culture http://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/taxonomy/term/3766/all en Weekly wire: The global forum http://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/weekly-wire-global-forum-283 <div class="field field-name-body field-type-text-with-summary field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><div style="margin:0px; padding:0px; border:0px currentColor; vertical-align:baseline"> <div style="margin:0px; padding:0px; border:0px currentColor; vertical-align:baseline"> <div style="margin:0px; padding:0px; border:0px currentColor; vertical-align:baseline"> <div style="margin:0px; padding:0px; border:0px currentColor; vertical-align:baseline"> <div style="margin:0px; padding:0px; border:0px currentColor; vertical-align:baseline"> <div style="margin:0px; padding:0px; border:0px currentColor; vertical-align:baseline"> <div style="margin:0px; padding:0px; border:0px currentColor; vertical-align:baseline"> <div style="margin:0px; padding:0px; border:0px currentColor; vertical-align:baseline"> <div style="margin:0px; padding:0px; border:0px currentColor; vertical-align:baseline"> <div style="margin:0px; padding:0px; border:0px currentColor; vertical-align:baseline"> <div style="margin:0px; padding:0px; border:0px currentColor; vertical-align:baseline"> <div style="margin:0px; padding:0px; border:0px currentColor; vertical-align:baseline"> <h4> <img alt="World of News" height="179" src="http://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/files/publicsphere/Weekly%20Wire%20Photo_1.jpeg" style="padding:2px; border:1px solid rgb(204, 204, 204); vertical-align:bottom; max-width:none; float:right" title=" Flickr user fdecomit" width="180" /><span>These are some of the views and reports relevant to our readers that caught our attention this week.</span></h4> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <p> <strong><a href="http://www.unesco.org/culture/culture-for-sustainable-urban-development/pdf-open/global-Report_en.pdf" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Culture gives cities social and economic power, shows UNESCO report</a><br /> UNESCO</strong><br /> Culture has the power to make cities more prosperous, safer, and sustainable, according to UNESCO’s Global Report, Culture: Urban Future to be launched in Quito (Ecuador) on 18 October. The Global Report presents evidence on how development policies in line with UNESCO’s conventions on the protection and promotion of culture and heritage can benefit cities. Current trends show that urbanization will continue to increase in scale and speed, particularly in Africa and Asia, which are set to be 54 and 64 percent urban by 2050. The world is projected to have 41 mega cities by 2030, each home to at least 10 million people. Massive and rapid urbanization can often exacerbate challenges for cities creating more slums and poor access to public spaces as well as having a negative impact on the environment. This process often leads to a rise in unemployment, social inequality, discrimination and violence.</p> <p> <strong><a href="http://www.huffingtonpost.com/adnan-z-amin/sustainable-cities-3-ways_b_12534084.html" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Sustainable Cities: 3 Ways Cities Can Contribute to a Renewable Energy Future</a><br /> HuffPost Blog</strong><br /> This week, global policy makers gather in Quito for the Habitat III Conference to reinvigorate the global commitment to the sustainable development of cities. Meeting every 20 years, the Habitat Conference will this year focus on setting a new Urban Agenda. Within this context and for the first time ever, the Conference will also discuss the rapid deployment of renewable energy as a means to achieve a sustainable urban future. This could not be timelier. Dramatic cost declines and technological innovations, present cities with an unprecedented opportunity to transform and decarbonise their energy supply on the basis of a positive economic case - an option that did not exist when the Habitat Conference last convened in 1996. This is great news, considering cities are home to 54% of the global population and generate 70% of global emissions.</p> </div></div></div> Thu, 20 Oct 2016 13:42:00 +0000 Roxanne Bauer 7542 at http://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere Beyond the quest for "policy implications": Alternative options for applied development researchers http://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/beyond-quest-policy-implications-alternative-options-applied-development-researchers <div class="field field-name-body field-type-text-with-summary field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><h4> This post, written by <a href="http://blogs.worldbank.org/team/michael-woolcock" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Michael Woolcock</a>, is a contribution to an online symposium on the changing nature of knowledge production in fragile states. Be sure to read other entries by <a href="http://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/tomayto-tomahto-research-supply-chain-and-ethics-knowledge-production" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Deval Desai and Rebecca Tapscott</a> and <a href="http://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/turning-gaze-ourselves-acknowledging-political-economy-development-research" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Lisa Denney and Pilar Domingo</a>.