of those in the poorest quintile do not benefit from any social safety net (SSN) program other than universal subsidies.
to 60% of benefits of fuel subsidies are captured by the richest 20% of the population.
of adults never heard of any major SSN program in Egypt. This share is even higher among the poor.
8 in 10
adults in Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon and Tunisia say their respective Governments should bear the primary responsibility for helping the poor.