A new diaspora agenda builds on the premises that the increased salience of diaspora networks has more than a direct economic impact on home countries- either through technology transfer or “knowledge networks”.
Diasporas of highly skilled can contribute to institution-building in home countries. Multiple incremental contributions from highly-skilled diaspora members lead to the transformation of home-country private and public sector institutions.
The Mac Arthur Foundation supports a project which focuses on two main objectives: (i) advancing the understanding of why and how such institutional developments are happening and (ii) developing approaches to incorporate the findings in institutional development of developing countries.
The project will work with empirically-based case studies of diaspora-home country interactions. Several focus countries -- Mexico, Russia, India, Argentina, South Korea and Morocco -- will be explored in depth. The objective of these case studies is to inform and advance the policy debate; thus, the specific focus will differ from country to country.
Policy and institutional development, or – how to incorporate the findings in institutional development of developing countries – will be analyzed through policy research focused on specific issues and articulation of South-South networks of diaspora professionals.
This study will document emergence of open migration chains -- sequences of educational or job opportunities which allows a migrant to move to progressively complex educational and job tasks necessary to work in the global environment.