Political Science http://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/taxonomy/term/7850/all en Quote of the Week: Philip Tetlock http://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/quote-week-philip-tetlock <div class="field field-name-body field-type-text-with-summary field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><div style="margin:0px; padding:0px; border:0px currentColor; vertical-align:baseline"> <em><img alt="" height="189" src="http://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/files/publicsphere/philip_e._tetlock.jpg" style="float:left" title=" University of Pennsylvania" width="180" />“Any good political psychologist should have the moral and historical imagination to see how he or she could become almost any ideological creature that has existed, or does exist on the planet. That includes Nazis, Stalinists, Maoists, Isil … There but for the grace of God.”</em><br />   <p> -<a href="http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/habermas/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow"> </a><a href="http://www.sas.upenn.edu/tetlock/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Philip Tetlock</a>, a Canadian-American <span>political science writer, currently serving as the Annenberg University Professor at the </span>University of Pennsylvania<span>, where he is cross-appointed at the </span>Wharton School<span> of Business and the </span>School of Arts and Sciences<span>.  His</span> research explores a variety of topics, including: the challenges of assessing "good judgment" in both laboratory and real-world settings and the criteria that social scientists use in judging judgment and drawing normative conclusions about bias and error.<br /><br /><span>He has written several non-fiction books at the intersection of psychology, political science and organizational behavior, including </span><a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Superforecasting:_The_Art_and_Science_of_Prediction" target="_blank" title=" The Art and Science of Prediction" rel="nofollow">Superforecasting: The Art and Science of Prediction</a><span>; </span>Expert Political Judgment: How Good Is It? How Can We Know?<span>; </span>Unmaking the West: What-if Scenarios that Rewrite World History<span>; and </span>Counterfactual Thought Experiments in World Politics.<span>  Tetlock is also co-principal investigator of </span><a href="https://www.gjopen.com/" target="_blank" title="The Good Judgment Project" rel="nofollow">The Good Judgment Project</a><span>, a multi-year study of the feasibility of improving the accuracy of probability judgments of high-stakes, real-world events.</span><br /><br /></div></div></div> Mon, 25 Jul 2016 15:07:00 +0000 Sina Odugbemi 7468 at http://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere ‘Not in God’s Name: Confronting Religious Violence’ http://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/not-god-s-name-confronting-religious-violence <div class="field field-name-body field-type-text-with-summary field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><p> <img alt="Not in God's Name book cover" height="358" src="http://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/files/publicsphere/not-in-gods-name-us-cover.jpg" style="float:right" title="" width="240" />Liberal constitutionalists like me tend to dismiss religious fundamentalists of different stripes as a wild bunch better avoided than understood. The attitude also arises from intellectual confidence: that liberal constitutionalism solved the problem of religious differences by banishing religion to the private sphere, and by making the commitment required of citizens only one to a slender constitutional framework within which citizens of different persuasions can pursue their ideas of how life ought to be lived. Yet, in the world we live in today the untrammeled spread of hate and medieval violence in the name of a Deity is brain-freezing and, sadly, shows no sign of abating. Therefore, it is pertinent to ask: Why is this happening? What can be done about it?<br /><br /> I have just read a deeply wise and elegantly written contribution to the search for understanding. It is <a href="http://www.rabbisacks.org/not-in-gods-name/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Not in God’s Name: Confronting Religious Violence</a> by Rabbi Jonathan Sacks. Sacks is a British religious leader of global renown both for his teachings and his erudition. In what follows I discuss the core ideas in the book, at least the ones that spoke to me.</p> </div></div></div> Thu, 07 Jan 2016 16:27:00 +0000 Sina Odugbemi 7270 at http://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere Strategic Communication vs. Communication http://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/strategic-communication-vs-communication <div class="field field-name-body field-type-text-with-summary field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><P><IMG height=280 alt="" hspace=0 src="http://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/files/publicsphere/strategic_communication.jpeg" width=280 align=left border=0>As we reported on this <A href="http://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/executive-course-communication-and-governance-reform-kicks" target=_blank>blog</A>, CommGAP organized an Executive Course in Communication for Governance earlier this month. The communication part of the course was characterized as "strategic communication" - which made me wonder what, exactly, strategic communication is, how it is relevant for our work, and whether it's different from "communication" per se. A faculty member from the course pointed us to an article by Hallahan et al., titled "<A href="http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/15531180701285244#preview" target=_blank>Defining Strategic Communication</A>," which states that "strategic communication" is "the purposeful use of communication by an organization to fulfill its mission." The purposeful use of communication makes it "strategic." The authors elaborate that : "Six relevant disciplines are involved in the development, implementation, and assessment of communications by organizations: management, marketing, public relations, technical communication, political communication, and information/social marketing campaigns." Although the authors see strategic communication as "an emerging paradigm," this clarification defines strategic communication as a set of tools, not as a discipline. Marketing, public relations etc. themselves are no disciplines, but approaches drawn from broader fields, such as economics and communication.</div></div></div> Tue, 09 Aug 2011 14:42:36 +0000 Anne-Katrin Arnold 5789 at http://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere The Age of Communication Research http://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/age-communication-research <div class="field field-name-body field-type-text-with-summary field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><p><img height="225" alt="" hspace="0" width="280" align="left" border="0" src="/files/publicsphere/communication_DailyPic.jpeg" />Communication is something of an ugly duckling in the social sciences &ndash; not many people take it seriously and not many people see the immediate relevance of the research. However, the study of public opinion is a good example to outline the immediate relevance of the field &ndash; and its future relevance.</p> </div></div></div> Tue, 08 Jun 2010 19:41:16 +0000 Anne-Katrin Arnold 5459 at http://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere