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Development Dialogue News, Issue # 11, January-February 2010

No.11, January-February 2010  
 

Development Dialogue News is the newsletter of the Development Dialogue on Values and Ethics, a small unit at the World Bank conducting evidence-based analytical, operational, and capacity development work on issues related to faith, ethics, and development.  To access publications or information on our work please visit the DDVE website. If you would like to contact us, please send an email to Quentin Wodon at qwodon@worldbank.org.

  

Service Delivery in Multi-Cultural Environments 

As societies around the world have become more culturally diverse, and the role culture plays in the formation of identity has become better understood, governments are beginning to pay greater attention to the management of cultural diversity and are becoming more sensitive to issues of cultural exclusion. Marc explores how taking cultural diversity into account can affect the delivery of services both positively and negatively, and how local governments can respond to the challenge of programming for and around diversity. The book is available as study 2010-1.

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Property Rights, Trade, and Ethics

The Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights negotiated in 1986 incorporated substantial protections of intellectual property rights into the international trade system. The literature suggests that intellectual property rights on socially valuable goods such as essential medicines give rise to a number of ethical problems. A recent study sponsored by DDVE and the Development Research Group puts in perspective a number of arguments in the debate on the ethical nature of intellectual property rights so that policy-makers and other stakeholders are better equipped to make up their own mind on the issue. The paper is available as working paper 2010-1.

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Paying for Performance in Health Care

Paying for Performance (P4P) provides financial incentives for providers to increase the use and quality of care. Basinga and others evaluate the impact of P4P on the use and quality of prenatal, institutional delivery, and child preventive care in Rwanda. P4P has a positive impact on institutional deliveries and preventive care visits by young children and improved quality of prenatal care, but no effect on the number of prenatal care visits or on immunization rates. The analysis isolates incentive effects from the resource effect in P4P, and the results indicate that an equal amount of financial resources without the incentives would not have achieved the same gain in outcomes. The paper is available as working paper 2010-2.

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Country Reports on Faith and Development

DDVE is launching two new in-depth country studies on values, ethics, and development for Burkina Faso and Ghana. The studies should take approximately six months to complete and will analyze the role of faith-based organizations in service delivery in sectors such as education, health, and social protection, as well as various interactions between faith and behaviors that affect development outcomes. Both qualitative data collection through focus groups and interviews and quantitative household survey analysis will be used to inform the issues.

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School Feeding in Ghana 

DDVE's work on the targeting performance and impact of the school feeding program in Ghana was presented on December 16-17, 2009 at a workshop in Accra on "Generating a Common Vision for Quality Sustainable School Feeding". The school feeding program is large, reaching more than a half million children in 2008. It does have positive impacts, among others on test scores, but it is not well targeted to the poor. One of the recommendations made was to rely on a set of poverty and education deprivation maps being prepared for Ghana in order to improve targeting performance through geographic targeting of the schools benefitting from the program.

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Fe y Alegria Evaluation and Seminar 

As a follow up to a training event organized in Peru in October 2009 with Fe y Alegria (a Jesuit network of schools serving more than one million students in Latin America), results from an analysis of the performance of Fe y Alegría schools in Colombia where presented at a seminar in Washington co-sponsored with the Economics of Education Thematic Group. The analysis uses a rich data set with test scores in Spanish and mathematics. Simple statistics suggest that Fe y Alegría schools perform worse than other schools for all years in the sample. However, Fe y Alegría schools also cater to poorer students who come from disadvantaged backgrounds. Once controls are included for student background using proper matching techniques, and after balancing for treatment and control groups, Fe y Alegría schools actually perform at least as well as, and in several cases better than other schools, thus reversing the previous finding. More details are available here. .........................................................................................

Dialogue with CS and FG

Interview with Dr. Azza Karam at UNFPA 

DDVE is undertaking a series of interviews of professionals working on issues of faith, ethics, and development at the United Nations and other multilateral agencies, as well as at faith-based organizations and NGOs, donor agencies, government ministries, and universities. The objective is to document the type of work done in this area, priorities for this work, the challenges encountered in implementing the work, and finally some of the personal motivation and background of the individuals working in this field. The first interview in the series with Dr. Azza Karam, Senior Culture Adviser at the United Nations Population Fund, is available here.

