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MENA Working Paper Series

The Middle East and North Africa Working Paper Series is designed to serve as an informal and flexible instrument to circulate ongoing research of potential interest to a wider audience as well as to provide a forum for discussion and comment. The intended audience for this series includes individuals as well as researcher institutions and economic policy-making organizations interested in economic and social policy in the MENA region. The findings and conclusions of the papers are entirely those of the authors and should not be attributed to the World Bank, its affiliated organizations, or to members of its Board of Executive Directors or the countries they represent.

All Working Papers are in .PDF Format


August 2012

Non-Tariff Measures in the MENA Region: Improving Governance for Competitiveness
No.55August 2012Assessing MENA's Trade Agreements
No. 54

February  2012

Are Jordan and Tunisia's Exports. Becoming More Technologically Sophisticated? Analysis Using Highly Disaggregated Export Databases 
No. 53

July 2011

The Trade Performance of the Middle East and North Africa
No. 52

April 2011

Does MENA's Governance Lead to Spatial Agglomeration and Disparities?

Oct. 2008

Centralization, Decentralization and Conflict in the Middle East and North Africa

No. 50

Jan. 2008

Economics of "Policy-Induced" Fragmentation: The Costs of Closures Regime to West Bank and Gaza

No. 49

Dec. 2007

Job Creation in a high Growth Environment: The MENA Region 

No. 48

Sept. 2006

Explaining Large Inventories: the Case of Iran

No. 47

July 2006

Water, Food Security and Agricultural Policy in the Middle East and North Africa Region

No. 46

June 2006

Implicit Pension Debt in the Middle-East and North Africa - Magnitude and Fiscal Implications

No. 45

June 2006

Total Factor Productivity in Tunisian Manufacturing Sectors - Convergence or Catch-Up with OECD Members?

No. 44

May 2006

Trade and Investment Integration of the Maghreb

No. 43

May 2006

Lebanon - Trade and Competition Policies for Growth - A General Equilibrium Analysis

No. 42

Oct. 2005

Economic Growth in Egypt: Constraints and Determinants

No. 41

Nov. 2004

Do Basic Services and Poverty Programs Reach Morocco’s Poor? Evidence from Poverty and Spending Maps

No. 40

Oct. 2004

Migration and Trade in MENA - Problems or Solutions

No. 39

Sept. 2004

Trade and Foreign Exchange Liberalization, Investment Climate, and FDI in the MENA Countries

No. 38

Sept. 2004

Fiscal and Public Debt Sustainability in Egypt

No. 37

Aug. 2004

Gainers and Losers from Trade Reform in Morocco

No. 36

May 2004

Reforms and Growth in MENA Countries: New Empirical Evidence

No. 35

May 2004

Current World Trade Agenda: Issues and Implications for the MENA Region

No. 34

Jan. 2004

Growth, Private Investment and the Cost of Doing Business in Tunisia

No. 33

Jul. 2003

Opening up Telecommunications to Competition and MENA Integration in the World Economy

No. 32

Jul. 2003

Making Trade Work for Jobs: International Evidence and Lessons for MENA

No. 31

Mar. 2003

Yemen and the Millennium Development Goals

No. 30

Dec. 2002

Poverty and Transfers in Yemen

No. 29

Oct. 2002

Exporting Labor or Goods? Long-term Implications for the Palestinian Economy

No. 28

Sep. 2002

Governance and the Investment Climate in Yemen

No. 27

Aug. 2002

Exchange Rate Regime and Competitiveness of Manufactures Exports: The Case of MENA Countries

No. 26

Jul. 2002

Risks and Macro-Economic Impacts of HIV/AIDS in the Middle East and North Africa: Why Waiting to Intervene Can be Costly

No. 25

Jul. 2002

Reform and Elusive Growth in the Middle East: What Has Happened in the 1990's

No. 24

Jun. 2001

The Impact of Future Labor Policy Options on the Palestinian Labor Market

No. 23

May 2001

Governance and the Business Environment in the West Bank/Gaza

No. 22

Apr. 2001

Human Capital and Growth: The Recovered Role of Educational Systems

No. 21

Mar. 2001

Trade Options for the Palestinian Economy: Some Orders of Magnitude

No. 20

Dec. 2000

Achieving Faster Economic Growth in Tunisia

No. 19

Dec. 2000

Rationalizing Public Sector Employment in the MENA Region

No. 18

Dec. 1999

Has Education Had a Growth Pay-off in the MENA Region?

No. 17

Aug. 1999

Towards a Virtuous Circle: A Nutrition Review of the Middle East and North Africa

No. 16

Apr. 1999

Reconstruction in Lebanon: Challenges for Macroeconomic Management

No. 15

Aug. 1995

Tax Effects on Investment in Morocco

No. 14

Mar. 1995

Investment Efficiency, Human Capital & Migration: A Productivity Analysis of the Jordanian Economy

No. 13

Nov. 1994

Fertility and Family Planning in Iran

No. 12

Aug. 1994

The Demographic Dimensions of Poverty in Jordan

No. 11

Apr. 1994

Tax Incidence on Agriculture in Morocco

No. 10

Dec. 1993

External Finance in the Middle East: Trends and Prospects

No. 9

Nov. 1993

Economic Development and Cooperation in The Middle East and North Africa

No. 8

Oct. 1993

A Report on the Egyptian Tax System

No. 7

Sep. 1993

An Extended RMSM-X Model for Egypt: Quantification's of Market-Oriented Reforms

No. 6

Jun. 1993

International Competitiveness of the Private Industry and the Constraints to its Development: The Case of Morocco

No. 5

Feb. 1993

Labor Markets in The Middle East and North Africa

No. 4

Feb. 1993

The Link Between Trade Liberalization and Multi-Factor Productivity: The Case of Morocco

No. 3

Oct. 1992

Economic and Social Development in the Middle East and North Africa

No. 2

Sep. 1992

The Welfare Effects of Oil Booms in a Prototypical Small Gulf State

No. 1

Jun. 1992

Has Labor Migration Promoted Economic Integration in the Middle East?


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