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    Domestic wastes pollution reduction and management

    Two Iranian and one Russian project with large budgets are contributors in this field, occupying 30% of grant resources, or $272K.

    The project, “Decrease of the pollution from the sewage, discharged into the river Volga,” proposed by the municipal enterprise, “Vodocanal,” (Astrakhan oblast, Russia, $99,700), is aimed to improve the treatment of waste water from a district with a population of 100,000 by the partial renovation of existing water treatment system and the establishment of modern aeration system. The reduction of major polluters concentration to permissible levels is expected to be achieved by the end of the project in December 03. (See photo 6.)

    The project, “Household Wastewater Management in Shahid Rejaii Neighborhood of the coastal city of Kiashahr Project” (Port of Kiashahr City, Gilan Province, Iran, $ 100,000), is designed to reduce waste water pollution entering Sefidrud River from a port town of 16,000, by using “Imhoff tank” technology. The reduction of 60% of pollution load will contribute to the preservation of surrounding national wetlands by the expected end of the project in June 2004. (See photos 7-8).

    The establishment of the municipal solid waste separation and recycling program by active public participation is the main objective of the “Solid waste management in the coastal city of Ramsar project (Ramsar city, Iran, $73,250). The project is designed to reduce the environmental pressure on the Caspian Sea and coastal zone from municipal wastes by using “separation from the source” method and involving the local population in the process of separation of wastes at collection points. After administrative clarifications, the project is ready to start the implementation in July 2003. It is expected that up to 30% of wastes of Ramsar city will be recycled on constant basis by the end of the project in April 2004.

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