</h4> <p> <img alt="Indonesia fills out form on rice" height="186" src="http://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/files/publicsphere/16246146098_fb21fd4e1c_z.jpg" style="float:left" title="" width="280" />My nomination for development’s ‘Most Insightful, Least Cited’ paper is Ariel Heryanto’s “The development of ‘development.'”<a href="http://humanityjournal.org/blog/beyond-the-quest-for-policy-implications-alternative-options-for-applied-development-researchers/#_ftn1" name="_ftnref1" rel="nofollow" id="_ftnref1">[1]</a> Originally written in Indonesian in the mid-1980s, Heryanto’s gem has been cited a mere 79 times (according to Google Scholar), even in its carefully-translated English incarnation. For me, this paper is so wonderful because it makes, in clear and clever ways, two key points that bear endless repetition, especially to today’s junior scholars. The first point is that inference from evidence is never self-evident: significance must always be interpreted through theory. Consider the seemingly obvious fact that the sun rises in the east every morning, he writes. What could be more universally and unambiguously true? The problem, of course, is that the sun does not rise in the east; instead, despite every piece of sensory evidence to the contrary, the earth rotates counterclockwise on its axis and revolves around a stationary sun, making it appear as ifthe sun rises in the east. But we only know this – or, more accurately, claim to know this – because today we happen to have a theory, itself based on more complex forms of observation and theory, that helps us interpret the prevailing evidence, to reconcile it with evidence from analyses of other cosmic phenomena, and thus draw broadly coherent conclusions and inferences.</p> <p> Heryanto’s second key point is that we are all captives of language, of the limits of any given tongue to convey the subtleties of complex issues. From this premise he proceeds to unpack the clumsy, alluring yet powerful word that in English we call ‘development’, noting that in Indonesian there are at least two very different interpretations of its meaning, and with this, two very different words – perkembangan and pembangunan – connoting two very different teleologies and policy agendas: the former a natural, ‘organic’ process akin to flowers blooming (“software”); the latter to an overt, intentional and ‘constructed’ political project of nation building (“hardware”). When translated into English, however, both perkembangan and pembangunan are typically rendered simply as “development,” thereby collapsing into a singular popular conception what in Indonesian discourse is a distinctly pluralist one. In the opening week of my class at the Kennedy School, which typically has 50 students who between them speak around 30 languages, we begin with a lively discussion of what “development” means in Arabic, Hindi, French, Turkish, Spanish, Swahili, Swedish… It turns out to mean all sorts of things.<a href="http://humanityjournal.org/blog/beyond-the-quest-for-policy-implications-alternative-options-for-applied-development-researchers/#_ftn2" name="_ftnref2" rel="nofollow" id="_ftnref2">[2]</a></p> <p> I open this way because I think the next article we need in this “genre” – though hopefully one that quickly transcends it because it is both highly insightful and highly cited! – is something akin to what Desai and Tapscott have begun with their ‘Tomayto Tomahto’ paper. In short, echoing Heryanto, we need more development research on development research. Such scholarship, however, would go beyond providing a mere chronology of changing professional styles, methodological emphases and funding characteristics (scale, sources, time horizons, expectations) to explanations of how and why such changes have occurred. Such explanations would be grounded in analyses of the shifting historical experiences and geo-political imperatives different generations of researchers have sought to accommodate, the particular ideas these experiences and imperatives rendered normative, and the concomitant gains and losses these changes have entailed for those finding themselves managing the “trade-offs” (such as they are) between scholarly independence and public utility.