Industrial pollution prevention and decrease
Six projects work in the field of industrial pollution remediation or prevention. The total amount allocation to that category is 29% of total grant funds, or $265K.
The project, “Clean water energy – Implementation of the methodology of ground water purification from oil waste at the eastern Caspian coast” (Turkmenbashi town, Turkmenistan, grant-$61,310), was initiated by a foreign, private company. It is designed to adapt to Caspian conditions a technology for cleaning oil from underground water in severely contaminated areas. (See photos 1-3.) The project plans to clean groundwater on 30 hectares of contaminated land in the coastal area and to eliminate further contamination in amount of 3,000 cubic meters of oil products per year from a local oil refinery. The project is scheduled for completion in February 04. As a compliment to the project, a data “location file” in GIS format will be created for the Turkmen sector of the Caspian Sea, with the support of USAID.
The project, “Introduction of oil pollution bio-destruction technology of soil, water and oil sludges,” (Makhachkala, Russia, $45,000), proposes the reduction of pollution from oil exploration and the remediation of polluted areas by introducing bio-remediation technology. The introduction of the Caspian-specific safe biological substance, “Oleovorin,” to clean 1.5 hectare of oil-waste storage and five hectares of oil-contaminated land will be completed by the end of the project in July 04.
The project “Re-cultivation of the soils contaminated with oil” (Azerbaijan, $47,250) is aimed at the reduction and restoration of oil-contaminated soils by designing and constructing a pilot installation, which will be using CO2 at critical parameters. After construction of the installation, an area of 0.5 hectares of polluted soils will be cleaned. The implementation of the project is about to start, with completion planned for April 2004.
The project, “Reduction of the threat to biodiversity in ecologically sensitive areas,” proposed by the state-run Maritime Organization (Turkmenbashi town, Turkmenistan, $69,385), is aimed at the improvement of navigation in and near the protected areas of Khazar nature reserve (a Ramsar Wetlands site) by the establishment of bathymetrical services to monitor depth in navigation channels. An increase in oil spill response capacity is also expected as a result of the project. The implementation of the project began in July 03 with the completion planned for June 04.
The project, “Re-processing Solid Cement and Concrete Wastes Materials from the Caspian Sea Shore,” (Mangistau oblast, Kazakhstan, $10,239), is a local private company’s pilot initiative to reduce the pollution from concrete installations in the Caspian coastal area. The main objective of the project is to establish a production site to process concrete and cement disposals, collected from oil production sites, and to sell the concrete for secondary use. The implementation of the project started in mid-2003. (See photo 4)