the lender's think-tank, said establishing a 'global partnership' with other donors was expected to be a main pillar of the new anti-corruption strategy."

INTERVIEW: World Bank Pilots Corporate Graft Amnesty Ops
Dow Jones International News, 08 May 2006

"JAKARTA (Dow Jones)--The World Bank is piloting an amnesty program for corporations involved in corrupt activities who provide details of their crimes to the multilateral lender's investigation department, a senior bank official said recently. The program allows companies with World Bank contracts to confess acts of graft and bribery of government officials in return for immunity from the bank's blacklist of corrupt companies, Daniel Kaufmann, global programs director at the World Bank Institute, told Dow Jones Newswires in an interview. 'It's called the voluntary disclosure program and it's potentially a goldmine (in battling corruption),' Kaufmann said."

Private interests undermine good governance in developing economies
Daily News, Sri Lanka, 04 May 2006

"The media in developing economies such as Sri Lanka have a greater role to play to strengthen civil society efforts to ensure good governance by highlighting public and private sector corruption, Director, Global Programmes and Governance, World Bank Institute Daniel Kaufmann said in Colombo."

Incentives help boost transparency
Bangkok Post, Thailand, 04 May 2006

"Offering incentives is the best way for countries to promote good governance in government and the private sector, a World Bank official said yesterday.

Daniel Kaufmann, director of the World Bank Institute on Governance, said offering incentives rather than punishing wrongdoers was the best way to increase transparency.

'Rather than simply increasing penalties, we should also look at incentives to convince those in public office as well as corporations and the banking sector to comply with transparency rules and accountability,' he told a World Bank seminar on governance and corruption."

Poverty eradication linked to press freedom
Asia-Pacific Broadcasting Union, Malaysia, 02 May 2006

"There is a direct link between the freedom of the media and the ability of countries to eradicate poverty, a conference in Colombo, Sri Lanka, was told today.

Daniel Kaufmann, Director of Global Programs and Governance for the World Bank Institute, said there was a lot of evidence to support this contention."

The Payola Game
The New Yorker, United States, 17 April 2006

"Bribing, it turns out, doesn’t always speed things up: in a vast study of twenty-four hundred companies in fifty-eight countries, Daniel Kaufmann, of the World Bank, and Shang-Jin Wei, of the I.M.F., found that the more a company had to bribe, the more time it spent tied up in negotiations with bureaucrats. Graft also encourages government officials to keep complicated procedures in place, since that insures that the bribes keep coming. So corruption isn’t just a product of bad institutions and policies; it also helps cause them."

Stagnation marks anti-corruption fight
International Herald Tribune, 13 April 2006

"'There has been no global improvement on average,' Daniel Kaufman, the director of global programs at the World Bank Institute in Washington, said by phone. 'It is quite sobering. The average quality of governance worldwide has remained stagnant.'"

Can Simpson Miller eliminate corruption?
Jamaica-Gleaner, Jamaica, 09 April 2006

"Many scholars have posited various definitions of corruption, but Daniel Kaufmann narrowly defines it as "the abuse of public office for private gain." Some examples of corrupt behaviour include bribery, extortion, fraud, embezzlement, nepotism, cronyism, influence peddling and an appropriation of public assets and properties for private use."

Economic resilience in small states
The Sunday Times, Malta, 02 April 2006

"The Economics Department and the Islands and Small States Institute of the University, together with the Commonwealth Secretariat will be organising an international workshop on "Constructing an Index of Economic Resilience" with a focus on small states. The workshop will be held at the University Gozo Centre, between April 10 and 12.

High-profile experts participating in the seminar include Eliawony J. Kisanga, director of the Economic Division of the Commonwealth Secretariat, Beris Gwynn, director of the Foundation for Development Corporation, Australia, Daniel Kaufmann, director of Global Governance of the World Bank Institute, and Mary Pat Silveira, chief of the UN Division for Sustainable Development."

A false perception of Africa
Business in Africa, 07 March 2006

"A recent report by Dr. Daniel Kaufmann, Director of Global Programmes for the World Bank, found that firms in developing countries ranked corruption as the number one constraint to business, followed by bureaucracy, policy instability and financing. The report goes on to say that a country could improve its position on the Global Competitive Index by 30 ranks (out of 105) if it could reduce the extent of corruption by 1 standard deviation."

More don't than do pay bribes when overseas 
The Sydney Morning Herald, Australia, 6 February 2006
(similarly found in The Age, Australia)

"If you have been discussing the AWB affair with your friends and colleagues, you will probably have heard the line that AWB was doing what everyone does in countries like Iraq and just had the misfortune to be noticed. ... The argument goes that it is impossible to get business done in large parts of the world without paying kickbacks to officials and it is also often argued that companies such as AWB come under particular pressure to pay up, because they come from rich countries, and because they are outsiders. ... World Bank staff members Joel Hellman and Daniel Kaufmann teamed with a Massachusetts Institute of Technology academic, Geraint Jones, in 2002 to dissect the results. As with previous studies, the trio found that the payment of kickbacks in return for deals in such countries is common - but far from universal. And nothing in the survey results supported a claim that western firms come under extraordinary pressure. The evidence does suggest that they are more inclined to pay kickbacks than domestic firms in the same countries."

Good News, Prime Minister, We're Still Ranked Above Bangladesh 
OfficialWire, New York, 1 February 2006

When in July 2005 the Group of Eight countries announced their decision to double aid and debt relief to Africa, they pontificated to the rest of the world about the importance of reducing corruption. Even a glancing peek at the hard data suggests they might have accomplished more by lecturing each other.... The chapter on 'Myths and Realities of Governance and Corruption' of the World Economic Forum's 'Global Competitiveness Report 2005-2006' concludes it is a big mistake to believe that the governments of developing nations alone set 'the rules of the game'. To the contrary, Daniel Kaufmann, Director of Global Programs at the World Bank Institute, points out, powerful private interests use their wealth to exert undue influence in shaping public policy. In extreme cases they achieve complete control of state institutions.

Soludo to Address World Economic Forum Icon: Registration Required
This Day, Lagos, 12 January 2006

The Governor of the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN), Prof. Charles Soludo has been invited to address world's political and business leaders at the Annual Meetings of the World Economic Forum... Soludo is billed to speak on "Purse Strings and Democracy", along side such international figures as Vaira Vike-Freiberga, President of Latvia; Daron Acemoglu, Professor of Economics Massachusetts Institute of Technology, USA; Youssuf Boutros-Ghali, Finance Minister of Egypt; Dani Rodrik, Professor, FK Kennedy School of Government, Havard University, among others on January 25... On the following day, he will discuss Global Business Competitiveness in a panel which will include Jean-Francois Cope, Minister Delegate for Budget and State Reform, spokesman for the Government of France; Daniel Kaufmann, Director, World Bank Institute Washington, D.C., Kenneth Rogoff, Professor of Public Policy and Economics, Havard University, Xavier Sala-i-Martin, Professor of Economics, Columbia University, USA; and Mark B. Fuller, Chairman/CEO Monitor Group USA.

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