</p> </div></div></div> Tue, 22 Dec 2015 19:51:00 +0000 Humanity Journal 7255 at http://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere Spike Lee’s ‘Chi-Raq’: The Maestro Handles Complexity Adroitly http://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/spike-lee-s-chi-raq-maestro-handles-complexity-adroitly <div class="field field-name-body field-type-text-with-summary field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><p> <img alt="Chi-Raq movie bill" height="182" src="http://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/files/publicsphere/chi-raq-image.jpg" style="float:left" title="" width="280" />Difficult social problems are fiendishly difficult to communicate. For, these are issues about which experts disagree and citizen-voters, too. The causes are unclear, the solutions are unclear, and then there is the ideological deadweight that tends to drag meaningful debate and discussion all the way down to seedy depths. Above all, public debate on complex social problems also leads to framing battles: you frame the discussion to privilege the ‘solution’ you want. So, for instance: what do we do about homelessness in our cities? If you don’t want public funds spent on it, you frame it as an individual responsibility issue. You argue that the homeless need to pull themselves up by the straps of their dirty sneakers. If you want public funds spent on the problem, you frame the issue as a structural challenge. You ask for a focus on unemployment, targeted welfare schemes, improved care for the mentally ill and so on.<br /><br /> ‘<a href="http://www.rogerebert.com/reviews/chi-raq-2015" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Chi-Raq’</a>, Spike Lee’s new movie, tackles a horrendously difficult problem: the horrific and persistent gang violence in inner cities in the United States of America (and, by implication, several such places across the globe). His setting is the South Side of Chicago. The title of the movie is a play on Chicago and Iraq. The movie opens with these stunning statistics: while American deaths in the Iraq War between 2003 and 2011 came to 4,424, between 2001 and 2015 there were 7,356 homicides in Chicago. Think about that for a second: 7,356 homicides.</p> </div></div></div> Thu, 17 Dec 2015 17:24:00 +0000 Sina Odugbemi 7253 at http://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere Quote of the Week: Justin Farrell http://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/quote-week-justin-farrell <div class="field field-name-body field-type-text-with-summary field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><p> <em><img alt="Justin Farrell, author of The Battle for Yellowstone" height="187" src="http://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/files/publicsphere/justin-farrell.jpg" style="float:left" title="" width="180" />"Environmental conflict is not ultimately about scientific true and false, but about moral right and wrong. It is not about the facts themselves, but what makes the facts meaningful. There are important moral and spiritual bases of conflict that observers and participants in the conflict have ignored, muted or simply misunderstood."</em><br /><br /> - <a href="http://justinfarrell.org/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Justin Farrell</a>, Assistant Professor of Sociology at Yale University and the author of <a href="http://news.yale.edu/2015/06/25/book-battle-yellowstone" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">The Battle for Yellowstone</a><br />  </p> </div></div></div> Mon, 10 Aug 2015 14:14:00 +0000 Sina Odugbemi 7131 at http://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere Why do we so often need to push back against ‘techie triumphalism’? http://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/why-do-we-so-often-need-push-back-against-techie-triumphalism <div class="field field-name-body field-type-text-with-summary field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><h4> What are the limits of technology?  Are tech experts overreaching when they attempt to 'reinvent' our lives? Suvojit Chattopadhyay explains why power relations and context still matters.</h4> <p> <img alt="Girls use laptop in Najmi, Muthanna province, Iraq" height="373" src="http://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/files/publicsphere/2933586200_c45e860cab_z.jpg" style="float:right" title="" width="280" />Here is <a href="http://www.nytimes.com/2015/06/09/us/taking-a-tire-iron-to-techie-triumphalism.html?_r=1" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Kentaro, on his usual beat:</a></p> <blockquote> <p> <em>Talented chefs don’t believe their sauteeing skills entitle them to reimagine Web browsers, but talented technologists feel entitled to reimagine cooking, education and everything else.