Facts and Figures

The 2011 World Development Report contains a wealth of statistical information pertaining to its major themes and framework. The WDR team has compiled below, a selection of the most significant facts, figures, tables and graphs found in the WDR.

DEVELOPMENT CONSEQUENCES OF VIOLENT CONFLICT…
 
Zero No low income fragile or conflict-affected country has yet achieved a single Millennium Development Goal.
   
20 percentage points Poverty rates are 20 percentage points higher in countries affected by repeated cycles of violence over the last three decades. Every year of violence in a country is associated with lagging poverty reduction of nearly one percentage point.
   
1.5 billion 1.5 billion peoplelive in countries affected by organized violence, either currently or recovering from political violence, fragility and/or high levels of homicide.
   
2, 1 1/2, and 3 times People living in countries currently affected by violence are twice as likely to be undernourished and 50 percent more likely to be impoverished. Their children are three times as likely to be out of school
   
42 Million 42 million people(roughly equivalent to the entire population of Canada or Poland) are displaced today as a result of conflict, violence or human rights abuses. Of these, 15 million are refugees outside their country and 27 million are displaced internally within their own country.
   
MOTIVATIONS FOR VIOLENCE …
 
43 Percent Countries with recent human rights abuses are far more likely to experience conflict than countries with a strong history of respect for human rights. Each one-step deteriorationon the five point Political Terror Scale - which measures arbitrary detention for nonviolent political activity, torture, disappearances, and extrajudicial killings - resulted in a more than 43 percent increase in the risk of civil war in the following five years.
   
30-45 Percent Countries with weak government effectiveness, rule of law, and control of corruption have a 30 - 45 percent higher risk of civil war, and significantly higher risk of extreme criminal violence than other developing countries.
   
REPEATED AND INTERLINKED FORMS OF VIOLENCE …
 
90 Percent 90 percent of civil wars in the 21st century occurred in countries that already had a civil war in the previous 30 years.
   
Double In Guatemala, criminal violence today kills more people every year than the civil war in the 1980s did. In fact, intentional homicides are nearly double the average battle deaths directly from the civil war in the 1980s.
   
$ 153 Bilion The global trade in cocaine and heroin, which are largely produced in countries affected by conflict and violence, is valued at $153 billion[1]. The drug trade is the largest income component of global organized crime and is roughly comparable to the global total of official development assistance (ODA, which equaled $110 billion in 2010).
   
CONFIDENCE BUILDING AND INSTITUTIONAL TRANSFORMATION …
 
15 - 30 years Realistic timetables: It took the 20 fastest reforming countries in the 20th century between 15 and 30 years– a generation – to raise their institutional performance from very fragile to more resilient levels.  a. Specifically, it took 17 years on average to reduce military interference in politics and 27 years to reduce corruption to establish rules-based controls against corruption.
   
244 Avoiding overload: Between 2001 and 2009, the Government of Afghanistan passed 244 laws, legislative decrees, regulations, and amendments, additions and repeals of laws and regulations.  In addition, the government has entered into 19 charters, conventions, agreements and protocols. 
   
INTERNATIONAL AID AND GLOBAL GOVERNANCE …
 
Zero The Millennium Development Goals make no reference to citizen security and justice, yet these are key expectations of people in fragile and conflict affected states.
   
Twice as volatile Aid volatility is a major problem for institution building: Over the last 20 years, on average, a country with 20 years of violence experienced twice the volatility in aid flows of a country that did not experience violence. Revenue volatility has considerable costs for all governments, but particularly for fragile situations where it may derail reform efforts and disrupt institution-building.
   
> 1 year and > 3 years Short project duration may undermine the building of resilient institutions: According to a European Commission study, 63 percent of all donor projects in Cambodia have a duration of less than three years, and more than a third of all projects have a duration of less than a year.
   
17 vs. 455 Legal agreements that set standards for responsible national leadership have become more complex over time. The 1948 UN Convention Against Genocide has 17 operative paragraphs whereas the 2003 Convention Against Corruption has 455
   
CONFLICT SPILLOVERS…
 
$5.7-$11.2 Billion Maritime piracy is estimated to have direct economic costs of between $5.7 billion and $11.2 billion, including ransoms, insurance and re-routing. Global efforts to contain and deter it are estimated at between $1.7and $4.5 billion in 2010.
   
0.7 Percent The economic spillover effects for countries affected by conflict are often huge. Countries lose an estimated 0.7 percent of their annual GDP for each neighbor involved in civil war.
   
14 Percent In the 4 weeks following the beginning of the uprising in Libya, global oil prices increased by 15 percent.
 

WDR Advisory Council Summary Meetings

The Advisory Council has met three times. Summary notes:

WDR Consultations

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