June 15-26, 2009
Washington, D.C., USA
This two-week course sensitized policymakers and practitioners to the need for reform in governance in the education sector for the purpose of improving efficiency and reducing corruption to accelerate progress towards education goals. This program helped participants develop tools to identify and assess corruption, and ultimately to improve transparency in order to combat corruption and improve management in the education systems in their countries.
Good governance in education concerns the distribution of power in decision-making at all levels of the education system -- from ministry to school and community -- and helps to address the persistent inequalities, seeking to improve quality through practical policies. Given the current global financial situation, it is becoming increasingly clear that the need for better management of available resources was a key element in promoting education development, especially in the countries with the least amount of resources. Resources for essential programs throughout governmental administration in many countries are often lacking due to misuse and/or mismanagement, and unfortunately, the Education sector is no exception. For this reason the World Bank Institute has made Governance one of its primary focus areas in the development of its new operational strategy.
In a growing number of countries, financial responsibility and management are being transferred to lower levels of government, local communities and school providers. This decentralization, placing decision-making closer to communities, is seen as making systems more responsive to local needs and giving the poor a greater voice. However, decentralization can also be a potential driver of inequalities and inefficiencies if not well-conceived and implemented.
The course content drawn upon key lessons from case studies and the publication of a vast array of research, as well as presentations by representatives of organizations such as Transparency International (TI), the Open Society Institute (OSI), the Organization for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD), the International Institute for Educational planning (IIEP), and of course the World Bank. Participants developed awareness in the areas in which corruption is likely to take place in the Education sector and the forms it may take, such as bribery in teacher recruitment, “ghost” teachers, illegal school fees, and leakage of funds between the central government and the schools. Quality assurance linked to the challenge of internationalization of higher education, is a critical need to address the severe and negative impacts of corrupt practices within the education sector that often lead to academic and accreditation fraud.
The course began by examining the Corruption Perception Index and discussing the overall characteristics of corruption, before moving into practical tools for diagnosing and assessing distorted practices in the management of education resources. Participants had the opportunity to learn how to design and implement strategies to improve transparency and accountability in education, and discussed the importance of educating the younger generation about ethics in order to change processes and behaviors which allow corruption to continue.
This course was taught in English, and included lectures, discussions, videoconferences and practical exercises.
Registration is closed.
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