</em></p> </blockquote> <p> And on a more serious note:</p> <blockquote> <p> <em>It’s a world full of trained engineers — and many college dropouts — who cannot be expected to grasp human dynamics any more than political scientists understand Java code. Many brilliant technology leaders have stories of bullying and isolation in their youths that would leave anyone with abiding skepticism of human groups, institutions, cultures. If family dinners and school lunches were painful for you, “disrupting” eating with a venture-capital-backed protein drink like Soylent can seem like liberation</em></p> </blockquote> <p> and…</p> <blockquote> <p> <em>Indeed, technology has become a kinder, gentler variant of so-called trickle-down economics, in which one gives poor schoolchildren iPads and a pat on the back, without altering the toxicity of their work-starved, father-starved, drug-war-ravaged environment</em></p> </blockquote> <p> Needless to say, I agree with the larger point. While it may be unfair to call out the unhappy childhood of some prominent tech leaders, it does partly explain why their ‘abiding skepticism’ of human behaviour leads them to place their trust on machines, rather than humans.<br />  </p> </div></div></div> Fri, 19 Jun 2015 18:24:00 +0000 Suvojit Chattopadhyay 7082 at http://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere DFID is Changing its Approach to Better Address the Underlying Causes of Poverty and Conflict – Can it Work? Guest Post from two DFID Reformers http://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/dfid-changing-its-approach-better-address-underlying-causes-poverty-and-conflict-can-it-work-guest <div class="field field-name-body field-type-text-with-summary field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><p> <em>Aid donors are often maligned for bureaucratic procedures, a focus on short-term results at the expense of longer-term, riskier institutional change, and a technical, managerial approach to aid with insufficient focus on context, power and politics. Are these institutional barriers insurmountable? Can aid agencies create an enabling environment to think and work politically? </em><br /><br /><a href="http://oxfamblogs.org/fp2p/wp-content/uploads/2014/10/Tom.jpg" title="Tom" rel="nofollow"><img alt="Tom Wingfield" height="140" src="http://oxfamblogs.org/fp2p/wp-content/uploads/2014/10/Tom-150x150.jpg" style="float:left" title="" width="140" /></a><em>Tom Wingfield (top) and <a href="https://dfid.blog.gov.uk/author/pete-vowles/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Pete Vowles</a> (bottom) from DFID’s new ‘Better Delivery Taskforce’ have been trying to do just that. Here’s where they’ve got to</em><em>.</em><br /><br /> For the past year DFID has been focussing on these issues and how we can both guard taxpayer’s money and have transformational impact in the countries where we work. The result has been the introduction of a comprehensive set of reforms targeting our process, capability and culture. <a href="http://oxfamblogs.org/fp2p/wp-content/uploads/2014/10/Pete1.jpg" title="Pete" rel="nofollow"><img alt="Pete Vowles" height="140" src="http://oxfamblogs.org/fp2p/wp-content/uploads/2014/10/Pete1-150x150.jpg" style="float:left" title="" width="140" /></a>This is about creating the conditions that allow us to better address the underlying causes of poverty and conflict, and respond effectively to the post-2015 agenda. At the heart of the reform is a revamp of DFID’s operating framework (ie the rules and principles which govern our work). Known as the ‘Smart Rules’, it can be downloaded <a href="https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/dfid-smart-rules-better-programme-delivery" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">here</a>.</p> <p> Like any institutional reform, this is a long term change process.  The next 12 months provide a real opportunity to strengthen our partnerships with a wide range of partners and enhance our collective effectiveness.</div></div></div> Tue, 21 Oct 2014 17:57:00 +0000 Duncan Green 6852 at http://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere The Importance of Learning and Climate Change http://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/importance-learning-and-climate-change <div class="field field-name-body field-type-text-with-summary field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><p> <img alt="" height="187" src="http://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/files/publicsphere/4249155518_6caa3b9d14_o.jpg" style="float:left" width="280" />While at the Carbon Expo in Cologne at the end of May, there was a great deal of interest in the climate change learning programs that we shared with attendees. The sense I got as I spoke with participants from a range of sectors (engineering, risk management, energy consulting) is that people are realizing that knowledge needs to be converted to learning to become practice, especially on a topic as complex as climate change. This was one of the drivers behind the development of our recent <a href="https://www.coursera.org/#course/warmerworld" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Massive Open Online Course on climate change</a>.