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Previous Reports

Economic Integration 

Economic Integration in the Maghreb
History and proximity suggest that trade and investment links with Europe should provide the most promising path to shared prosperity for the Maghreb countries. Indeed, this is the path being traced out by several of them. Find out from this report what constrains faster movement along this route.



Economic Integration in the Mashreq
Mashreq countries have deeper trade links with the European Union to the West than they do with each other or with other countries in the Middle East and North Africa region. Is this a lost opportunity? Could intra-regional trade facilitation and better transport links forge closer ties? Could better policies help the private sector in these countries make better business?



Economic Integration in the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries
Thanks to large endowments of oil and gas, the six countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council trade a lot with the rest of the world and are very open to labor and capital flows. They also have an ambitious agenda for integration among themselves, featuring a customs union and common market (at present) and aiming for a common currency (in the medium term).

Inclusive Growth 

Bridging the Gap: Improving Capabilities and Expanding Opportunities for Women
Young people have relatively better access to education than some of their peers in other developing countries but they struggle to find jobs. Employment is even harder to find for young women seeking a job.



GenderStatus and Progress of Women in the Middle East and North Africa
The report examines progress on gender indicators in the region in the following areas: economic participation, access to education, access to health care, public participation ad representation, and women’s legal rights.



environmentforwomenentrepreneurshippixThe Environment for Women's Entrepreneurship in the Middle East and North Africa
This report is about how women entrepreneurs can contribute more to the quality and direction of economic and social development in the Middle East and North Africa region.
Economic growth in the Middle East has been remarkable over the last four years, due mainly to higher oil prices. Rapid job growth has followed, driven mainly by the private sector. Yet the region still faces two important challenges: the first is to create better jobs for an increasingly educated young workforce; the second is to diversify its economies away from the traditional sectors of agriculture, natural resources, construction, and public works and into sectors that can provide more and better jobs for young people—sectors that are more export oriented, labor intensive, and knowledge driven.


More Reports

Other Reports 

CovertFood and Water Security in the Arab World: Proceedings of the First Arab Development Symposium
Recognizing the importance of policy debate and knowledge sharing in the field of development, the Arab Fund for Economic and Social Development and the World Bank (Middle East and North Africa Region) agreed in March 2010 to hold a joint development symposium around issues pertaining to the Arab World annually. The Arab Development Symposium was conceived to provide an opportunity for policymakers to share ideas on topics which are high on their agenda. As such, it complements other for a for training and research papers’ discussion.
Food security was selected to be the topic of the first Symposium, which took place in March 2011 at the Arab Fund premises in Kuwait. This topic is high on the agenda of the Arab countries as stated during the Arab economic summit of Heads of States, which took place in January 2009 in Kuwait. It is also high on the global agenda as the spike in food prices worldwide, which peaked in the second half of 2007 and again in the second half of 2011, pushed over 40 million people into poverty.
This Symposium highlighted the critical issues facing the Arab region in the area of food security. These include concerns about agricultural production and productivity, land use, water demand management, efficiency of the supply chain, storage capacity, price volatility, nutritional composition of food consumption, and climate resiliency. Some of these issues are outside the control of policymakers; others are squarely within their responsibilities. In coming years, Arab countries’ vulnerability is likely to be exacerbated by structural factors such as population growth and scarcity of water and land resources. Projections of the region’s food balance indicate that dependence on cereal imports will increase by almost 64 percent over the next twenty years.
The Arab Development Symposium could not have been timelier, given its potential contribution to the development agenda being shaped by the “Arab Spring”. Given the paramount importance of the issue of job creation, the next topic of the Symposium will be on Small and Medium-Scale Enterprises (SMEs)—their potential for accelerating growth and creating much-needed jobs in the Arab World.



Arab Aid

Forty Years of Development Assistance from Arab Countries
Over the past four decades, Arab aid, which has been relatively under-studied, has played an important role in global development finance.



Arab Aid

Labor Migration from North Africa
The subjects of this migration research program are four countries in North Africa—Morocco, Tunisia, Algeria, and Egypt. As it has for the broader Middle East and North Africa region, labor migration has played a central role in shaping these four countries’ social and economic development. While there are larger migrant sending regions in the world, on a per capita basis as well as in share of GDP, worker remittances to North Africa
1 are among the highest in the world.

Statistical Annexes


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