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Faith Commitments for a Living Planet 

Two World Bank staff joined the ‘Many Heavens, One Earth: Faith Commitments for a Living Planet’ celebration organized by the Alliance for Religions and Conservation and UNDP in Windsor, UK in early November 2009. Faith leaders from around the world gathered at the event which was hosted by HRH The Prince Philip and attended by the Secretary General of the United Nations, His Excellency Mr Ban Ki-moon. The aim was to launch and discuss the faiths’ long-term initiatives to protect the living planet. The Celebration came just over a month before the Copenhagen Climate Change talks and the leaders presented their commitments and reported on their ongoing activities as communities of concerned people. Click here for more information on this event.

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New Publications  
Service Delivery in Multi-Cultural Environments
Property Rights, Trade, and Ethics
Paying for Performance in Health Care

Operational and Capacity Development Work

1Country Reports on Faith and Development
2School Feeding in Ghana
3

Fey y Alegria Evaluation and Seminar

Dialogue and Outreach
4Interview with Dr. Azza Karam at UNFPA
5Faith Commitments for a Living Planet


 

For more information on the events listed below, click here

February 25, 2010: Joint seminar with Education Thematic Group on performance assessment of Fe y Alegria secondary schools in Colombia

December 18, 2009: Seminar at the University of Ottawa on Islamic law and family law reforms

December 15, 2009: Presentation of DDVE's strategy note at the World Bank's Education and Social Protection & Labor sector boards.

December 5-7, 2009: Presentation at the Third Meeting of the Interreligious Network of Central America in El Salvador (III Encuentro de la Red Interreligiosa Mesoamericana - Religiones por la Paz)

December 3-9, 2009: Presentations at the Parliament of the World’s Religions in Melbourne

November 12-14, 2009: Presentation at Yale Conference on Women, Religion and Globalization, New Haven, Connecticut

November 10, 2009: Presentation at the WHO-CIFA Consultation in Geneva on Mapping Religious Health Assets

November 3-20, 2009: Mission to Bangui, Central African Republic, to present results from the analysis of the ECASEB household survey and plan a survey on monitoring the impact of the economic crisis

October 26, 2009: Presentation of DDVE’s strategy note at the World Bank’s Health, Nutrition, and Population sector board

October 20-21, 2009: Presentation at the 7th Annual Doha Conference on Interfaith Dialogue on the theme of human solidarity

October 19-21, 2009: Workshop organized in Peru for Fe y Alegria and government staff from Latin America in collaboration with the World Bank Institute and Magis America

September 24, 2009: Presentation on philanthropy and development to the Rotary Club on McLean

September 23, 2009: DDVE seminars with Deirdre McCloskey on why economics can’t explain the growth that occurred during the industrial revolution and on the “secret sins” of economics

September 8-9, 2009: Participation in the high level consultation on “Faith and Malaria – Towards an Integrated Solution” organized by the Tony Blair Faith Foundation and the Center for Interfaith Action on Global Poverty at Yale University

August 17-27, 2009: Technical assistance mission on targeting and baseline data collection for the Republic of Congo's Water and Urban Infrastructure Project

August 4, 2009: Meeting with a delegation from Morocco participating in the US State Department's International Visitors Program and with the Islamic Tijanya Foundation of America

August 3, 2009: Presentation at UNFPA Faith-Based Organizations Policy Roundtable in New York

July 15-16, 2009: Consultation by the World Bank's HIV-AIDS unit on community-based interventions related to HIV-AIDS in London with support from the UK Consortium on AIDS and participation from leading NGOs and faith-based organization

July 13, 2009: Presentation of SimSIP SAM, a tool for macro-micro simulations using social accounting matrices, at the 17th International Input-Output conference (IO2009) hosted by the University of Sao Paulo, Brazil

July 5-7, 2009: Presentation by the World Bank Africa Water Resources Group at the Water in Faith Forum organized in Salisbury, UK, by the Alliance of Religions and Conservation with the Dutch Ecological Management Foundation and the International Water and Sanitation Center

July 3, 2009: Organization of technical workshop on faith-based service delivery in health in Accra, Ghana, with the Christian Health Association of Ghana

July 1-2-, 2009: Organization with the World Faiths Development Dialogue of a Faith and Development Leaders Meeting in Accra, Ghana

 

   

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