</p> </div></div></div> Tue, 17 Jun 2014 17:02:00 +0000 Maya Brahmam 6730 at http://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere Quote of the Week: Mary Midgley http://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/quote-week-mary-midgley-0 <div class="field field-name-body field-type-text-with-summary field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><p> <img alt="" src="http://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/files/publicsphere/Mary_Midgley.JPG" style="float:left; height:233px; width:180px" /><em>"There is this increasing faith that physical science is the answer to all our terrible questions. I want to fight against the whole idea that it is where you go to for enlightenment.”</em></p> <p> - <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mary_Midgley" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Mary Midgley</a>, an English moral philosopher, who strongly opposes <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reductionism" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">reductionism</a> and <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scientism" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">scientism</a> and any attempts to make science a substitute for the humanities. She is well-known for her work on science, ethics and animal rights.</p> </div></div></div> Mon, 09 Jun 2014 14:23:00 +0000 Sina Odugbemi 6722 at http://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere The Interview: Silvio Waisbord http://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/interview-silvio-waisbord <div class="field field-name-body field-type-text-with-summary field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even">Exploring ideas, innovations and fresh approaches to our world is at the heart of the public sphere. <a href="http://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">People, Spaces, Deliberation</a> brings you significant voices from academia and the practice of development through a series of interviews.<br /><br /> How can the development sector be more innovative? <br /><br /> According to <a href="http://smpa.gwu.edu/silvio-r-waisbord" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Professor Silvio Waisbord</a>, an expert on global media, development, and social change, one of the critical roadblocks to overcome is the mismatch between "organizational demands" and "how change is possible." <br />  <div class="asset-wrapper asset aid-77 asset-video"> <strong > Professor Silvio Waisbord on Innovation in Development </strong> <div class="content"> <div class="field field-name-field-asset-video-file field-type-emvideo field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><object width="560" height="315"><param name="movie" value="//www.youtube.com/v/45bs8i5kPns?version=3&amp;hl=en_US"></param><param name="allowFullScreen" value="true"></param><param name="allowscriptaccess" value="always"></param><embed src="//www.youtube.com/v/45bs8i5kPns?version=3&amp;hl=en_US" type="application/x-shockwave-flash" width="560" height="315" allowscriptaccess="always" allowfullscreen="true"></embed></object></div></div></div><div class="field field-name-field-asset-video-desc field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"></div></div></div></div> </div> </div></div></div> Thu, 22 May 2014 20:44:00 +0000 Roxanne Bauer 6707 at http://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere When a Spade is Not a Spade http://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/when-spade-not-spade <div class="field field-name-body field-type-text-with-summary field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><p> <img alt="" src="http://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/files/publicsphere/3030429838_0f6d676e01_o.jpg" style="float:left; height:179px; margin:0px; width:280px" />Polite conversation, we can all agree, often involves not calling a spade a spade…the same way you are not supposed to break wind in company. There are modes of obliqueness that keep friendships and relationships going where blunt speaking can very often sunder ties suddenly and violently. People have fragile egos. You have to be careful how frankly you deliver feedback to them. And, in many cultures, an ability to decipher oblique communication is regarded as a mark of high mental rank, even of being well-born. For instance, in my own culture, Yoruba elders say: a well-brought up person only needs half a word; the word becomes whole within him and he acts accordingly.<br /><br /> Not surprisingly, obliqueness is the hallmark of diplomacy. Somebody says something less than intelligent during a meeting and you reply: ‘That’s interesting’ or ‘That’s fascinating’. You don’t commit yourself and, unless they are really paying attention to nuance, they might never know that you don’t think much of the proposal they have just put on the proverbial table. In this regard, I remember that in the course of my legal training, while in the school for barristers and solicitors, we were taught polite ways of disagreeing with a judge without running the risk of ruining your client’s case or ending up in jail because the judge has convicted you of contempt of court.