How Paraguay Took the Lead in its Governance StrategyWorking in partnership with the Inter-American Development Bank, the World Bank Institute's "learning by doing" approach focused on helping the country learn from other country experiences, deploy best practices for effective governance measurement and increase its capacity for coalition building, state-civil society cooperation, and statistical analysis. During its initial engagement, WBI provided significant technical assistance to the Paraguay counterparts including multiple missions to Asuncion to assist the in-country team with organization, data analysis and dissemination. By 2004, when CISNI and the state statistical agency decided to undertake a follow-up diagnostics survey, the Bank’s role was much less important. WBI provided a week-long intensive statistical methods training workshop in DC for the Paraguay team which then went on to execute the data collection and analysis independently.
Back in 1999, Paraguay asked the World Bank to help diagnose its governance problems and develop a strategy for addressing them. The Bank deployed a two track system aimed at supporting efforts to measure governance for reform action planning as well as the country focus on improved public procurement. The first track focused on helping the country map and measure governance challenges through a survey of households, private firms and public officials.
The 2004 survey allowed the country to measure progress against the 1999 benchmark and to update its national anti-corruption action plan. It showed significant deficiencies in the governance structure of the Supreme Court and Judicial Monitoring system and provided the basis for major restructuring. Further, good governance champions within the Paraguayan government have actively used the diagnostic results to quell resistance within government to reforms and create consensus around needed changes. The country aims to see if its policy measures have taken hold and will further test the strategy with the new survey in 2008.
The second track helped promote reforms in the Ministry of Finance as a part of a pilot effort to mainstream reforms across the public sector. Since this effort began there have been some noticeable improvements in many areas of the revenue collection and public expenditure management functions of the Ministry.
The experience of Paraguay shows the potential for improvements over time in dealing with deeply entrenched governance issues. As a result of its commitment to this agenda, Paraguay has developed an institutionalized governance advocacy agency (CISNI , Consejo Impulsor del Sistema Nacional de Integridad, updated its National Integrity Plan to guide reforms, and is in planning a third diagnostic survey in 2008. More importantly, over the past few years, Paraguay has begun to register improvements not only in some of it country diagnostics, but also on the Transparency International Index and in several dimensions of the WBI Worldwide Governance Indicators.
In 2004 the Consejo Impulsor del Sistema Nacional de Integridad (CISNI) and the institution in charge of the statistical information in Paraguay -Dirección General de Estadística, Encuestas y Censos (DGEEC) embarked on a follow-up of the Governance and Diagnostic work carried out in 1999. This effort will provide information to the Government of Paraguay to monitor progress made on the areas of governance and anti-corruption since 1999 and it will provide information to update the governance strategy - Plan Nacional de Integridad- drafted in that year.
Building on capacity developed during the first round of the diagnostic CISNI executed the surveys, data collection and analysis. The World Bank supported the process with technical assistance.
Household Survey (Spanish): Download 176 kb PDF
Public Officials Survey (Spanish):Download 193 kb PDF
Private Enterprises Survey (Spanish): Download 182 kb PDF
Draft of Executive Summary: Download 613 kb PDF
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