medicine http://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/taxonomy/term/5595/all en Why doctors leave their posts – problem-solving irregularities in the health sector with healthcare workers in Bangladesh http://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/why-doctors-leave-their-posts-problem-solving-irregularities-health-sector-healthcare-workers <div class="field field-name-body field-type-text-with-summary field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><p> <img alt="" height="213" src="http://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/files/publicsphere/6792819478_ce19ec1b85_z.jpg" style="float:left" title=" Art Writ" width="320" />It’s not often you get together the very people working on the frontline to sit down together and discuss why and how irregular practices occur in their sector – and what can be done about them. But that’s just what we did with a group of frontline health workers at a <a href="https://ace.soas.ac.uk/health-2/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">workshop</a> in Bangladesh’s capital Dhaka in December 2017. We wanted to understand why corrupt and irregular practices occur in the health sector - what are the underlying incentives and processes? And what are some feasible and impactful ways to change these practices?<br /><br /> Many developing countries, including the three where our research consortium, the <a href="https://ace.soas.ac.uk/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Anti-Corruption Evidence research consortium</a> is working, Bangladesh, Nigeria and Tanzania, struggle to provide free or low-cost healthcare to all their citizens. Instead, citizens are often forced to buy services from the private sector at higher fees or worse, approach untrained or traditional healers. There is <a href="https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/why-corruption-matters-understanding-causes-effects-and-how-to-address-them" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">agreement in the literature</a> that a large proportion of these inefficiencies occur due to corrupt practices (though there’s an active debate about whether using the <a href="http://oxfamblogs.org/fp2p/how-should-the-aid-business-think-and-act-about-corruption/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">c-word</a> is helpful in this debate, which is why we talked about ‘irregularities’ during this workshop). Many of these practices are related to the way societies in developing countries are organized around patron-client relations, where tax resources are insufficient, and resources, jobs and promotions require lobbying powerful politicians.</p> </div></div></div> Wed, 28 Feb 2018 20:17:00 +0000 Mushtaq Khan 7783 at http://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere Weekly wire: The global forum http://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/weekly-wire-global-forum-282 <div class="field field-name-body field-type-text-with-summary field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><div style="margin:0px; padding:0px; border:0px currentColor; vertical-align:baseline"> <div style="margin:0px; padding:0px; border:0px currentColor; vertical-align:baseline"> <div style="margin:0px; padding:0px; border:0px currentColor; vertical-align:baseline"> <div style="margin:0px; padding:0px; border:0px currentColor; vertical-align:baseline"> <div style="margin:0px; padding:0px; border:0px currentColor; vertical-align:baseline"> <div style="margin:0px; padding:0px; border:0px currentColor; vertical-align:baseline"> <div style="margin:0px; padding:0px; border:0px currentColor; vertical-align:baseline"> <div style="margin:0px; padding:0px; border:0px currentColor; vertical-align:baseline"> <div style="margin:0px; padding:0px; border:0px currentColor; vertical-align:baseline"> <h4> <img alt="World of News" height="179" src="http://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere/files/publicsphere/Weekly%20Wire%20Photo_1.jpeg" style="padding:2px; border:1px solid rgb(204, 204, 204); vertical-align:bottom; max-width:none; float:right" title=" Flickr user fdecomit" width="180" /><span>These are some of the views and reports relevant to our readers that caught our attention this week.</span></h4> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <p> <strong><a href="http://www.gp-digital.org/wp-content/uploads/pubs/thepracticeandcraftofmultistakeholderpoliymaking.pdf?utm_source=DMM+9%2F30%2F2016&amp;utm_campaign=DMM+9-23&amp;utm_medium=email" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">The Practice and Craft of Multistakeholder Governance: The case of global internet policymaking</a><br /> Global Partners Digital</strong><br /> In recent years, multistakeholderism has become something of a catchphrase in discussions of Internet governance. This follows decades of attempts to identify a system of governance that would be sufficiently flexible, yet at the same time effective enough to manage the decentralized, non-hierarchical global network that is today used by more than 3 billion people. […]In this paper, we contribute to this ongoing discussion by examining current and actual instances of governance and governance bodies that at least approximate the ideal of multistakeholderism. Part I, below, examines seven institutions and fora that serve as real-world examples of multistakeholder governance on the Internet. In Part II, we assess these examples to present a number of lessons learned and more general reflections that can help us better understand the state of—and prospects for—multistakeholder governance of the Internet today.</p> <p> <strong><a href="https://lif.blob.core.windows.net/lif/docs/default-source/publications/facts-we-can-believe-in-how-to-make-fact-checking-better_web-pdf.pdf?sfvrsn=8" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">Facts We Can Believe In: How to make fact-checking better</a><br /> Legatum Institute</strong><br /> New media and the information revolution have not only empowered access to information but also fuelled the spread of disinformation. Such is the scale of the problem that the World Economic Forum has defined  misinformation as one of the world’s most urgent problems. Corrupt, neo-authoritarian rulers have become skilled at using disinformation to confuse their opposition, break down trust and fracture civil society. Increasingly, disinformation is used as a weapon by closed societies to attack more open ones. Inside democracies whole segments of society are pulled into alternative realities which are manipulated by violent extremists and dominated by conspiracy theories. Some commentators have even speculated that we are entering a “post-fact” age where political candidates reinvent reality on a whim. This poses a serious danger to deliberative democracy and good governance: if we cannot agree on the facts, debate and decision-making break down.<br />  </p> </div></div></div> Thu, 13 Oct 2016 14:31:00 +0000 Roxanne Bauer 7536 at http://blogs.worldbank.org/publicsphere