</p> </div></div></div> Thu, 17 Apr 2014 15:53:00 +0000 Sina Odugbemi 6674 at http://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere Weekly Wire: The Global Forum http://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/weekly-wire-global-forum-158 <div class="field field-name-body field-type-text-with-summary field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><img alt="" src="http://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/files/publicsphere/Weekly%20Wire%20Photo_1.jpeg" style="border:1px solid rgb(204, 204, 204); float:right; height:139px; max-width:none; padding:2px; vertical-align:bottom; width:140px" />These are some of the views and reports relevant to our readers that caught our attention this week.<br />   <p> <a href="http://www.brookings.edu/blogs/techtank/posts/2014/04/07-transformative-power-of-ict-governance-livingston-part-2" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"><strong>The Transformative Impact of Data and Communication on Governance: Part 2</strong></a><br /> Brookings Institution<br /> My previous <a href="http://www.brookings.edu/blogs/techtank/posts/2014/04/01-ict-and-governance-livingston-part-1" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">TechTank post</a> described the expanding reach of technology and, consequentially, the growing availability of information in Africa, Latin America and elsewhere in less developed countries. Rather than speak of failed states I refer to “<a href="http://www.google.com/url?sa=t&amp;rct=j&amp;q=&amp;esrc=s&amp;source=web&amp;cd=4&amp;ved=0CEsQFjAD&amp;url=http%3A%2F%2Fglobal.oup.com%2Facademic%2Fproduct%2Fbits-and-atoms-9780199941612&amp;ei=HxM7U-TRGee70gH-7oGYAg&amp;usg=AFQjCNFMtlEl2_ZAKMpRtJh-tYv_3ZZM5g&amp;bvm=bv.63934634,d.dmQ" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">areas of limited statehood</a>.” An area of limited statehood involves several possible dimensions of failed service delivery, or an inability to enforce binding rules with legitimate use of force. A slum, for example, even in the heart of a nation’s capital, if it is devoid of public goods like sanitation, security, or even basic infrastructure, is an area of limited statehood. So, too, would vast stretches of rural countryside beyond the reach of the administrative capacity of the national government. The Eastern DR Congo fits this pattern. In this post, I offer examples of the use of technology that at least partially address governance shortfalls in areas of limited statehood. Put another way, I describe how technologies are used to provide for public goods, such as security, sanitation, drinkable water, and economic opportunity.</p> <p> <a href="http://www.technologyreview.com/view/526261/the-data-mining-techniques-that-reveal-our-planets-cultural-links-and-boundaries/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"><strong>The Data Mining Techniques That Reveal Our Planet's Cultural Links and Boundaries</strong></a><br /> MIT Technology Review<br /> The habits and behaviors that define a culture are complex and fascinating. But measuring them is a difficult task. What’s more, understanding the way cultures change from one part of the world to another is a task laden with challenges. The gold standard in this area of science is known as the World Values Survey, a global network of social scientists studying values and their impact on social and political life. Between 1981 and 2008, this survey conducted over 250,000 interviews in 87 societies. That’s a significant amount of data and the work has continued since then. This work is hugely valuable but it is also challenging, time-consuming and expensive.</p> </div></div></div> Thu, 10 Apr 2014 13:37:00 +0000 Roxanne Bauer 6666 at http://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere Quote of the Week: Malala Yousafzai http://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/quote-week-malala-yousafzai-0 <div class="field field-name-body field-type-text-with-summary field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><p> <em><img alt="" src="http://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/files/publicsphere/Malala.jpg" style="float:left; height:270px; width:180px" />                                                                           <br /> "Culture never came from the sky or came out from the earth. Humans created their own culture, and that’s why humans have the right to change it. And the culture should be of equality – it should not go against the rights of women, it should not go against the rights of anyone.”</em><br /><br /> - <a href="http://www.malala-yousafzai.com/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Malala Yousafzai</a>, an education activist from Swat, Pakistan.   She is known for her activism in support of universal education and in support of women, especially in the Swat Valley, where the Taliban have, at times, banned girls from attending school.</p> </div></div></div> Mon, 10 Mar 2014 13:55:00 +0000 Sina Odugbemi 6630 at http://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere Great Minds Think Unlike? A Cultural Perspective on Opinion Forming http://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/great-minds-think-unlike-cultural-perspective-opinion-forming <div class="field field-name-body field-type-text-with-summary field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><p> <img alt="" height="186" src="http://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/files/publicsphere/Johanna/3430164569_9b64d6018b.jpg" style="float:left" title="" width="280" />If you were asked to describe culture, what would come to mind? —The magnificent Roman Catholic Church of Sagrada Família, the must-reads by Charles Dickens, or perhaps your grandma’s savory borsht? Well, these are all good thoughts. But think harder. At a societal level, culture is indeed reflected through art, literature, religion, and what’s on your dinner table. But at an individual level, it boils down to how we think—how individuals process information and form perceptions.<br /><br /> Whether or not you believe it, those tiny machines in our mind might operate differently in different cultures (e.g. read this New York Times <a href="http://www.nytimes.com/2008/03/04/health/04iht-6sncult.1.10695876.html?pagewanted=all&amp;_r=0" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">story</a>). Understanding these differences is valuable to campaigners, opinion researchers, and almost everyone who cares about engaging the public in the field of international development.<br /><br /> Over the past decades researchers found several differences in the way Westerners and East Asians process information and form views. Some of the differences might possibly influence public opinion. These differences include what I call in plain language <em>“adopting a side or seeking a middle path,”</em> <em>“blaming me or blaming the situation,” </em>and<em> “logic versus experience.” </em></p> </div></div></div> Thu, 31 Oct 2013 17:32:00 +0000 Jing Guo 6516 at http://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere Quote of the Week: Peter Drucker http://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/quote-week-peter-drucker <div class="field field-name-body field-type-text-with-summary field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><p> <em><img alt="" src="http://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/files/publicsphere/Johanna/Drucker-portrait-bkt_1014.jpg" style="float:left; height:120px; width:120px" /></em><br /><em>"Culture eats strategy for breakfast."</em><br /><br /> -- <a href="http://www.druckerinstitute.com/link/about-peter-drucker/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Peter Drucker </a>(1909 – 2005) was a writer, professor, management consultant and self-described “social ecologist”.<br />  </p> </div></div></div> Mon, 21 Oct 2013 14:44:00 +0000 Sina Odugbemi 6501 at http://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere Weekly Wire: the Global Forum http://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/weekly-wire-global-forum-78 <div class="field field-name-body field-type-text-with-summary field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><P><IMG height=120 alt="" hspace=0 src="http://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/files/publicsphere/weekly_wire_photo.jpeg" width=121 align=left border=0></P> <P>These are some of the views and reports relevant to our readers that caught our attention this week.</P> <P><STRONG>International Center for Journalists<BR></STRONG><A href="http://www.icfj.org/blogs/digital-map-track-corruption-launches-colombia" target=_blank>Digital Map to Track Corruption Launches in Colombia</A></P> <P>“A new digital mapping tool to track and monitor corruption in Colombia on a national scale, launched July 24th a result of our partnership with the Consejo de Redacción, a country-wide organization of investigative journalists.</P> <P>The "Monitor de Corrupción" (or "Corruption Monitor") will provide journalists and citizens a platform to submit reports that will expose and map incidents of corruption.</P> <P>It’s a project I anticipate will contribute to making Colombia a more transparent and stronger society. The idea for this grew out of another similar project by Knight Fellow Jorge Luis Sierra.”&nbsp; <A href="http://www.icfj.org/blogs/digital-map-track-corruption-launches-colombia" target=_blank>READ MORE&nbsp;</A><BR>&nbsp;</div></div></div> Thu, 26 Jul 2012 14:33:12 +0000 Kalliope Kokolis 6051 at http://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere